Discord-logo.jpg Join our Discord!
If you have been locked out of your account you can request a password reset here.

Berthier Rifles

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
(Redirected from Berthier Mle 1907-15 M34)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Carabine Berthier de Cavalerie Modèle 1890 Type 1er - 8x50mmR Lebel. The first mass-produced carbine for the cavalry.

The Berthier Rifles and Carbines were a family of bolt-action small arms in 8x50mmR Lebel, used in the French Army from the 1890s to the beginning of World War II and by some French law enforcement units until the 1970s. Developed from the cavalry and artillery carbines issued in 1890-92, known as the mousquetons Berthier, two full-length Berthier rifle models had already been introduced before World War I. They were the Fusil Mle. 1902 and Mle. 1907 which were issued to Indochinese and Senegalese Tirailleur troops.

Following the introduction of the Gewehr 1888 with a box magazine in Germany, the artillery commission in France was tasked with further developing the Lebel 1886 rifle. At the same time, Lt. Émile André Berthier, a civil engineer for the French state railroad in Algeria, developed a variant of the Lebel rifle with a revised Kropatschek bolt system, which locks directly behind the chamber and in which the locking elements are offset by 90 degrees compared to those of the Lebel rifle (in contrast to the Lebel rifle, they are on the side of the bolt when the bolt is open). A Mannlicher magazine system with a loading frame was provided for loading the weapon. As Berthier's design was deemed superior to the artillery commission's, the Atelier de construction de Puteaux (APX) produced ten prototypes of Berthier's development.

During World War I, a modified version of the Mle. 1907 rifle called Fusil Mle. 1907/15 was manufactured in very large numbers for issue to French Colonial troops, French Foreign Legion, and Allied troops during the war. It also was issued to regular French troops due to the shortage of Lebel rifles during World War I. The Fusil Mle. 1907/15 was manufactured in four locations the French arsenals Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne and Chatellerault. Also by private companies Delaunay-Belleville, Continsouza, and Remington UMC.

Due to the small 3rd magazine capacity of the Berthier Mle. 1907/15 to be a major disadvantage, which led to the introduction of a 5-round magazine Berthier Fusil Mle. 1907/15 M.16. It was manufactured beginning in 1890 until 1918. The total number of Berthier rifles manufactured was 435,000 units. In the 1930s about 80,000 of them were converted for using a new 7.5x54mm MAS cartridge; this version is known as Mle. 1907/15 M.34.

Specifications

Type: Rifle

Caliber: 8x50R mm; 7.5x54 mm (Mle. 1907/15 M34)

Capacity: 3,5 rounds

Fire Modes: Single shot (Bolt Action)

Modèle 1892 Artillery Carbine

Mousqueton Berthier d’Artillerie Modèle 1892 - 8x50mmR Lebel

The Mousqueton d’Artillerie Modèle 1892 differs essentially from the gendarmerie carbine in that the Mle. 1892 bayonet saber is more a tool than a weapon. A saber bayonet is a bayonet with a blade that can be used as a machete.

It is a short, stocky weapon, but easy to use. The Berthier Mousqueton was appreciated by soldiers for its compactness in the trenches, and was also popular for its virile recoil, giving the shooter an impression of power.


The Modèle 1892 Artillery Carbine and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Bennie the Howl (Benya Krik) Benya Krik's man 1926
Daybreak (Le jour se lève) French soldiers 1935
The Eighth (Osmiyat) A resistance fighter 1969
Baba Yaga, Devil Witch Isabelle De Funès Valentina Rosselli 1973
Firing squad
Les Misérables French prison guards and soldiers 1995
Hot Fuzz Seen in the evidence room 2007
Far from Men Reda Kateb Mohamed 2014
Algerian rebels
15 Minutes of War (L'Intervention) Somalian troops 2015
To the Ends of the World (Les confins du monde) Vietnamese soldiers of French colonial troops 2018
An Officer and a Spy (J'Accuse) French gendarmes 2019

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Front Without Mercy (Front ohne Gnade) Spanish Republicans Ep.6 1984
The Alsatians or the Two Matildas French soldiers 1996


Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Battle of Empires: 1914-1918 "Mousqueton Modèle 1892" 2015
Verdun "Mousqueton Mle. 1892 Berthier" 2015
Rainbow Six Siege Unusable; seen on background 2015
Hunt: Showdown Berthier "Mle 1892" Added in Update 1.7 (2021) 2018

Fusil Modèle 1902 Rifle

Fusil Berthier Modèle 1902 de Tirailleur Indochinois - 8x50mmR Lebel

The equipment of the Indochinese riflemen was not the responsibility of the Ministry of War but of the Ministry of Colonies. Consequently, Indochinese riflemen were not equipped with Lebel 1886 rifles. With a relatively small budget, the Ministry of Colonies recovered a large number of Gras Model 1874 rifles and carbines. In 1901, Paul Doumer, Governor of Indochina, asked for a study of a short rifle for the Indochinese, who were small in stature.

The Comité Technique de l'Artillerie proposed two types of rifle, "lengthened" versions of the Mle. 1890 gendarmerie rifle, the longer of which was adopted, and an order for 10,000 was placed with the Manufacture d'Armes de Châtellerault. A second order for 14,000 was subsequently placed. Schneider also purchased 10,000 of the rifles to fulfill an arms contract with Persia in 1908.

A new order for 25,000 examples of the 1902 model with the M.16 modification was placed in 1920.


The Fusil Modèle 1902 Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Shock Troop French soldiers 1934
The Intervention (Interventsiya) French soldiers 1969
The Gang (Le Gang) French gendarmes 1977
Capitaine Conan French soldiers 1996


Fusil Modèle 1907 Rifle

Fusil Berthier Modèle 1907 de Tirailleur Sénégalais - 8x50mmR Lebel

In 1907, the Ministry of Colonies decided to adopt a Berthier rifle similar to the "Indochinese" rifle, but with a length similar to that of the Lebel for Senegalese riflemen.


The Fusil Modèle 1907 Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
The Fear French soldiers 2015

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Verdun "Fusil Colonial Mle. 1907 Berthier Sénégalais" Added with December 2018 expansion 2015

Fusil Modèle 1907-15 Rifle

Fusil Berthier Modèle 1907/15 - 8x50mmR Lebel

At the start of the war, the state arms factories were unable to restart Lebel production, as the majority of machine tools had been converted for other uses. The remaining machine tools in Tulle were barely sufficient to ensure the repair of weapons returning from the battlefield. It was therefore decided to undertake the large-scale manufacture of a rifle based on the Mle. 1907.

In 1915, this rifle was officially adopted by the Ministry of War and was given the name Fusil Mle. 1907 modifié 1915 or 07/15 and gradually replaced the Lebel. It has simplified sights, a straight bolt, and retained the Lebel bayonet lug, for using the 1886/93 Rosalie bayonet.


The Fusil Modèle 1907/15 Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
7th Heaven Charles Farrell Chico 1927
David Butler Gobin
French soldiers
Wings French troops 1927
Carry on, Sergeant! French-Moroccan soldiers 1928
All Quiet on the Western Front Raymond Griffith Gérard Duval 1930
Lew Ayres Paul Bäumer
Slim Summerville Tjaden
French soldiers
Morocco Gary Cooper Tom Brown 1930
Paul Porcasi Lo Tinto
French Légionnaires
Mata Hari French soldiers 1931
Cavalcade French soldiers 1933
The World Moves On Franchot Tone Richard Girard 1934
Raul Roulien Henri Girard
Stepin Fetchit Dixie
French soldiers
The Road to Glory Victor Kilian Tall Sergeant 1936
Lionel Barrymore Pvt. Morin
French soldiers
Seventh Heaven James Stewart Chico 1937
Victor Kilian Gobin
French soldiers
Beau Geste Gary Cooper Beau Geste 1939
Ray Milland John Geste
Robert Preston Digby Geste
Albert Dekker Schwarz
Harold Huber Voisin
Legionnaires
The Flying Deuces Stan Laurel Stan 1939
Oliver Hardy Ollie
French Foreign Legionaries
Immortal Sergeant German and Italian soldiers 1943
State Department: File 649 Caravan guard 1949
The Taste of Violence (Le goût de la violence) Guerrillas 1961
Mata Hari, Agent H21 French soldiers 1964
Shock Troops (Un homme de trop) Charles Vanel Passevin 1967
Resistance fighters
Bonnot's Gang (La bande à Bonnot) French Zouaves and gendarmes 1968
The Intervention (Interventsiya) French soldiers 1969
100 Rifles Mexican soldiers 1969
Two Mules for Sister Sara French soldiers 1970
How I Unleashed World War II French Foreign Legionnaires 1970
Papillon Steve McQueen Henri "Papillon" Charrière 1973
Dustin Hoffman Louis Dega
Robert Deman Maturette
French soldiers and Penal Colony guards
And Now My Love French soldiers 1974
March or Die Terence Hill Marco Segrain 1977
Hold-Up (Nalyot) Aleksey Petrenko "The Uncle" 1993
Les Misérables French soldiers 1995
Twelve Monkeys French soldiers 1995
A Very Long Engagement Gaspard Ulliel Manech Langonnet 2004
Clovis Cornillac Benoît Notre-Dame
Denis Lavant Francis "Six-Sous" Gaignard
Albert Dupontel Célestin Poux
François Levantal Thouvenel
French soldiers
Joyeux Noël Dany Boon Private Ponchel 2005
Mickey Dedaj Le couturier
Lucas Belvaux Gueusselin
Philippe Beautier Morallec
French soldiers
Papillon French Penal Colony guards 2018
All Quiet on the Western Front French soldiers 2022


Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) Soldiers of Russian Expeditionary Force in France Ep.3 1977
Three Days of June French Colonial soldiers 2004
14 - Diaries of the Great War Mikaël Fitoussi Louis Barthas 2014
French soldiers
Les Fusillés Grégoire Leprince-Ringuet Louis 2015
French soldiers
Clash of Futures French and German soldiers 2018

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Battle of Empires: 1914-1918 "Lebel-Berthier" 2014
Verdun "Fusil Mle. 1907/15 Berthier" 2015
Tannenberg "Fusil Mle. 1907/15 Berthier" Romanian Update 2019
Beyond The Wire "Berthier Fusil Mle 1907/15" 2022

Fusil Modèle 1916 Carabine

Mousqueton Berthier Modèle 1892 Modifié 1916 - 8x50mmR Lebel

The Mousqueton Mle. 1892 Modifié 1916 (also called Carabine Berthier modèle 1916) was a modification of the Mousqueton d'Artillerie Modèle 1892, newly stocked and equipped with a Mannlicher magazine system for a 5-round loading clip.


The Fusil Modèle 1916 Carabine and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
The Flying Deuces French legionnaires Archival footage 1939
The Battle of the Rails (La bataille du rail) French Resistance fighters, German soldiers 1946
Canal (Kanal) Seen among captured Polish weapons 1957
Weekend at Dunkirk French soldiers 1964
Ho! Gendarmes 1968
The Pariah (La Scoumoune) Prison guards 1972
Baba Yaga, Devil Witch Isabelle De Funès Valentina Rosselli 1973
The Hostage Gang (Le gang des otages) French gendarmes 1973
And Now My Love French soldiers 1974
Borsalino and Co. French soldiers 1974
Black Thursday French gendarmes 1974
The Gang (Le Gang) French gendarmes 1977
Drummer-Crab (Le Crabe-Tambour) African tribesmen 1977
The Escape (La carapate) French gendarmes 1978
From Hell to Victory George Hamilton Maurice Bernard 1979
Operation Leopard (La légion saute sur Kolwezi) Seen on the wall 1980
The Fugitives French gendarmes 1986
The Prince of the Pacific (Le prince du Pacifique) French sailors 2000
Hotel Rwanda An Interahamwe militiaman 2004
A Very Long Engagement French police officers and soldiers 2005
Outside the Law French shopkeeper 2010
French riot police
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Natasza Urbanska Ola Raniewska 2011
Polish soldiers
Day of the Falcon (Or noir) Sultan's guards, Auda´s men 2011
The Water Diviner A Turkish soldier 2014
White Soldier French soldiers 2014
To the Ends of the World (Les confins du monde) Vietnamese soldiers of French colonial troops 2018
An Officer and a Spy (J'Accuse) French gendarmes 2019

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Bors French mounted policemen Ep. 10 "A papagáj akció" (Operation Parrot); Stock footage 1968
Nestor Burma - Season 3 A French gendarme "Brouillard au pont de Tolbiac" (S3E5) 1994
The Alsatians or the Two Matildas French soldiers 1996
The Somme David Bertrand Fraisse 2005
Jean-David Beroard Barberon
French soldiers
Three Days of June French soldiers 2004
Verdun: Descent into Hell Johannes Oliver Hamm Charles Delvert 2005
French soldiers
Babylon Berlin - Season 1 French soldiers Ep. 07 2017
1918: Uprising of the Sailors Lucas Prisor Karl Artelt 2018
German sailors
Hotel Europa French soldiers Ep. 01 2022

Video Games

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Battlefield: 1918 "Berthier Carbine" 2004
Forgotten Hope 2 "Mousqueton Berthier Mle 16" Added in v2.6 (2022) 2007
Verdun "Mousqueton Mle. 1892 M16 Berthier" 2015
Hot Dogs, Horseshoes & Hand Grenades "Berthier Carbine" 2016
Squad 44: Letters From The Front "Berthier Mle. 1892 M16 M." Introduced in Plan Jaune update 2018
Enlisted "Berthier M16 Carbine" 2021

Anime

Title Character Notes Date
Noir Chief Thibault Ep. 22: Journey's End (Tabiji no Hate) 2001
Lupin Zero Gaucho Ep. "Young Lupin Calls Himself "the Third" 2022 - 2023
Viet Minh soldiers


Fusil Modèle 1907-16 Rifle

Fusil Berthier Modèle 1907/15 Modifié 1916 - 8x50mmR Lebel

The design of the Fusil Modèle 1907/15 Modifié 1916 or Fusil Modèle 1916 corresponded to the Mousqueton Mle. 1892 Modifié 1916, it was also newly stocked and equipped with the magazine for a 5-round loading clip.


The Fusil Modèle 1907/16 Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Verdun: Visions of History French soldiers 1928
Sergey Lazo Imperial Japanese Army soldiers 1968
Fort Saganne French and Arabic soldiers 1984
The Water Diviner A Greek soldier 2014
The Fear Nino Rocher Gabriel Dufour 2015
French soldiers
The Promise French soldiers 2016

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Three Days of June French Colonial soldiers 2004
14 - Diaries of the Great War A French soldier 2014
Deadline Gallipoli French soldiers and West-African Troops 2015

Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Forgotten Hope 2 "FR Berthier Mle 16" Iron sights and APX Mle 1921 Added in v2.6 (2022) 2014
Battle of Empires: 1914-1918 "Lebel-Berthier mle1916" 2015
Squad 44: Letters From The Front "Berthier Mle. 1907/15-M16" Added in 2024 Operation Clean Sweep Update 2018

Fusil Modèle 1907-15 M34 Rifle

Berthier Mle. 1907/15 M.34 - 7.5x54mm MAS

After the Lebel M1886/93/27 was deemed a failure, a very similar conversion was developed based on more suitable Berthier rifles. Since the fundamentally new MAS-36 was adopted shortly after, about 80,000 of M34s were produced before they were discontinued.


The Fusil Modèle 1907/15 M.34 Rifle and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:



Film

Title Actor Character Notes Date
Sadsacks Go to War (Les Bidasses s'en vont en guerre) French soldiers 1974
The Escape (La carapate) French riot police 1978

Television

Title Actor Character Notes / Episode Date
Fantômas French Police Ep.2 1980


Video Game

Title Appears as Mods Notes Date
Forgotten Hope 2 "FR Berthier Mle 07-15 M34" Added in v2.6 (2022) 2007



Do Not Sell My Personal Information