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The Alamo (2004)

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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The Alamo
Alamo ver2.jpg
Movie Poster
Country Flag of the United States.jpg United States
Directed by John Lee Hancock
Release Date April 9, 2004
Language English
Studio Touchstone Pictures
Imagine Entertainment
Distributor Buena Vista Pictures Distribution
Main Cast
Character Actor
Sam Houston Dennis Quaid
Davy Crockett Billy Bob Thornton
James Bowie Jason Patric
William Travis Patrick Wilson
Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana Emilio Echevarría
Juan Seguin Jordi Mollà
Sgt. William Ward Leon Rippy

The Alamo is a 2004 historical drama directed by John Lee Hancock and based on the legendary 13-day siege of the Alamo Mission in what is now modern-day San Antonio, Texas. The battle was not strategically important but was pivotal in uniting the resolve of Texans in the Texas Revolution of 1835-1836 (in which Texas declared itself an independent Republic and fought for independence from the Mexican Republic).

The following weapons were used in the film The Alamo:

Kentucky Flintlock Rifle

Davy Crockett (Billy Bob Thornton) most notably uses a Kentucky/Pennsylvania long rifle during his attempted shot at Santa Anna (Emilio Echevarría) but he supposedly misses due to the wind. While Kentucky Long Rifles were used during the battle, nearly all of the defenders carried a mish-mash of whatever weapon was available, with no weapon being a truly "standard issue".

Kentucky Rifle - .36 caliber
Davy Crockett (Billy Bob Thornton) rests with his Kentucky rifle.

Charleville Mle. 1766

This surplus French gun was commonly used by the defenders of the Alamo. The Charleville Mle. 1766 went through a series of modifications since its inception and all variants found their way to America somehow. However, it is difficult to see which year pattern is used in the film, since there are no closeups of the pan and frizzen side of the gun. For the sake of historical accuracy, the Model 1766 French Charleville Infantry Musket was the most common Charleville seen at the siege.

Charleville Modèle 1766 - 69 caliber
An Alamo defender fires a Charleville 1766.
Micajah Autry (Kevin Page) fires his Charleville 1766.

Flintlock Pistol

Gen. Sam Houston (Dennis Quaid) and Lt. Col. William B. Travis (Patrick Wilson) keep flintlock pistols as their sidearms. Col. James Bowie (Jason Patric) is given two flintlock pistols when he is too sick and stuck in bed.

Flintlock Pistol
The Alamo pistol 1.jpg
Col. James Bowie (Jason Patric) grabs two pistols.

Double Barreled Flintlock Shotgun

Lt. Col. William B. Travis (Patrick Wilson) and Col. James Bowie (Jason Patric) each carry double-barreled flintlock shotguns throughout the film. They are mostly seen strapped on their backs but Travis is seen most clearly when he shoots a charging Mexican soldier coming at Crockett (Billy Bob Thornton). Jim Bowie assembles his shotgun during the final battle of the Alamo and he uses it to shoot the Mexican soldiers coming in before they bayonet him.

Lt. Col. Travis (Patrick Wilson) fires his double-barreled flintlock shotgun.
The Alamo shotgun 1.jpg
The Alamo shotgun 2.jpg

Brown Bess Flintlock Musket

The Mexican Army under the command of General Santa Anna use the .75 caliber Brown Bess Flintlock Musket, which was the standard issue long gun of the Mexican Army of the time.

Brown Bess - .75 caliber
The Alamo musket 2.jpg

Baker Rifle

Another rifle used by Lt. Col. William B. Travis (Patrick Wilson) on the wall is the British Baker Rifle.

Pattern 1800 Infantry Rifle - .61 caliber
Another rifle used by Lt. Col. William B. Travis (Patrick Wilson) on the wall is a Baker Rifle.

Cavalry Musketoon

Short barreled muskets aka musketoons were seen carried by cavalry soldiers, most evidently by Sam Houston's horsemen.

The Alamo musket 3.jpg
The Alamo musket 4.jpg

Springfield Model 1795

Some Alamo defenders are armed with War of 1812 vintage Springfield Armory Model 1795 muskets.

Springfield Armory Model 1795 - .69 caliber
The Alamo musket 1.jpg

Multibarrel Cannon

The Mexicans utilize some kind of a multibarrel weapon system to fire signal flares during the night assault. The flares were added as special effects during production. There were actually flintlock flare guns from at least the 18th century onward and probably other delivery systems for flares, however, according to Mexican military archives, the Mexican artillery at the Alamo consisted of two four-pounder cannons, two six-pounder cannons, two eight-pounder cannons, and two six-and-a-half inch howitzers. The presence of the multibarrel weapon as depicted in the movie appears to be artistic license.

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