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Longest Day, The

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The Longest Day (1962)

The Longest Day is the 1962 World War II film based on the non fiction novel of the same name written by Cornelius Ryan that chronicles the Allied invasion of France on D-Day, June 6, 1944. The 3-hour epic was overseen by 4 directors (Ken Annakin, Bernhard Wicki, Gerd Oswald, and Darryl F. Zanuck) and featured an international cast of 42 prominent actors including Kenneth More, Richard Todd, Richard Burton, Robert Mitchum, Sean Connery, Henry Fonda, Red Buttons, Leo Genn, Peter Lawford, John Wayne, Irina Demick, Paul Anka, Eddie Albert, Steve Forrest, Jeffrey Hunter, Sal Mineo, Edmond O'Brien, George Segal, Rod Steiger, Robert Wagner and Stuart Whitman. The film would also feature early roles for a future James Bond (Sean Connery) as well as two future Bond villains (Gert Fröbe) and (Curd Jürgens). The Longest Day held the record for the most expensive black and white picture made until the release of Schindler's List in 1993.


The following weapons were used in the film The Longest Day:


Handguns

Luger P08

The Luger P08 Pistol is seen in the hands of a French Resistance fighter, Jean (Maurice Poli), as well as a German Hauptmann (Captain) (Hans Söhnker).

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
French Resistance fighter Jean holding a Luger P08.

Webley Mk. VI

A Webley Mk VI revolver is seen in the hands of RAF Flying Officer David Campbell (Richard Burton) near the end of the film.

Webley Mark VI - .455 Webley
RAF Flying Officer David Campbell (Richard Burton) holding a Webley Mk VI Revolver as he meets up with Private Arthur 'Dutch' Schultz (Richard Beymer).

Colt M1911A1

The M1911A1 is briefly seen in the holsters of numerous US Army officers in the film, including Brig. Gen. Norman Cota (Robert Mitchum), Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin H. Vandervoort (John Wayne) and Col. Thompson (Eddie Albert).

World War II issued Colt M1911A1 - .45 ACP
The M1911A1 is briefly seen in the holster of Col. Thompson (Eddie Albert).
The M1911A1 seen in the holster of Brig. Gen. Norman Cota (Robert Mitchum).

Submachine Guns

M1 Thompson

The M1 Thompson is notably used by Airborne troops including Pvt. Arthur 'Dutch' Schultz (Richard Beymer), Pvt. Martini (Sal Mineo), and Pvt. John Steele (Red Buttons).

M1 Thompson with 30-round magazine - .45 ACP
Private Arthur 'Dutch' Schultz (Richard Beymer) holds an M1 Thompson.
Note the cheap "L" sight.
Pvt. Martini (Sal Mineo) holds the M1 Thompson.
An 82nd Airborne trooper opens fire with his M1 Thompson while still in his parachute.
An M1 Thompson is used by a US Army Ranger (portrayed by Fabian Forte).
Pvt. John Steele (Red Buttons) takes up his M1 Thompson.

M1A1 Thompson

The M1A1 Thompson is also seen carried by US Army forces, notably US Army Rangers who are seen in the assault of Pointe-du-Hoc at Normandy.

M1A1 Thompson - .45 ACP
A US Army Ranger (played by Paul Anka) prepares to fire the M1A1 Thompson.

M3 "Grease Gun"

The M3 "Grease Gun" is briefly seen in the hands of a member of the Canadian Scottish Brigade that lands on Sword Beach.

M3 "Grease Gun" - .45 ACP
A Canadian Scottish Brigadier behind Pvt. Flanagan (Sean Connery) carries an M3 "Grease Gun".

Sten Mk. II

The Sten Mk II is seen carried by British Airborne troops, Free French Commandos, and Allied troops during the landings.

Sten Mark II - 9x19mm
British Airborne Major John Howard (Richard Todd) with a Sten MkII Sub Machine Gun.

Sten Mk. III

In some scenes, the Sten Mk II of the French paratroopers became the Sten Mk III.

Sten Mark III - 9x19mm
Cmdr. Kieffer (Christian Marquand) with his Sten Mk III, in the next scene he carries an Mk II again.

Sten Mk. V

Another French paratrooper is seen with a Sten Mk V.

Sten Markk V - 9x19mm
The paratrooper holds the Sten while jumping out the window.

MP40

MP40s are carried by German forces throughout the film.

Maschinenpistole 40 - 9x19mm
A German Soldier fires an MP40.
A German Soldier opens fire on US Rangers with an MP40 during the assault at Pointe-du-Hoc.

Rifles

M1 Garand

M1 Garands are seen carried by Airborne troops as well as Allied forces during the D-Day landings.

M1 Garand - .30-06
Lt. Col. Benjamin Vandervoort (John Wayne) of the 82nd Airborne holding a M1 Rifle that he is using as a crutch (note the paratrooper in rear with anachronistic Korean War-vintage M1 carbine)
US forces armed with M1 Garands make the landing on Omaha Beach.

M1 Carbine

The M1 Carbine is carried by Airborne troops, French Resistance, and Allied forces during the landings. All the models seen are seen with the inaccurate bayonet lug and none are the paratrooper versions.

Korean War Era M1 Carbine - .30 Carbine
Janine Boitard (Irina Demick) with the M1 Carbine.
An 82nd Airborne trooper holds an M1 Carbine after landing in Normandy. He is holding an M1 with a full stock instead of the correct paratrooper variant.
Private Morris (Roddy McDowall) with his M1 Carbine on Utah Beach. The dead Sergeant next to him also has an M1 Carbine.

Steyr Mannlicher-Schönauer

Brigadier Lord Lovat (Peter Lawford) carries a Steyr Mannlicher-Schoenauer Carbine while leading his men onto Sword Beach. However, according to Bill Millet, the piper whom Lovat famously ordered to pipe the men ashore in defiance of regulations, Lord Lovat carried an M1 Garand on D-Day, not a Mannlicher or his famous "old Winchester lever gun" he reputedly carried ashore at Dieppe.

Steyr Mannlicher-Schönauer Carbine - 6.5x54mm
Brigadier Lord Lovat (Peter Lawford) carrying a Steyr Mannlicher-Schoenauer Carbine.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk. I

Seen in the hands of British soldiers and Commandos.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mark I - .303 British
British Commando with Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I rifle.

Karabiner 98k

Most of the German soldiers are equipped with Karabiner 98ks. In one scene, an Airborne trooper mistakes the sound of the Karabiner's bolt action for the sound of the "Cricket" clicker.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A German Soldier loads a round into his Karabiner 98k after firing, apparently making the same sound as the "Cricket" clicker.

Mauser Puška vz. 24

Some German soldiers can be seen with VZ-24 Czech Mauser rifles, notably during the opening scene, where a soldier stabs several times with his bayonet in a hay wagon. Due to a continuity error, the Kar98k of Unteroffizier "Kaffeekanne" (Sergeant "coffee pot") (Gert Fröbe) turns into a Czech Mauser.

Puška vz. 24 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Unteroffizier "Kaffeekanne" with a vz. 24 across his back.

Mauser Gewehr 1898

The Mauser Gewehr 1898 is also carried by various German soldiers.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm

Machine Guns

Chatellerault M1924/29

A captured Chatellerault M1924/29 machine gun is wielded by a German Soldier. This is historically accurate as a lot of captured French, Czech, Dutch (etc) weapons were issued to second-line troops such as the garrison forces in France at the time.

Chatellerault MAC 24/29 - 7.5x54mm
The German Soldier firing a Chatellerault M1924/29.

Bren Mk. I

The Bren Mark I is seen used by Allied forces, notably Private Flanagan (Sean Connery) during the Allied landing on Sword Beach.

Bren Mark I - .303 British
Private Flanagan (Sean Connery) holds the Bren during the landing on Sword Beach.
Private Flanagan (Sean Connery) with the Bren gun.

M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle

The M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle, or "B.A.R." is used by Allied forces during the D-Day landings, notably by US Army Rangers during the assault on Pointe-du-Hoc.

M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle without carry handle - .30-06
A US Army Ranger fires a Browning Automatic Rifle on German positions from behind a DUKW during the assault on Pointe-du-Hoc.
A US Army Ranger (played by George Segal) opens fire with the BAR during the assault. In this particular scene, the gun's sound indicates only three rounds being fired semi-automatically, while the muzzle's smoke and movement demonstrate it being actually used for fully automatic fire.

MG42

The MG42 Light Machine Gun is the most frequently seen machine gun used by the German Army in the film.

Maschinengewehr 42 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
German-manned MG42 at Saint Mere-Eglise. In this particular scene the rate of fire (the overlaid audio) is far below that of a regular MG42.
The MG42 is used by German soldiers defending Omaha Beach.

Browning M2

Cmdr. Kieffer (Christian Marquand) is seen standing next to a Browning M2 .50cal Heavy Barrel mounted on Free French M4 Sherman Tank.

Browning M2 Heavy Barrel - .50 cal
Cmdr. Kieffer is seen standing next to a Browning M2 .50cal Heavy Barrel mounted on Free French M4 Sherman Tank.

Browning M2 Quad Mount

When the Airborne troops begin parachuting into Normandy, a German defensive position is seen using what appears to be Browning M2s in a Quad Mount in place of the Quad 2 cm Flak 38.

Browning M2HBs in M51 Quad Mounted System - .50 BMG
Browning M2 .50cal HMG's in Quad Mount at German Defense position
Browning M2 .50cal HMG's in Quad Mount about to be fired.

Maxim MG08

German forces are seen using the Maxim MG08 while battling British Airborne and Free French forces.

Maxim MG08 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The MG08 is seen in a German defensive position on the roof.
The Maxim is seen on the ground to the right.
The Maxim is seen on the ground to the left.

Heavy Weapons

M20B1 "Super Bazooka"

An anachronistic M20B1 "Super Bazooka" is seen carried by a US Army soldier during the landing on Omaha Beach.

M20B1 "Super Bazooka" - 3.5inch
A soldier carries an M20B1 "Super Bazooka" during the landing on Omaha Beach.

PIAT

Free French Forces are seen firing a PIAT at a German position.

Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank (PIAT) - 3.25 in
Free French Forces are seen firing a PIAT at a German position.

Oerlikon 20mm Cannon

An Oerlikon 20mm Cannon is seen used by German forces on top of the casino of Ouistreham.

Oerlikon Cannon - 20mm
An Oerlikon 20mm flak gun atop the Ouistreham casino.

Grenade & Explosives

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

Model 24 Stielhandgranates are used by German forces while defending Pointe-du-Hoc.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate
TLD 31.jpg

Mk II Hand Grenade

The Mk II Hand Grenade is used by US Army Rangers in the assault at Pointe du Hoc.

Mk II hand grenade
At the right, a US Army Ranger (portrayed by Robert Wagner) readies his Mk II Hand Grenade.

Mills Bomb

British troops can be seen using Mills Bombs.

No. 36M Mk. I "Mills Bomb"

Bangalore Torpedoes

US Army engineers led by Sgt (then Lt.) John H. Fuller (Jeffrey Hunter) are seen using Bangalore torpedoes to blow an opening in the German defenses on Omaha Beach.

Crate containing M1A1 Bangalore Torpedoes
US Army engineers led by Sgt (then Lt.) John H. Fuller (Jeffrey Hunter) are seen using Bangalore torpedoes to blow an opening in the German defenses on Omaha Beach.

Other

7.5 cm Pak 40

German soldiers defend the casino of Ouistreham with a 7.5 cm Pak 40.

7.5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone (PaK) 40 - 75x714mm R
TLD pak1.jpg
TLD pak2.jpg

15 cm TbtsK C/36 naval gun

A 15 cm TbtsK C/36 naval gun is seen stationied at Calais.

15 cm TbtsK C/36 naval gun in a Regelbau M272 casemate at the Longues-sur-Mer battery, France.
The TbtsK naval gun on the left.

Bofors 40mm

Bofors 40mm AA guns are seen in German defensive positions.

Bofors 40mm L/60 in wheeled trailer mounting - 40x311mmR
At the left, Bofors 40mm AA-Gun seen in German defensive positions.

M1 Mortar

Several M1 Mortars standing in for the Granatwerfer 34 Mortar are used by German soldiers defending Omaha Beach.

M1 Mortar - 81mm
TLD 99.jpg

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