Type 91 MANPADS
The Type 91 MANPADS is a Japanese man-portable surface-to-air missile system developed in the 80s due to Japanese dissatisfaction with early FIM-92 Stinger variants. The project began in 1982 using a seeker design which had been in development since 1979: for perspective, this was when the Stinger was still the initial, easily spoofed IR-only FIM-92A model.
While it is sometimes dismissed as a straight copy of Stinger and it is certainly heavily based on it, the Type 91 is in several ways a more advanced system, in particular in that it uses imaging infrared instead of contrast infrared: like all Stingers starting with the FIM-92B, it combines this with a UV seeker to defeat countermeasures.
It is also slightly lighter, despite using a higher-caliber missile, though the tradeoff is that the Type 91's missile is slightly slower.
(Original - Developed 1982-1990, adopted 1991, first use 1994: Kai Upgrade - 2007-Present)
- Type: MANPADS
- Caliber: 80mm
- Capacity: 1 Missile
- Fire Modes: Single shot, Imaging Infrared/Ultraviolet Homing
The Type 91 MANPADS and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:
|Fate/Zero||Kiritsugu||Episode "Where Justice is Found"||2011-2012|
|Coppelion||Ibara Naruse||Kai Variant, first used in "Hope", referred to as the "Hand Arrow"||2013|
|Grisaia no Kajitsu||Travis||Episode 13||2014|
How to tell the FIM-92 Stinger from the Type 91 MANPADS
The Type 91 MANPADS is visually very similar to the FIM-92 Stinger.