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Sa 23 submachine gun series

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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Sa 23 - 9x19mm
Sa 25 - 9x19mm. Note the slide on the handguard, which is a speedloader for magazines. The stock folds to the left, and can be used as a foregrip when folded.
Sa 24 - 7.62x25mm. Note the forward slant of the magazine.
Sa 26 - 7.62x25mm

The Sa 23 (Czech: Samopal 23) series of submachine guns began just after World War II, when Czech arms designer Vaclav Holek developed a submachine gun patterned after the various conventional blowback designs of the time (the MP40, Sten, etc.), but with some innovative updates. The resultant weapon was the first submachine gun in full production to have the magazine well in the pistol grip, and a wrap around bolt.

The development of this SMG was started in 1947 at the Česká Zbrojovka Strakonice arms factory, as the CZ-447. The final version of the SMG was adopted by the Czechoslovak army in August 1948 under the designation "9 mm samopal vz. 48a" (with fixed wooden buttstock) and "9 mm samopal vz. 48b" (with folding buttstock). Serial production was started in 1949 at the Česká Zbrojovka enterprise - Uhersky Brod. In the spring of 1950, the Czechoslovak army changed the designation of these SMGs: Sa vz. 48a became Sa 23, and Sa vz. 48b became Sa 25. Unlike other Czechoslovakian submachine guns, these numeral designations are typically written without the "vzor" (model of), as their numeral designations are not their years of introductions.

The original guns were chambered in 9mm Parabellum, making it popular for export to western or non-aligned nations, but the Soviet Union pressured Czechoslovakia to adopt a standardized Warsaw Pact caliber, so the gun was modified to fire the 7.62x25mm Tokarev round. The 7.62x25mm versions are identifiable due to the obvious forward slant of the pistol grip and magazine to accommodate the different shape of the ammunition. The 9mm versions - as well as some of the surplus 7.62x25mm ones - were sold worldwide. Most of the 9mm guns ended up in the hands of countries like Chile, Lebanon and South Africa, while the 7.62x25mm versions went to Soviet client states like Cuba, Cambodia, and Libya. The original Czech production ran from 1949 to 1968.

The four variants of the Czech production are:

  • Sa 23: 9x19mm Parabellum, fixed wooden stock.
  • Sa 25: 9x19mm Parabellum, side-folding wire stock.
  • Sa 24: 7.62x25mm Tokarev, fixed wooden stock.
  • Sa 26: 7.62x25mm Tokarev, side-folding wire stock.

A semi-automatic version of the Sa 25 - the Sanna 77 - was produced in sanctions-embargoed Rhodesia in the 1970s, in line with other forays into local arms, such as the Rhogun, Cobra Carbine, and the Northwood R-76 SMG/R-77 machine carbine. They were mainly marketed as high-capacity "land defence pistols" for use by isolated white farmers against indigenous guerrilas. Some sources claim that the Sanna 77 was nicknamed the "Rhuzi," due to its cosmetic similarity to the Uzi, others claim the same for the Rhogun and the Cobra. Another semi-automatic version - the Kommando LDP - later appeared in South Africa.


(1948 - 1968)

  • Type: Submachine Gun
  • Caliber: 9x19mm (23, 25), 7.62x25mm Tokarev (24, 26)
  • Weight: 7.2 lbs (3.3 kg)
  • Length: 17.5 in (44.5 cm) stock folded, 27 in (68.6 cm) stock extended/fixed stock
  • Barrel length: 11.2 in (28.4 cm)
  • Capacity: 24 or 40 (9x19mm), 32 (7.62x25mm)
  • Fire Modes: Semi-Auto/Full-Auto

The Sa 23 submachine gun series and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:


Title Actor Character Note Date
They Come Out of the Darkness (Pricházejí z tmy) Josef Mixa Chief Sergeant Jaroslav Martinec Sa 25 1954
They Come Out of the Darkness (Pricházejí z tmy) Petr Skála Staff Sergeant Jindrich Votava Sa 25 1954
They Come Out of the Darkness (Pricházejí z tmy) Vilém Besser Sergeant Hudecek Sa 25 1954
Smugglers of Death Leopold Novák Kilián known as "King of Šumava" mocked as Sten Mk I* 1959
Smugglers of Death Miroslav Holub Gamekeeper Paleček mocked as Sten Mk I* 1959
And Your Love Too Alfonso Arau Alfredo Sa 25 1962
Armin Mueller-Stahl Ullrich Sittich
The End of Agent W4C Secret agents Sa 26 1967
The Last Grenade Alex Cord Kip Thompson Sa 23 1970
Mafia Junction Cliff's henchmen Sa 25 1973
The Wilby Conspiracy South African BOSS agents Sa 25 1975
Paper Tiger Kulagong commandos Sa 25 1975
Operation Thunderbolt Klaus Kinski Wilfried Boese Sa 25 1977
The Wild Geese Various Mercenaries Sa 23 and Sa 25 1978
Game for Vultures Sixpence 1979
Never Say Never Again Sean Connery James Bond Sa 25 1983
The Detached Mission (Odinochnoye plavanye) Aleksandr Inshakov Horts Sa 26 1985
Wild Geese II Palestinian gunman Sa 25 1985
Secrets of Madame Wong (Tayny madam Vong) Gangsters Sa 26 1986
Cargo 300 (Gruz 300) A mujaheddin Sa 26 1989
Afghan Breakdown A mujaheddin Sa 23 1991
The Wild East Skull's thug Sa 25 1993
Chained Heat 2 Markéta Hrubešová Carla Sa 24 1993
Chained Heat 2 Guards & Prisoners Sa 25 1993
The Gray Wolves (Serye volki) Nartay Begalin KGB operative Sa 26 1993
The Little Bee (Pchyolka) Anatoliy Ravikovich Vasiliy Sa 26 1993
The Life and Extraordinary Adventures of Private Ivan Chonkin Zoya Buryak Nyura Mocked as Degtyaryov DA-2 mounted on the aircraft 1994
Shirli-Myrli Man in black Sa 26 1995
Hidden Assassin Dolph Lundgren Michael Dane Sa 25 1995
Hidden Assassin Gavan O'Herlihy Dick Powell Sa 25 1995
Crusader (Krestonosets) Criminals Sa 26 1995
All the Things We Dreamt of for So Long Nikolay Dobrynin Nikolay Sa 25 1997
Spiders II: Breeding Ground Ship's crew Sa 26 2001
Lion's Share (Lvinaya dolya) Simonov's henchman Sa 25 2001
Bad Company Terrorist Sa 25 2002
Outside the Law Black ops operative Sa 25 2002
Antikiller Criminals Sa 25 2002
Underworld Gun Rack Sa 26 2003
The Preacher Sa 25, seen in trunk of Jutka's car. 2004
Che Part One: Argentine Luis Gonzaga Hernandez Captain Lalo Sardiñas Sa 25 2009
In the Shadow Czechoslovak Border Guard 2012


Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Bors Sa 23 and Sa 25 1968
The Professionals German terrorists Sa 25 1977-1981
Doctor Who Various Neo-Nazis Sa 25 1988
Young Indiana Jones Chronicles Sean Patrick Flanery Indiana Jones Sa 25/26 SMG - "Attack of the Hawkmen" 1995
Dead Man's Tale (Chto skazal pokoynik) French police Sa 25 2000
Grazhdanin nachalnik Vladimir Vdovichenkov Kolya the Afghan Sa 26 2001
Sergey Pinchuk "Valet"
The Inspector Lynley Mysteries A Serbian militant Sa 25 or 26; "In the Blink of an Eye" (S05E04) 2007
Strike Back - Season 4 Various Terrorists Sa 26 / S04E05 - S04E10 2013
Tyrant Abdallah El Akal Fahmy Sa 25 / Episode 2 2014
Tokyo Vampire Hotel Yukimasa Tanimoto Ichiro Yamoto Ep.6 2017

Video Game

Game Title Appears as Note Release Date
Ghost Recon 2001
Call of Duty: Vanguard "RA 225" Added in Season 5 (2022) 2021
Military Conflict: Vietnam 2022


Title Character Note Date
Suisei no Gargantia Pirate 2013

Sanna 77

Sanna 77 - 9x19mm

A 9mm semi-automatic side-folding wire-stocked version, dating from 1977 to 1980. Some sources suggest that some or all Sanna-77s were actually refurbished surplus Sa 25s, with "production" starting in Rhodesia, then moving to South Africa. Some were also sanitized Sa 25s in military configuration.


Title Actor Character Note Date
Whiteout Russian guard Fixed synthetic stock 2009

Kommando LDP

Kommando-LDP "Rhuzi" - 9x19mm

Another 9mm semi-automatic version, produced in South Africa. This differed from most previous variants in having a large grey plastic pistol-grip that extended almost to the muzzle, and a wire stock that folded underneath the weapon, rather than to the side, the butt being inverted so it could still be used as a fore-grip. Some sources claim that "LDP" refers to refers to the names of the manufacturer and designer - Lacoste Engineering and a Mr Pointer respectively - rather than "land defence pistol," as per previously, and that it was also known as the "Lacoste LDP." Although sold as semi-automatic, the Kommando-LDP has a reputation for inadvertent full-auto fire, and is reputedly easily convertible to that mode permanently.


Title Actor Character Note Date
The Gods Must Be Crazy Sam Boga's terrorist gang 1980
American Ninja 2: The Confrontation US Marines and The Lion's guards 1987
American Ninja 3: Blood Hunt Guards 1989
Mad Max: Fury Road Rock Rider Chief 2015
Resident Evil: The Final Chapter Rola Cobalt 2017


Show Title Actor Character Note / Episode Air Date
Knights of God Knights Some converted to full-auto 1987

Cobra LDP

Cobra LDP - 9x19mm

The Cobra LDP is a semi-auto variant of Sa 23 SMG using Uzi magazines.


Title Actor Character Note Date
American Ninja 3: Blood Hunt Andreas' henchman With barrel extension 1989

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