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Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre)

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Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre)
Lenin v oktyabre Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Mikhail Romm
Release Date 1937
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Boris Shchukin
Vasily Nikolai Okhlopkov
Matveyev Vasili Vanin
Josef Vissarionovich Stalin Semyon Goldshtab
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Vladimir Pokrovskiy
Blinov Nikolai Arsky
Aleksandr Feodorovich Kerenski Aleksandr Kovalevskiy
Valerian Rutkovskiy Nikolai Svobodin

Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre) is a Soviet B&W 1937 historical drama, directed by Mikhail Romm. It depicts the events of Russian October Revolution 1917 and the personality of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin. The movie is the first part of dilogy, followed by Lenin in 1918 (Lenin v 1918 godu) (1939).

The following weapons were used in the film Lenin in October (Lenin v oktyabre):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by revolutionaries, notably Vasily (Nikolai Okhlopkov), Matveyev (Vasili Vanin) and Blinov (Nikolai Arsky), and officers of Russian Army.

Russian Nagant 1895, produced 1920s - 7.62x38R Nagant. The rounded front sight is a sign of revolvers produced from 1890s until 1930.
Bolshevik Comrade Vasily, a personal envoy and bodyguard of Vladimir Lenin, has his Nagant on table.
An officer opposes Red Guards. He carries a Nagant in holster.
Another officer draws his revolver.
Officers at left and right hold Nagants.
Blinov, a commander of Red Guards unit, leads his men during the storming of the Winter Palace.
Bolshevik Matveyev (in cener) declares the ministers of Provisional Government that they are under arrest.

Rast-Gasser M1898

A Rast-Gasser M1898 revolver is personal sidearm of Russian Army Poruchik (Lt.) Nikolay Nikolaevich Kirilin (Nikolai Chaplygin). In the scene on the telephone station Bolshevik Matveyev (Vasili Vanin) uses a Rast-Gasser revolver (later he is seen with a Nagant).

Austrian Rast Gasser 1898 - 8x27mm Gasser
Poruchik Kirilin fires his Gasser.
Another view of Kirilin's revolver.
Matveyev holds his Gasser in the scene on telephone station.
Kirilin fires his revolver during the storming in the Winter Palace.


FN Model 1900

In one scene Vasily (Nikolai Okhlopkov) suggests Lenin (Boris Shchukin) an FN Model 1900 pistol for self-defence but the leader of Bolsheviks declines. It's worth noting that in reality Lenin owned an FN 1900 pistol but it was later, in 1918-1919.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP

Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are briefly seen in hands of Red Guards during the storming of the Winter Palace.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
A sailor with Mauser C96.
A soldier with Mauser C96.
A Red Guard with Mauser C96.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are widely used by revolutionary and counter-revolutionary forces. Vast majority of them are Infantry rifles but some M91 Dragoon are also seen.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle in original configuration - 7.62x54mm R
Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Red Guards with M91 Infantry rifles.
Vasily (Nikolai Okhlopkov) examines a rifle of a Red Guard.
Numerous M91 rifles are seen during the conflict between revolutionary workers and the proponents of the Provisional Government.
Revolutionary soldiers march on street. This scene was reused in 1974 film Rozhdyonnaya revolyutsiey: Trudnaya osen as a documentary footage.
Revolutionary soldiers with M91 rifles. This scene was reused in 1982 mini series 20-e dekabrya as a documentary footage.
Red Guards storm the Winter Palace.
An M91 Dragoon is seen at the right.

Gras Model 1874

What appear to be Gras Model 1874 rifles are seen in hands of Red Guards during the storming of the Winter Palace. Russia purchased 450,000 Gras rifles in France in 1916.

Gras Mle 1874 - 11x59mm Gras
A bayonet that looks like French Yatagan sword bayonet is seen in cener. Such bayonets were issued for Chassepot rifles but also used with Gras.
Raised buttstock of supposed Gras rifle is seen.
Supposed Gras rifle is seen in center.
A good view of the upper barrel band that matches the Gras rifle (in center).
A Red Guard in center holds a Gras.
A Gras rifle is seen at the right.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Russian Army, Red Guards and defenders of the Provisional Government.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim in trench on frontline.
Two Maxims are mounted on Red Guards Austin armoured car.
A Maxim on barricade at the Winter Palace.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenade

Red Guards use RG-14 (or RG-14/30) hand grenades.

RG-14 Russian hand grenade
Red Guards prepare grenades.
Another view of the same scene.
A Red sailor throws a grenade.
A sailor with a grenade in his belt.

Mills Bomb

A hand grenade that resembles Mills Bomb is carried by a Red Guard.

No. 36M Mk.I "Mills Bomb" High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade.
A soldier at the left carries a grenade that appears to be a Mills Bomb.



An officer carries a Nagant in holster.
Poruchik Kirilin carries a holster for FN Model 1910.
Kirilin uses a Nagant holster for his Rast-Gasser revolver.

76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

The 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902 are seen in several scenes.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
A 3-inch field gun at the entrance of Smolny. This scene was reused in 1982 mini series 20-e dekabrya as a documentary footage.
Defenders of the Winter Palace deploy a 3-inch gun on barricade.


Numerous Austin Armoured Cars are seen throughout the movie. These are 2nd series Austins, with parallel placed turrets and sloped rooftop.

Austin 2nd series armoured car.
The turrets are turned backwards. This particular armoured car doesn't carries machine guns.
Another view of an Austin.
This Austin is armed with two Maxims.


Cruiser Avrora, a famous participant of Russian Revolution, is seen in several scenes. The outlook of the ship is slightly different from the one in October 1917, as in 1920s Avrora passed repair and modernization, including rearming from 152mm/L45 main guns to modern 130mm/L55.

Avrora on Neva river.
130mm guns are seen.

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