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20th of December (20-e dekabrya)

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20th of December (20-e dekabrya)
20 dekabrya.jpg
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigori Nikulin
Release Date 1982
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Kirill Lavrov
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Mikhail Kozakov
Pavel Efimovich Dybenko Vladimir Dyukov-Samarskiy
Martin Ivanovich Lacis Andrey Tolubeev
Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov Vladimir Svekolnikov
Grigoriy Ivanovich Petrovskiy Igor Komarov
Boris Viktorovich Savinkov Vladimir Golovin
Sidney George Reilly Sergey Yurskiy

20th of December (a direct translation of original title 20-e dekabrya) is a Soviet 1982 (filmed 1981) historical TV mini series directed by Grigori Nikulin. The story is set in December 1917, soon after the Russian revolution. Soviet power has to struggle against numerous enemies. On December 20, 1917 All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Conter-Revolution and Sabotage, shortly Vcheka (Vserossiyskaya chrezvychaynaya komissiya) or Cheka is founded. It is lead by Felix Dzerzhinsky.

The following weapons were used in the film 20th of December (20-e dekabrya):


Nagant M1895

Both revolutionaries and counter-revolutionaries widely use Nagant M1895 revolvers. All Nagants are of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. This example was dated 1939 manufacture and was a War time issued weapon. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
A Cossack officer (Vladimir Treshchalov) fires his Nagant at members of revolutionary committee.
An Anarchist sailor in shootout.
Sailor Anatoliy Zheleznyak (Yuri Kamornyj) disarms Savinkov's agent Rybkin (Anatoliy Rudakov) who infiltrates Red Guards as Gusev.
Another view of the scene. The angular front sight of post-1930 Nagant can be seen.
Zheleznyak disarms gang leader Kiryakov (Aleksandr Susnin).


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are popular among Bolsheviks and Socialists-Revolutionaries (SRs).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Pavel Dybenko (Vladimir Dyukov-Samarskiy), a sailor turned Narkom (minister) of Navy, carries a Mauser in holster.
An SR sailor (Rudolf Chelishchev) draws his Mauser during the confrontation in a tram.
He is shot and drops the gun.

Mauser C96 "Flatside "

Anatoliy Zheleznyak (Yuri Kamornyj) carries a Mauser C96 "Flatside " pistol.

Italian contract Mauser "Regia Marina", also known as "Flatside" - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Anatoliy Zheleznyak carries a Mauser in holster.
Zheleznyak fires in shootout with SR fighters.
Zheleznyak holds his Mauser during the operation against SR group.
Zheleznyak holds a C96 "Flatside" during the arrest of SR leader Lazarev (Emmanuil Vitorgan). Note the large ring hammer and slab sides.
Zheleznyak's "Flatside" is seen during the arrest of Kiryakov...
...and during the shootout with SR fighters.

Mauser C96 M1920 "Rework" Model

One of Chekists (Viktor Terekhov) is armed with a version of C96 that appears to be an M1920 "Rework" Model.

Mauser C96 "Red 9" in "Rework" configuration with 3 7/8" barrel and fixed sight - 9x19mm
A moustached man at the right holds a Mauser C96 with short barrel and fixed sight.

Luger P08

A Luger P08 is a personal handgun of Felix Dzerzhinsky (Mikhail Kozakov). Also a Luger is seen in hands of a female robber (Tatyana Tkach), a member of Count Eboli's gang (she is also seen with a CZ 27, see below).

Luger P08 - 9x19mm
Dzerzhinsky holds his pistol during the rampage on wine warehouses.
The female robber draws her pistol...
...and fires.

FN Model 1922

Anachronistic FN Model 1922 is one of the handguns of Boris Savinkov (Vladimir Golovin).

FN Model 1922 - .32 ACP

CZ 27

Anachronistic CZ 27 pistol is another Savinkov's handgun. The abovementioned female robber (Tatyana Tkach) is seen with a CZ 27 that later switches to a Luger.

CZ 27 - .32 ACP
The female robber draws her pistol in the scene in Count Eboli's (Georgiy Drozd) apartments.
Savinkov's FN Model 1922 and CZ 27 pistols.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Original Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are used by Red Guards.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Red Guards with M91 rifles are seen in the opening scene that is reused from Lenin v oktyabre (1937).
Revolutionary soldiers and sailors appear to protect wine warehouses during the rampage.
A sailor holds M91 rifle with bayonet in the same scene.
Rybkin alias Gusev (Anatoliy Rudakov) holds his rifle (at the right) in the same scene.
A Red Guard escort arrested employees of Russian state bank who decline to work for Soviet power.
A Red Guard escorts arrested SR leader Lazarev.
A Red Guard with M91 rifle.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, standing for original M91s, are also used by revolutionary soldiers and Red Guards.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
A member of revolutionary committee (Valeri Poroshin) guards arrested Generals of Russian Imperial Army.
Rybkin alias Gusev (Anatoliy Rudakov) carries M91/30 rifle.
He bayonets a former police detective who uncovers his true identity.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Sniper Rifle

In one scene an SR fighter uses an anchronistic version of M91/30, fitted with VP or PE sniper scope.

Mosin Nagant M91/30 Sniper Rifle with PU 3.5x sniper scope - 7.62x54mm R
The rifle on table.
A sniper readies to fire.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Several Red Guards are armed with anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines.

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A Red Guard stops a crowd during the rampage on wine warehouses.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Red Guards. A Maxim is also seen in criminals' den.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Red Guards use a Maxim to stop rampage on wine warehouses.
A Maxim on Red Guards car.
A Maxim is seen in Smolny, the headquarters of Bolsheviks.
A Maxim in criminals' den.


76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

The 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
A 76.2mm M1902 field gun is seen in the opening scene that is reused from Lenin v oktyabre (1937).


Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are seen in footage of Russian revolution.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Revolutionaries with M91 rifles.
Red Guards arm themselves with M91 rifles. This scene is taken from Oktyabr (1927).
Red Guards with M91 rifles.

Arisaka Type 30

Arisaka Type 30 rifles are seen in documentary footage of Russian revolution. A large number of Arisaka Type 30 and Type 38 was purchased by Russian Empire from Japan in 1915-1917.

Arisaka Type 30 rifle - 6.5x50mmSR Arisaka
Revolutionary sailors carry Arisaka Type 30 rifles. White more modern Type 38s were issued to Russian frontline troops, Type 30s were used by Baltic Fleet.

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are seen in documentary footage of Russian revolution.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Revolutionary sailors with a Maxim M1910.

Vickers Mk.I

A British Army Vickers Mk.I machine gun on AA mounting is seen in documentary footage of Great War.

Vickers gun with ribbed water jacket - .303 British
A Vickers on AA mount.

Vickers 2-pounder "Pom-Pom"

Vickers 2-pounder "Pom-Pom" autocannons on static mounts are seen in documentary footage of Russian revolution. 2-pounder "Pom-Pom" autocannons were purchased by Russian Army and Navy during the Great War and used on ships, armoured cars and static AA mountings.

Red Guards with a "Pom-Pom".

Armoured Cars

A half-track armoured car. Only two such vehicles, designed by Col. Gulkevich, were produced: Ilya Muromets and Akhtyrets. Each armoured car was armed with 76.2mm M1910 gun and two Maxim machine guns.
Another view of Gulkevich armoured car.
Renault-Mgebrov armoured car. It is armed with two Maxims in gun turrets. This scene is reused from Oktyabr (1927).


3-inch M1902 field gun on railway flatcar.
A field gun of German Imperial Army.
British Ordnance BL 12-inch Gun Mk IX railway gun.

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