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Les Misérables (1995)

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Les Misérables
LesMiserables1995Cover.jpg
Movie Poster
Country FRA.jpg France
Directed by Claude Lelouch
Release Date March 22, 1995
Language English
French
German
Studio Les Films 13
TF1
Canal+
Distributor Bac Films
Main Cast
Character Actor
Henri Fortin /
Jean Valjean
Jean-Paul Belmondo
André Ziman Michel Boujenah
Elise Ziman Alessandra Martines
La fille Ziman Salomé Lelouch
Thénardière Annie Girardot
Thénardier Philippe Léotard
Le policier / Javert Philippe Khorsand
Mgr Myriel Jean Marais


Les Misérables is a 1995 French movie based on Victor Hugo's novel of the same name. Directed by Claude Lelouch, France's Oscar and Palme d'Or-winning director, Lelouch adapted the screenplay from Victor Hugo's famous 1862 novel Les Miserables. Lelouch, who also produced and directed the film's cinematography, transported the novel's events, set in the 19th century, to France during World War II. One of the most important novels of French literature, Les Miserables has been adapted to the screen dozens of times since 1909. Claude Lelouch's movie adaptation is perhaps the freest adaptation of the novel ever made.

Henri Fontin is a former boxing champion who has gone downhill. During the war, he becomes acquainted with Jewish lawyer André Ziman. He asks Fontin to bring his family to neutral Switzerland. During the trip, the Zimans read him Victor Hugo's novel Les Misérables. Fontin is surprised when he discovers how many similarities there are to his own life story.


The following weapons were used in the film Les Misérables:


Revolvers

Chamelot-Delvigne Mle. 1873

In the prologue of the movie set in 1900, Le comte de Villeneuve (Daniel Toscan du Plantier) commits suicide with what appears to be a Chamelot-Delvigne Model 1873. This revolver is picked up by Henri Fortin (Jean-Paul Belmondo), the older one.

Chamelot-Delvigne Modèle 1873 - 11x17.8mmR
The revolver held in the dead man's right hand.
Desperate Henri holds the revolver and doesn't know what to do.

MAS Mle. 1892

The Mle 1892 Revolver is used by French prison guards.

Revolver d'ordonnance modèle 1892 - 8x27mmSR
Three guards hold their revolvers while looking down a fountain.
Another view of the guards getting ready to interrupt the escape plan of Henri and Toureiffel (William Leymergie) who climb up the fountain on a rope.
A close up of one Mle. 1892 revolver pointed at Herni.

Pistols

MAB Model D

Vichy French police are equipped with the anachronistic Type II variant of the MAB Model D.

MAB Model D Type II - .32 ACP
Henri realizes that the hitchhiker is a Policeman (Philippe Khorsand).
A close up of the pistol shows the smooth barrel and the extended sights. The period accurate Type I has an external latch under the slide.
Another policeman (Stéphane Ferrara) aims his MAB Model D.
The two policemen surrender with their pistols in hands.
The policeman is forced to hand Henri his sidearm.

Walther PPK

A Wehrmacht soldier and an Unteroffizier (Corporal) (Richard Sammel) are briefly seen with Walther PPKs.

Walther PPK - .32 ACP
The soldier executes a wounded man with his PPK.
The Unteroffizier on the left moves the slide of his Walther.

Colt M1911A1

Two American 1st Lieutenants are seen carrying possible Colt M1911A1 pistols.

Colt M1911A1 - .45 ACP
The lieutenants prepare themselves as the ramp of the Higgins boat goes down.
The lieutenant in the background racks the slide.
The first lieutenant gets shot while holding his pistol.

Submachine Guns

MP 40

Various German soldiers wield MP 40s. Some MP 40s are also carried by French Gendarmerie officers. One is also used by the thug "L'Addition" (Ticky Holgado) during the train robbery.

Maschinenpistole 40 - 9x19mm Parabellum
Two German soldiers on the right stand with their MP 40s.
A soldier points his MP 40 at a field.
Another soldier does the same.
The grip is seen as they captured Elisa Ziman (Alessandra Martines). Note the Edelweiss patch on the sleeve; nearly all Wehrmacht soldiers in the movie belong to the Gebirgsjäger.
"Toubib" holds an MP 40 at a French civilian.
A Gendarmerie officer on the left carries an MP 40.

M1A1 Thompson

An M1A1 Thompson is very briefly seen carried by one American soldier.

M1A1 Thompson - .45 ACP
The soldier to the far right runs with his Thompson.

Sten Mk. II

Two Résistance members provide Henri Fortin with Sten Mk IIs.

Sten Mark II - 9x19mm
"Toubib" (right) stands in a field with his Sten while witnessing the jump of American paratroopers in the morning hours of June 6, 1944.
Henri and a Résistance fighter take cover during the Allied landing inside Guillaume's (Rufus) tavern. The other Résistance member to the left carries an MP 40.
A closer view of the muzzle while Henri watches the situation.
Henri takes cover from an explosion with his Sten.

MP 41

The French thugs Robert "Toubib" Blame (Antoine Duléry) and "Bonnard" (Jacques Bonnot) at the movie's end have MP 41s during the hostage-taking at the beach salon.

Maschinenpistole 41 - 9x19mm Parabellum
"Toubib" holds on to his MP 41.
After raiding the coffeehouse he threatens the policeman.
"Bonnard" switches his MP 41 to his right hand which offers a view of the stock.
A close up of the barrel and receiver as "Toubib" steps closer to the policeman.

Rifles

Berthier Mle. 1892 Carabine

French prison guards and some soldiers are seen with Berthier Mle 1892 Artillery Carbines.

Mousqueton Berthier d’Artillerie Modèle 1892 - 8x50mmR Lebel
Two prison guards carry their Berthier carbines.
LesMiserables1995-BerthierCarbine2.jpg
One of the guards with his Berthier steps back. The ejecting hole is visible.
The barrel is seen to the right.
A Berthier carbine is seen in the background slung by a French soldier.
A close up of the front barrel.

Berthier Mle. 1907/15

During the boxing match of the 20-year-old Henri Fortin (Paul Belmondo) in November 1918, many French soldiers are equipped with long rifles which appear to be the Berthier Mle. 1907/15.

Fusil Berthier Modèle 1907/15 - 8x50mmR Lebel
Cheering French soldiers surround the boxing ring.
The muzzle is seen as Le général de Verdun (Nicolas Vogel) calls the soldiers to calm down.
Two soldiers on the left carry their rifle over their backs next to the général who announces the armistice.
A rifle is seen on the left raised by a soldier.

Charleville Mle. 1777 Cavalry Carbine

A Model 1777 Cavalry Carbine is seen two times carried by a Gendarmerie officer in 1830.

Mousqueton Charleville de Cavalerie Modèle 1777 - .69 caliber
The Gendarmerie officer with his slung carbine. The flintlock is seen.
LesMiserables1995-Musketoon2.jpg
Two views of the barrel as the police officers talk with Mgr Myriel (Jean Marais).

Mauser Rifle

German soldiers are seen with unknown Mauser rifles. After World War Two, French Gendarmerie officers are also seen with these Mauser rifles during a hostage-taking at a public swimming pool. It is unclear why they used this Mauser rifle since the MAS-36 was available which was still in the police armory at that time.

The Mauser rifles have parade hooks, under-mounted sling swivels, grasping grooves, turned-down bolt handles, and tangent-leaf rear sights which are surrounded by wood. These rifles are also seen in the 1996 mini-series The Alsatians or the Two Matildas and the 2009 movie The Army of Crime.

A slung Mauser rifle over the back of a German soldier in front of the Eiffel Tower.
A German soldier at a checkpoint on a bridge with a Mauser rifle.
Three Wehrmacht soldiers follow an SS officer to the bunker.
A French policemen aims his Mauser rifle at the pool entrance.
Two officers inside a car wait with their rifles.

M1 Carbine

The M1 Carbine is wielded by some American troops during the D-Day landing. It is the anachronistic late-war variant with a bayonet lug.

Korean War Era M1 Carbine - .30 Carbine
The left GI starts running with his M1 Carbine.
Two soldiers fire their carbines at a German position. Note the sleeve patch which contains a white tomahawk on a blue background which indicates them to the XIX Corps of the Ninth Army.

M1 Garand

Some American GIs are seen with M1 Garands.

M1 Garand - .30-06 Springfield
US soldiers with Garands celebrate in a French orphanage while a comrade (Allen Hoist) plays the piano.

MAS-36

Due to the lack of sufficient American weapons, MAS-36s are carried by many US troops.

MAS-36 - 7.5x54mm French
Four MAS-36 rifles can be seen held by US soldiers on the Higgins boat.
A slung MAS-36 is seen in the background behind an American reporter (Rémi Bergman).

MAS-36/51

At least, one of the American soldiers is equipped with an anachronistic MAS-36/51.

MAS-36/51 - 7.5x54mm French
LesMiserables1995-MAS51Rifle1.jpg
The soldier to the right has the MAS-36/51 while advancing on the beach. Note the strengthened barrel.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk. I

A British Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I is seen two times carried by one American soldier.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mark I - .303 British
The right soldier charges with his No. 4 Mk. I.
The Lee-Enfield is seen in the background.

Machine Guns

Hotchkiss Mle. 1914

Two unmanned Hotchkiss M1914s are seen during the boxing match on November 11, 1918.

Hotchkiss Modèle 1914 - 8x50mmR Lebel
The closest view one Hotchkiss behind a French soldier.
The two machines guns in front a French Orchestra playing the La Marseillaise.

Maxim MG 08

A Maxim MG08 is briefly seen during the boxing match.

Maxim MG 08 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The Maxim with a loaded ammo belt to the right.

MG 34

At the German checkpoint, an MG 34 is seen mounted on a vehicle.

MG 34 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The MG 34 manned by a German soldier.

MG 42

German soldiers use two MG 42s in an anti-aircraft mount.

MG 42 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Two German soldier operate the machine guns.
The gunner waits for the signal to open fire. Note the post-1943 vertical charging handle; since this scene takes place in 1942, the period-correct MG 42 would have a slab-sided horizontal handle.
The soldier opens fire. The left MG appears to have a jam after starting shooting.
The machine guns mow down fleeing Jews.

Bren Mk. II

An American soldier carries a Bren light machine gun.

Bren Mark II - .303 British
The Bren is seen on the far right. The curved magazine and the carrying handle can be seen.

Chatellerault Mle. 1924/29

French Chatellerault M1924/29s are used by American soldiers.

Fusil-mitrailleur Chatellerault Modèle 1924 modifié 29 - 7.5x54mm
LesMiserables1995-Chatellerault1.jpg
American soldiers suppress the German bunker with ther light machine guns.
A blurry view of the barrel.

Browning M1919A4

The Browning M1919A4 is fired by German soldiers stationed in the Normandy bunker.

Browning M1919A4 - .30-06 Springfield
A German fires the Browning at the approaching Résistance fighters.
Another view of the same soldier.
Two Browning M1919A4 barrels coming out the bunker.

Browning M2HB

The Browning M2HB heavy machine gun is mounted on an M8 Greyhound light armored car.

Browning M2HB in vehicle mounting - .50 BMG
LesMiserables1995-BrowningHB1.jpg

Hand Grenades

Mk 2 Hand Grenade

An Mk 2 hand grenade is handed over by Henri Fortin (Philippe Khorsand) to Marius (Michaël Cohen). It is not shown in the movie when he got the grenades; it only says that the members of the Résistance members supplied them.

Mk 2 "Pineapple" grenade
Henri: "First you have to release the lever, then you count to five, then you throw it into the bunker."
Marius: "Count to five..."
Henri: "Yes exactly to five! But don't count too slowly!"
Henri offers Marius the grenade, which is eyed curiously by Jeannot Guillaume (Pierre-Alexis Hollenbeck). However, his description already has a crucial error; the grenade has a four to five-second fuse.

F1 Mle. 1935

Henri Fortin also owns two F1 Mle. 1935s which he also gives to Marius.

F1 Modèle 1935
One F1 is put by Henri on a wooden barrel.
He gives the grenades to Marius.

Other

M1 "Bazooka"

"Bonnard" is seen handling an M1 "Bazooka" to stop a Vichy French train and blows open a wagon of it.

M1 Bazooka - 2.36 inch
"Bonnard" readies the Bazooka.

Double Barreled Shotgun

A French hunter and Thénardière (Annie Girardot) can be seen with 12 Gauge Double Barreled Shotguns.

Attracted by the shot the hunter holds Henri at gunpoint.
Thénardière fires her hammerless shotgun.
Another view of the shotgun.

Cannon

An unknown cannon is stationed inside the German bunker commanded by the SS-Sturmbannführer (Major) (Wolfgang Pissors).

The barrel is seen pointed at the sea.
LesMiserables1995-Canon2.jpg
LesMiserables1995-Canon3.jpg
A soldier closes the breech.

See Also


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