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Two Lives (Dve zhizni)

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Two Lives (Dve zhizni)
Dve zhizni Poster.jpg
Original Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Leonid Lukov
Release Date 1961
Language Russian
Studio Gorky Film Studio
Main Cast
Character Actor
Semyon Vostrikov Nikolay Rybnikov
Capt. Prince Sergey Aleksandrovich Nashchyokin Vyacheslav Tikhonov
Countess Irina Aleksandrovna Obolenskaya nee Nashchyokina Margarita Volodina
Nyusha Nikitina Eleonora Nechayeva
Nikolay Ignatyev Lev Polyakov
Ivan Petrenko Stanislav Chekan
Podporuchik Kirill Nikolaevich Borozdin Vladimir Druzhnikov

Two Lives (Dve zhizni) is a 1961 Soviet two part B&W historical drama movie directed by Leonid Lukov. During the Russian Revolution 1917 soldier Semyon Vostrikov (Nikolay Rybnikov) and officer Prince Sergey Nashchyokin (Vyacheslav Tikhonov) are on opposite sides. But Vostrikov falls in love to Nashchyokin's sister Irina (Margarita Volodina). The continuation of the story follows in 1960 when Vostrikov, currently a retired General of the Soviet Army, visits Marseille on a tourist trip, and Nashchyokin who emigrated from Soviet Russia works there as a waiter in a restaurant.

The following weapons were used in the film Two Lives (Dve zhizni):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are service sidearms of the officers of the Russian Army, notably seen in hands of Capt. Prince Sergey Aleksandrovich Nashchyokin (Vyacheslav Tikhonov). Most revolvers are of post-1930 version but in one scene an unnamed officer (Aleksandr Zakharov) holds a correct pre-1930 Nagant.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Russian Nagant 1895, produced 1920s - 7.62x38R Nagant. The rounded front sight is a sign of revolvers produced from 1890s until 1930.
The unnamed Colonel (Andrei Kostrichkin), the commander of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment, draws his revolver, ordering the soldiers to stop the demonstration.
The Colonel aims at revolutionary minded Podporuchik (2nd Lt. rank) Borozdin.
Capt. Nashchyokin, an officer of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment, holds his head after being hit by Semyon Vostrikov. The lanyard of his Nagant is seen.
A revolutionary student aims a Nagant at arrested old Princess Nashchyokina, Sergey Nashchyokin's grandmother.
Capt. Nashchyokin's revolver holster is a Soviet universal pattern for Nagant and TT-33.
Colonel Yuriy Vasilyevich (Konstantin Mikhaylov) fires at Nashchyokin who accused the Colonel of cowardice after the latter refused to join the monarchists conspiration.
Capt. Nashchyokin covertly cocks his revolver when the Red Guards arrest the conspirators. Note the post-1930 front sight.
Semyon Vostrikov (Nikolay Rybnikov) snatches the Nagant out of Nashchyokin's hands when the Captain tries to commit suicide.
The grip of the Nagant is seen in Podporuchik Kirill Nikolaevich Borozdin's (Vladimir Druzhnikov) holster. This holster is also a Soviet universal Nagant-TT pattern.
An officer in the tram (Aleksandr Zakharov) draws a pre-1930 Nagant.

Various handguns

Some pistols and revolvers are very briefly seen in several scenes, sometimes in holsters. They unlikely can be identified.

A Colonel of Preobrazhensky Regiment (Viktor Chekmaryov) carries a pistol in holster. The holster is a typical German pattern for compact pistols. A small portion of the grip is seen.
Two pistols are seen on the floor when officers of the Tsar's retinue surrender their weapons. These are likely hammerless pistols of unclear model.
The commander of the Petrograd military district Gen. Polovtsev (Sergei Kurilov) carries a pistol holster, likely a German pattern for compact pistols.
The handgun in the holster seems to be a revolver rather than a pistol. The lanyard is seen.
Baron Ungern (Grigoriy Kirillov) fires a pistol at Red Guards.


Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon

Most rifles, seen in the movie, are Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon (and/or the pre-1935 version of Mosin Nagant M1891/30). Numerous soldiers of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment, including Semyon Vostrikov (Nikolay Rybnikov), Ivan Petrenko (Stanislav Chekan), "Graf" (Georgiy Yumatov), and unnamed soldiers (Arkadi Trusov, Aleksandr Susnin, Mikhail Vasilyev, Vsevolod Tyagushev, Aleksey Bakhar), Red Guards and the defenders of the Provisional Government carry these rifles during the revolutionary events of 1917.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon - 7.62x54mm R
Soldiers of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment with M91 Dragoon rifles during the February Revolution 1917.
Another view of the same scene (Georgiy Yumatov as "Graf" at the foreground). Note the original M91 rear sight and hex receiver of the rifle at the foreground.
Soldiers aim at the demonstration but refuse to open fire.
Soldier Ivan Petrenko, a Bolshevik, brandishes his rifle.
Semyon Vostrikov holds a rifle in the scene in Nashchyokin's house. A Bebout M1907 dagger is seen on his belt - a correct choice as Bebout was a service weapon of the artillerymen and machine gun crewmembers.
"Graf" holds an M91 Dragoon rifle.
Petrenko carries an M91 Dragoon rifle (an original M91 bayonet is seen).
M91 Dragoon rifles in the gun rack.
Vostrikov, being on guard at the room where arrested officers are held, aims his rifle at Irina Obolenskaya, sister of arrested Sergey Nashchyokin.
During the unrest in July 1917, "Graf" fires at a machine gun on the attic. The original M91 front sight is seen.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry

Some soldiers of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry rifles.

Full-length, Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 - 7.62x54mm R
Soldiers aim rifles at the demonstration during the February Revolution 1917. An M91 Infantry rifle is seen at the foreground.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, identified by the hooded front sights, are also used by the soldiers.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
Soldiers of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment with M91 Dragoon and M91/30 (at the foreground) rifles during the February Revolution 1917 (Arkadi Trusov as a bearded soldier). Note the M91/30 rear sight and cylinder receiver of the rifle at the foreground.
Dve zhizni-Mosin91-30-2.jpg
The soldiers of the Provisional Government troops with M91/30 rifles guard the disarmed soldiers of the Machine Gun Regiment. The hooded front sights, M91/30 bayonets and rear sights are seen.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Sniper Rifle

In the mass scene during the February Revolution 1917, one of the soldiers carries a Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Sniper Rifle, without the sniper scope but identified due to the turned down bolt handle.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Sniper Rifle with PU 3.5x sniper scope and down turned bolt handle - 7.62x54mm R
A Mosin Nagant rifle with turned down bolt handle is seen at the background center.

Custom Mosin Nagant

In one scene a regimental bugler carries a short Mosin Nagant rifle that appears to be a custom shortened M1891 or M1891/30 rifle, visually modified to resemble an M1907 Carbine. Same props can be seen in a number of Gorky Film Studio production, like Khleb, zoloto, nagan or Ne stavte Leshemu kapkany....

For comparison: Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
A bugler carries a short-barreled Mosin Nagant rifle that turns out to be a fake "M07 Carbine".

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Most machine guns of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment are original Maxim M1910s with smooth water jackets.

Maxim M1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
The soldiers of the 1st Machine Gun Regiment with the machine guns.
The barrels of two M1910 machine guns, firing at revolutionary crowd, are seen.
Dve zhizni-Maxim-7.jpg
Old Princess Nashchyokina (Elena Gogoleva), Sergey Nashchyokin's grandmother, fires one of these Maxims. Another Maxim at the background is manned by Police personnel.
The troops of the Provisional Government mount Maxims on the attic of a house during the unrest in July 1917.
Capt. Sergey Nashchyokin (Vyacheslav Tikhonov), dressed in soldier uniform, fires a Maxim while Vostrikov tries to stop him.
Dve zhizni-Maxim-12.jpg
The machine guns of the Provisional Government troops fire at the crowd.
Soldiers hide the machine guns in the sewing workshop. Seamstress Frosya (Muza Krepkogorskaya) carries a Maxim.
A soldier (Vladimir Marenkov) carries a Maxim in the same scene.

Maxim M1910/30

In the mass scenes Maxim M1910/30 machine guns are seen, both base model and 1941 modification with a top hatch on the water jacket.

Maxim M1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim M1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
Dve zhizni-Maxim-2.jpg
The soldiers carry Maxims. Some machine guns are of 1941 modification.
Borozdin, a member of Social Revolutionary party, persuades the soldiers to surrender the machine guns to the Provisional Government.

Other Weapons

SPSh Flare Pistol

During the meeting of the soldiers of the regiment, Bolshevik Nikolay Ignatyev (Lev Polyakov) shoots an anachronistic SPSh Flare Pistol to draw attention. While SPSh appeared only in 1944, the WWI era flare pistols have generally similar appearance.

SPSh Flare Pistol - 26.5 mm
Ignatyev readies the flare pistol.
He shoots in air.
Another view of Ignatyev's SPSh.

RG-14 Hand Grenade

Semyon Vostrikov (Nikolay Rybnikov) and several revolutionary sailors carry RG-14 hand grenades (or RG-14/30) during the events of the October Revolution 1917.

RG-14 Russian hand grenade (Model 1914 grenade)
Revolutionary sailors carry stick hand grenades tucked in the belts (these grenades are seen only in distance and may be mere mockups).
During the arrest of the monarchist conspirators in Nashchyokin's house, Vostrikov draws a grenade.
Dve zhizni-Grenade-3.jpg
Vostrikov readies the grenade to break a locked door.


Replicas of Austin armored cars are used in several scenes.

Dve zhizni-ArmoredCar-1.jpg
Vladimir Lenin stands on an armored car to make a speach upon arriving to Petrograd in April 1917 (a well known historical event, often recreated in Soviet films about the revolution).

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