Enemy at the Gates is a 2001 World War II film directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. Jude Law stars in the film as Vasily Zaitsev, an ordinary Russian soldier who became a legend for his feats as a sniper fighting during the Battle of Stalingrad. Ed Harris co-stars in the film as German intelligence officer Major Erwin König, an expert sniper tasked to eliminate Zaitsev. The cast also includes Joseph Fiennes, Rachel Weisz and Bob Hoskins. The film is notable for being one of the few modern English-language films to depict the Eastern Front of the war.
The following weapons were used in the film Enemy at the Gates:
WARNING! THIS PAGE CONTAINS SPOILERS!
Soviet Army Weapons
Mosin Nagant M91/30 Sniper Rifle
Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) uses the sniper variant of the Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifle with a PU scope when he is "promoted" to sniper. The sniper version of the M91/30 is also used by other Soviet snipers, most notably master sniper Koulikov (Ron Perlman), Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz), and junior snipers Volodya (Ivan Shvedoff), Anton (Mario Bandi) and Ludmilla (Sophie Rois). The use of the PU scope is anachronistic, as the Mosin Nagant rifle with PU scope did not appear until 1943, after the Battle of Stalingrad. Zaitsev actually carried a Mosin Nagant with an earlier PEM scope.
Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper variant with Russian PU scope and down-turned bolt handle - 7.62x54mmR
A Mosin Nagant rifle in the hands of Zaitsev's grandfather (Mikhail Matveev) hunting wolves in a flashback sequence. The rifle, supposedly meant to be an M1891, is actually the M91/30 sniper variant, noted by the turned down bolt handle (standard M1891s and M91/30s have straight handles) as well as wooden grooves in the foregrip and the holes drilled through the receiver (as seen in the walls of the chamber) for the scope mount screws.
A close-up of Vasily Zaitsev's (Jude Law
) Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper variant with Russian PU scope and down-turned bolt handle.
Koulikov readies to fire his Mosin Nagant sniper rifle. Note how the scope is too far from his eye for proper eye relief.
Koulikov (Ron Perlman
) aims his Mosin Nagant sniper rifle.
Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law
) takes aim with his Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper rifle.
Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz
) back crawls to avoid Major
König's rifle fire with a Mosin Nagant sniper rifle.
Zaitsev's Mosin Nagant sniper rifle on the ground.
Zaitsev takes aim at Major
König in the destroyed warehouse.
Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law
) with his camouflaged M91/30 rifle.
Mosin Nagant M91/30
The Mosin Nagant M91/30 is used by nearly all Soviet infantry enlisted men in the film. Also used by Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) in the first battle he experiences in Stalingrad. At the beginning of the film, unarmed conscripts are paired up and given a single M91/30 per pair, and told to pick up their partner's rifle when he is shot. This single scene actually ended up leading to a number of rumors and myths that the Red Army only had half as many guns as soldiers, and sent men into combat unarmed. This, like much of the movie, is completely embellished and was added to emphasize the desperation present in the Soviets at the battle of Stalingrad.
Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifle - 7.62x54mmR
Russian infantry charge holding M91/30 rifles in the first battle in Stalingrad.
Danilov (Joseph Fiennes
) aims an M91/30 rifle at the Germans.
Vasily inserts his 5-round stripper clip he received earlier.
A left view of Vasily aiming the Mosin Nagant.
After dispatching four German soldiers from cover, Zaitsev rises to a crouch and aims an M91/30 at the fifth and last.
Two Red Army soldiers fight with their M91/30 rifles in the ruins of Stalingrad.
Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine
The Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine is carried by Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz), when she first encounters Vasily Zaitsev.
Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mmR
When Tania Chernova (Rachel Weisz
) first enters the basement, she is carrying a Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine. Note that she does not use the leather 'rings' of the traditional Mosin Nagant sling, instead she sticks one end through the buttstock sling opening (like a K98 rifle). Probably a field expedient to a damaged rifle sling.
Tania sets her Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine against the wall next to Vasily's sniper rifle.
Volodya (Ivan Shvedoff) also carries the same carbine over his back.
The Tokarev TT-33 pistol is used by Soviet officers and political officers (NKVD NCOs and officers).
Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev - Post-1947 version.
A political officer (Dan van Husen
) aims his Tokarev TT-33. Note that this pistol appears to have the finer cocking serrations, indicating it is a later (and thus, anachronistic) variant.
Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev - Pre-1947 version.
"I have to report to the boss. Perhaps you would prefer to avoid the red tape.
Nikita Khrushchev (Bob Hoskins
) hands a Red Army General (Hans Martin Stier
) his Tokarev TT-33 pistol to commit suicide. Note the shape of the cocking serrations which is typical for the pre-1947 version of TT.
The Nagant M1895 Revolver is used by Red Army and NKVD political officers.
Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38mm Nagant
A political officer fires his Nagant M1895 revolver at soldiers who jumped in the river.
A shoulder view of an NKVD officer firing his Nagant revolver.
Red Army and NKVD political officers fire at the retreating soldiers with their Nagant M1895 revolvers.
The PPSh-41 is used by Russian NCOs and NKVD blocking troops as well as standard Red Army soldiers during the Battle of Stalingrad.
PPSh-41 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Two political officers open fire their PPSh-41s.
A close-up of a firing PPSh-41.
On the left, a Red Army political officer opens fire with a PPSh-41 on his own retreating troops.
A PPSh-41 seen hanging behind Nikita Khrushchev.
At the Soviet headquarters, Russian guards have the Degtyaryov DPM machine gun.
Degtyaryov DPM - 7.62x54mmR
At the Soviet headquarters, some of the guards have the Degtyaryov DPM machine gun.
Russian Maxim M1910/30 machine guns can be seen in various fortified positions and on the troop transport train.
Maxim M1910/30, post-1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
NKVD blocking troops ready their M1910/30 with a post-1941 shape of the cooling jacket.
A close-up of the Maxim in action.
A front view of the Maxim fired by the soldier.
Another close-up of the Maxim's smoking muzzle.
The DShK heavy machine gun is seen rear mounted on a Russian boat first seen transporting Nikita Khrushchev (Bob Hoskins) and then later transporting Zaitsev (Jude Law) and Koulikov (Ron Perlman).
Degtyaryov-Shpagin DShKM on tripod - 12.7x108mm
A DShK mounted on the back of a Russian boat.
Seen behind the Soviet sailors is a DShK mounted on the deck.
25 mm M1940 (72-K) Anti Aircraft Gun
The 25 mm M1940 (72-K).
25 mm automatic air defense gun M1940 (72-K) - 25x218mmSR
An M1940 (72-K) Soviet 25mm Anti Aircraft gun can be seen on the troop transport train. A Maxim M1910/30 machine gun can be seen in the front.
M1942 (ZiS-3) 76mm Divisional Gun
A ZiS-3 Divisional Guns is seen on a Soviet boat.
M1942 (ZiS-3) Divisional Gun - 76mm
The Divisional Gun in the boat among Soviet soldiers.
The barrel of the Divisional Gun is seen in the background.
85mm Air Defense Gun M1939 (52-K)
85mm Air Defense Gun M1939 (52-K) - 85x629mmR
Several late-war T-34/85 medium tanks are seen in the streets of Stalingrad.
German Army Weapons
Karabiner 98k Sniper Rifle
A Karabiner 98k sniper rifle (hand-selected barrels with hard points for a scope mount and scope) is used by Major Erwin König (Ed Harris).
Karabiner 98k with Zeiss ZF42 scope - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A close-up of the Karabiner 98k sniper rifle used by König.
A Karabiner 98k sniper rifle seen here attached to a fire-damaged department store mannequin, that Major König uses as a decoy. Note that this rifle's scope doesn't have the lens hood that König uses.
A close-up of König's Karabiner 98k in his room.
König works the bolt handle on his Karabiner 98k sniper rifle after firing at Vasily's spotter (Robert Stadlober
) in the tractor factory.
König scans the tractor factory.
Erwin König (Ed Harris
) looks out with his Karabiner 98k sniper rifle.
The infantry version of the Karabiner 98k is used by German soldiers.
Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
German soldiers ready their Karabiner 98k rifles.
A line of Karabiner 98k rifles, ready to fire on Russian troops. Note the different front barrel bands which are a mix of early and late WWII variants. Some of them also have hooded front sights.
König removes a Karabiner 98k from the hands of a dead German soldier before he moved the body out of the way.
A German MP aims his Karabiner 98k at a soldier (Gotthard Lange) pick-pocketing the dead.
What appears to be a Walther PPK is seen in the holster of General Paulus' Aide de Camp (Holger Handtke).
Early Waffenamt marked Walther PPK - .32 ACP
(Captain) stands to the left of Generaloberst
(Lieutenant General) Friedrich Paulus (Matthias Habich
) entering the room for a meeting with Major
König (Ed Harris
The German NCO (Clemens Schick) briefing Major König (Ed Harris) has a holster at his side indicating he carries a Luger P08.
with a Luger P08 in his holster approaches Major
The MP38 is used by various German soldiers, usually older NCOs. The precursor to the MP40, finely machined and more difficult to manufacture, the MP38 was phased out in favor of the stamped sheet metal MP40.
A German soldier in the foreground fires his MP38 at charging Soviet soldiers.
Another German Schütze
shoots dead Russians in the fountain with his MP38.
A German Feldwebel
(Jim Dowdall) peers out across the battlefield with his MP38.
The MP40 is used by German soldiers, usually infantry NCOs or Armored troops.
German soldiers shoot at the dead Russians with their MP40s.
The MP41 (a more expensive, wooden stock version of the MP40) is used by one of the German soldiers firing into the fountain filled with dead Russians.
A German soldier (right) fires his MP41.
Another view of the same soldier holding his MP41.
The MG34 is used by German infantry in fortified positions.
MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The MG34 in a fortified German position ready to shoot at Russians.
An MG34 mounted on an Sd.Kfz. 251 half truck.
The MG42 is also used by German soldiers. While the MG42 actually saw limited use at Stalingrad, the film's depiction commits the common error of showing the weapon with the post-1943 vertical charging handle instead of the period-appropriate and rare slab-sided horizontal handle.
MG42 with bipod extended - 7.92x57mm Mauser
The MG42 with a mounted MG.Z.40 scope fired by a German soldier.
An MG42 being reloaded by a soldier. The right soldier's MP38 can be seen jamming several times which he also comments with "Ladehemmung
Two Germans prepare their MG42 to open fire. This MG is also equipped with an MG.Z.40 scope.
The MG42 fired by German soldiers. Note the vertical charging handle, a feature which was developed at some point in 1943 after the Battle of Stalingrad.
10.5 cm leichte Feldhaubitze 18/40
Some German 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze/Gebirgshaubitze 40 Howitzers can be seen.
Leichte Feldhaubitze 18/40 field gun displayed in Hämeenlinna Artillery Museum - 105mm
Two Feldhaubitzen seen on the left.
A howitzer on the right without the muzzle brake which is the early version.
Another Feldhaubitze without the shield hanging inside the tractor factory.
15 cm schweres Infanteriegeschütz 33
Several Infanteriegeschütz 33 howitzers with different shields can be seen throughout the movie.
Schweres Infanteriegeschütz (sIG) 33 - 149.1 mm (5.87 in)
Model 24 Stielhandgranate
A German NCO tries to throw a Model 24 Stielhandgranate at Vasily Zaitsev (Jude Law) in the fountain before being killed.
Model 24 Stielhandgranate
A German Feldwebel
unscrews the cap of his Model 24 Stielhandgranate.
A Gewehrgranatengerät mounted on a Karabiner 98k is briefly seen.
) - 30mm
The loaded grenade launcher is seen on the right.
Panzer 61 (Modified to resemble a Panzer III)
Some Swiss Panzer 61 medium tanks are used as stand-ins for German Panzer III medium tanks. These modified tanks are re-used in the movies All the Queen's Men and Defiance.
Panzerkampfwagen III Ausf. H; for comparision
8.8 cm FlaK 36
A FlaK 36 anti-aircraft gun is briefly seen at the end of the movie.
FlaK 36 (note two-piece barrel with locking collar) - 88x571mm R
The FlaK can be seen on the right amidst celebrating Soviet soldiers.