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The Vyborg Side (Vyborgskaya storona)

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The Vyborg Side (Vyborgskaya storona)
Vyborgskaya storona Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigoriy Kozintsev
Leonid Trauberg
Release Date 1939
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Maksim Ivanovich Lisitsin Boris Chirkov
Natalya Artemyeva Valentina Kibardina
Yevdokia Ivanovna Kozlova Natalya Uzhviy
Platon Vasilyevich Dymba Mikhail Zharov
Mishchenko Aleksandr Chistyakov
Yegor Bugai Yuriy Tolubeev
Ropshin Dmitri Dudnikov
Andrey Yefimovich Turaev Anatoliy Kuznetsov
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Maksim Shtraukh

The Vyborg Side (Vyborgskaya storona, also released in English as New Horizons) is a Soviet 1939 (filmed 1938) historical drama directed by Grigoriy Kozintsev and Leonid Trauberg. This is the third part of Maxim Trilogy, predated by The Youth of Maxim (1935) and The Return of Maxim (1937). The third part depicts Maxim Ivanovich Lisitsin (Boris Chirkov) after the October revolution 1917. Maksim stands in charge of the State Bank of Russia, uncovers an anti-Bolsheviks conspiracy and at last joins the Red Army. The film was named after the Vyborg Side, an industrial area in Petrograd where many Red Guard units were formed.

Note: the first part of the trilogy, The Youth of Maxim (Yunost Maksima) (1935), lacks any firearms and so isn't listed on IMFDB.

The following weapons were used in the film The Vyborg Side (Vyborgskaya storona):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by Bolsheviks and Red Guards, notably Maksim Ivanovich Lisitsin (Boris Chirkov) and Natalya Artemyeva (Valentina Kibardina), and counter-revolutionaries, notably Anarchist Platon Vasilyevich Dymba (Mikhail Zharov) and one of the leaders of Socialists-Revolutionaries (SRs) Ropshin (Dmitri Dudnikov). Most, if not all Nagants appear to be of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Maksim, the commissar of Red Guards, holds a Nagant during the arrest of the Provisional Government in the Winter Palace.
Natalya Artemyeva, the commissar of the Council of the Vyborg Side, puts her Nagant in holster.
Maksim stops the crowd during the attempted looting of liquor stores.
Platon Dymba makes an attempt to shoot a witness on the revolutionary tribunal.
Dymba fires at Red Guards.
Maksim holds a Nagant when he, in head of the Red Guards, arrests conspirators.
Ropshin (in center) draws a Nagant. An officer at the right (Konstantin Mikhaylov) also holds a Nagant.
Sailor Zheleznyakov (Boris Blinov) carries a Nagant in holster in addition to his Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine. The lanyard is seen.
The lanyard ring on the grip of Zheleznyakov's Nagant can be seen.
Maksim carries a Nagant in holster when he bids farewell to Natasha before going to front.

Short-barreled Nagant M1895

Red Guard Yegor Bugai (Yuriy Tolubeev) uses a short-barreled Nagant M1895. Sources about shortened Nagants vary: were they produced in Russian Empire or this version appeared only in 1920s (this is more credible).

Nagant M1895 Revolver with 3.3" barrel - 7.62x38R Nagant
Vyborgskaya storona-Nagant-3.jpg
Vyborgskaya storona-Nagant-4.jpg
Bugai fires his short-barreled Nagant at a counter-revolutionary who wounded Natasha Artemyeva.



One of the officers-conspirators is seen with an M1911 pistols. A large number of M1911s in .45 Colt and .455 Webley calibers was purchased by Russian Empire during the Great War, so this pistol wasn't uncommon in Russia in 1917.

Colt M1911 - .45 ACP
An officer in center draws an M1911 pistol.
Another view of the pistol.
The slide is seen.
The grip is seen when the officer surrenders his gun.

Unidentified pistol

Another officer-conspirator holds a pistol that is seen only partially. It is possibly a Luger P08 but it's only a guess.

For comparison: Luger P08 - 9x19mm
A man at the left draws a pistol. The back of the gun resembles a Luger but seems to be too slim.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Red Guards are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles, mostly of Infantry version.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Red Guards with M91 rifles in Smolny, the headquarters of Bolsheviks, in the days of the October revolution 1917.
Yegor Bugai (Yuriy Tolubeev) carries an M91 Infantry rifle.
A good view of the barrel of Bugai's rifle.
Aged revolutionary worker, Red Guard Mishchenko (Aleksandr Chistyakov) holds an M91 rifle (at the left).
Another view of Mishchenko's rifle.
Red Guard Vasiliy (Aleksandr Kulakov) carries an M91 Infantry rifle.
A Red Guard (Vladimir Volchik) holds an M91 Infantry rifle at the left.
A Red Guard with M91 Infantry rifle in the scene on the revolutionary tribunal.
Red Guards (Mishchenko at the left) aim at conspirators.
Petrograd Red Guards go to front. This scene is reused in Boyevoy kinosbornik No. 1 (1941).

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine

Sailor Zheleznyakov (Boris Blinov) carries a Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine in the well known historical scene of the disperse of All Russian Constituent Assembly.

Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Vyborgskaya storona-Mosin07-1.jpg
Vyborgskaya storona-Mosin07-2.jpg
Vyborgskaya storona-Mosin07-3.jpg
Zheleznyakov with the M07 Carbine. He also carries a Nagant M1895 revolver in holster.
The guard is tired. I propose that you close the meeting and let everybody go home, announces Zheleznyakov.

Machine Guns


A Maxim machine gun, supposedly M1910, is briefly seen in the Council of the Vyborg Side.

Maxim 1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim on Sokolov mount and without shield is seen at the background.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenade

Yegor Bugai (Yuriy Tolubeev) carries an RG-14 hand grenade.

Model 1914 Russian hand grenade
Vyborgskaya storona-Grenade-1.jpg
Bugai shows his grenade to Maksim and explains that the grenade is "empty"; the lack of the fuze can be seen.
Vyborgskaya storona-Grenade-3.jpg
A side view of the grenade.
Bugai carries the grenade in his belt.

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