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1864 poster.jpg
Country CZE.jpg Czech Republic
DEN.jpg Denmark
GER.jpg Germany
NOR.jpg Norway
Directed by Ole Bornedal
Release Date October 12, 2014
Language Danish
Studio Miso Film
Danmarks Radio (DR)
Distributor Danmarks Radio (DR)
Main Cast
Character Actor
Laust Jensen Jakob Oftebro
Peter Jensen Jens Sætter-Lassen
Inge Juhl Marie Tourell Søderberg
Didrich Pilou Asbæk
Ditlev Gothard Monrad Nicolas Bro
Otto von Bismarck Rainer Bock
Heinz Ludwig Trepte
Thøger Jensen Lars Mikkelsen
Claudia Henriksen Sarah-Sofie Boussnina
Baron Severin Bent Mejding

1864 is a 2014 eight-part Danish miniseries that revolves around Denmark's defeat in the Second Schleswig War between the Kingdom of Denmark and the German Confederation (Austria and Prussia). Ole Bornedal is responsible for the screenplay and direction, while Tom Buk-Swienty's books Slagtebænk Dybbøl and Dommedag Als served as the template. At a cost of 173 million Danish kroner (approx. 25 million Dollars), it is the most expensive Danish TV production to date. The series premiered on DR1 on October 12, 2014, on the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the Second Schleswig War, which ended in October 1864.

Denmark, mid-19th century: brothers Peter and Laust Jensen enjoy a happy childhood and youth on a coastal estate. They like to test their strength and always try to outdo each other, but when it comes down to it, the brothers are there for each other. When Peter and Laust meet the beautiful Inge Juel, the estate manager's daughter, the three become inseparable. Both boys soon feel more for Inge than just friendship. But dark clouds gather over their young happiness. When war breaks out in 1864 between Denmark on one side and the German Confederation on the other, the brothers enlist in the army. Around 150 years later, young Claudia, a teenager who is considered difficult to educate and who is supposed to look after an old baron on the estate where the Jensen brothers and Inge grew up, finds Inge's memoirs and begins to read them to the old man.

The following weapons were used in the miniseries 1864:


Pistolet de Garde du Corps

The Baron (Waage Sandø) owns two percussion pistols which appear to be 1820s converted variants of the French Pistolet de Garde du Corps du Roi 1er flintlock pistols. In Episode 1, a young Laust (Sylvester Byder) takes one of the pistols and plays around with it.

Pistolet Modèle An IX - .69 caliber; for comparison. The Pistolet de Garde du Corps has a different grip and slightly longer barrel.
A promotional picture of Sylvester Byder aiming the pistol.
Young Laust holds the Pistolet de Garde du Corps after picking it up from the table.
Shortly after he brandishes the pistol during a played duel.
He changed the position and aims the pistol.
Didrich interrupts Laust's duel and angrily points out to him that it is a real pistol and not a toy (Ep. 1).
The Baron pushes the casket towards him.
Filling in some black powder...
...inserting the bullet...
...and after cocking the hammer, he placed percussion cap on the nipple.
A close up of the Pistolet de Garde du Corps (Ep. 8).

Colt 1851 Navy

Danish officers and soldiers including Sekondløjtnant (second Lieutenant) Wilhelm Dinesen (Johannes Lassen), Peter Jensen (Jens Sætter-Lassen), Didrich (Pilou Asbæk), Kaptajn (Captain) Ernst Schau (Troels Malling Thaarup) and Generalmajor (Major General) Henrik Claude du Plat (Jens Jørn Spottag) use Colt 1851 Navys throughout the series. Some Prussian soldiers can also seen with Colt Navys; which usage is correct because the German Confederation bought several Colts from the United States. In addition to this, in 1855, a hidden shipment of 3,000 Colts with the associated accouterments from America to Russia was confiscated by Prussian customs officials during the Crimean War. 1,000 of them were kept for the Prussian navy and were stamped with KM (Königliche Marine, Royal Navy).

For Danish soldiers, the usage also seems to be correct; like their Prussian counterparts, many officers purchased their own sidearms. Another accurate choice would be the French Lefaucheux Revolver, which was officially adopted by the Royal Danish Army after the conflict as the Lefaucheux-Francotte M1865. Otherwise, the Ringhanepistol M.1848 Kronborg percussion pistol would also be an option.

Colt 1851 Navy - .36 caliber
Wilhelm Dinesen points his Colt at a deserter's forehead.
Preparing to use the revolver by cocking the hammer. This is the only time in the series where this procedure is carried out.
A Colt Navy is seen in Didrich's holster (Ep. 5).
Didrich points his revolver at charging Prussians.
Dinesen gave Peter one of his Colts with which he has already shot three times.
Like Dinesen before, Peter incorrectly fires the Colt without cocking the hammer several times.
Peter takes cover with his Colt.
The Colts "clicks" empty after it fired 8 rounds; despite having a 6-round cylinder (Ep. 7).

Colt Walker 1847

Prussian Totenkopfhusaren (Death's Head Hussars) of the Leib-Husaren-Regiment are armed with Colt Walkers in the fifth episode. The revolver is most likely representing a Colt Brevete, a copy of various Colt pistols made by different European countries during the 19th Century, as it is highly unlikely Prussian troops used authentic Colt Walkers as not many were made and none were sold outside the United States.

The appearance of these hussars is historically incorrect; during the conflict, both Leib-Husaren regiments were stationed at the Prussian-Russian border for security purposes due to the 1863/64 Polish January Uprising.

Colt Walker 1847 - .44 caliber
The leader of the hussars demands a Danish soldier to take off his field cap.
Shortly after, he targets a fleeing Dane.
He offers the Colt Walker to his fellow hussar.
The hussar wields the Colt before he gets interrupted.
Wilhelm Dinesen fires the revolver at its former user.

Studserpistol M1850

One of the hussars carries what appears to be a Swedish Studserpistol 1850 Cavalry Pistol. This pistol stands in for the Prussian Kavalleriepistole M1850 Cavalry Pistol which looks almost similar.

The husssar named Rudolph on the left holds the Studserpistol.
Another view of the cavalry pistol.


Springfield Model 1842

The Danish Army and also some Prussian soldiers are armed with American Springfield Model 1842 muskets with brass fittings. This smoothbore musket was never issued to one of the two parties to the conflict, instead they used Minié rifles. The Springfield musket is used by Laust Jensen (Jakob Oftebro), Peter Jensen (Jens Sætter-Lassen), Johan Larsson (Søren Malling), Erasmus (Esben Dalgaard Andersen), Einar Nielsson (Carl-Christian Riestra), Alfred (Jens Christian Buskov Lund), and Sergent Jespersen (Peter Plaugborg).

Danish soldiers in the Second Schleswig War were issued with a variety of muskets like the Tapriffel M/1848 and Suhler M/1854 Minié rifles of which a lot were converted with the British Snider breech-loading system after the war designided as the Bagladeriffel (Breechloading rifle). The Hæren also bought modified French Charleville Mle. 1822T. Another rifle used by Norwegian volunteers who fought for Denmark was the Kammerlader breech-loading rifle; even if only in small numbers. After the war, the Royal Danish Army recognized the need to introduce breech-loading rifles and equipped its soldiers with the American Remington Model 1867. The Remington Rolling Block served in the Danish Army even after the introduction of the Krag-Jørgensen Model 1889.

For the Prussians on the other hand, the Springfield stands in for the Potsdam Model 1839/55, which the troops still widely used as they could not equip all units with the Dreyse rifles.

By and large, however, the Springfield 1842 is similar to the models just mentioned, as they all originate from the French Charleville Musket.

Springfield Model 1842 with brass furniture - .69 Smoothbore
Soldiers of the 8th Brigade 9th Regiment 1s Company are instructed by Sergent Jespersen (Ep. 3).
Einar, Peter, Laust, Johan, and other soldiers unsling their muskets when the Prussian soldiers their attack at Mysunde (Ep. 4). Note the Gravkors M1854 sword bayonet attached on Johan's belt.
Frightened Einar is about to load in a musket ball into the barrel. Throughout the series, the soldiers are not seen placing percussion caps on the nipples.
Peter and Jespersen aim their Springfields at approaching hussars (Ep. 5).
Dinesen's raiding party unload their muskets in a Prussian trench (Ep. 6).
The 8th Brigade gets into position. The whole scenes are based on some contemporary paintings.
While witnessing the main Prussian charge, Johan and Laust cock the hammers of their Springfield muskets. Erasmus will do the same in the background.
Johan, Laust, and Erasmus pick their targets before firing.
Having make it to Skanse VII, Laust and other soldiers desperately defend it against attacking Prussians.
Jespersen and other Danish soldiers of the 8th Brigade advancing with their muskets (Ep. 7).

Enfield Pattern 1853

Several British Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle muskets are seen among the armory of Didrich's father. Throughout the series, some Danish and Prussian soldiers carry Enfields. It is possible that Great Britain delivered some of them to Denmark before the war but this is just a guess.

Enfield Pattern 1853 - .577 Minié Ball
During the skirmish at Sankelmark a soldier aims the Enfield in the direction of the forest.
Another Enfield with a fixed bayonet.
The same Enfield aimed by a Dane (Ep. 5).
Two Danish soldiers of the 8th Brigade take aim with their Enfields (Ep. 7).

Enfield Pattern 1861 Musketoon

Various Danish soldiers also use carbine-length muskets which appear to be Enfield Pattern 1861 Musketoons.

Enfield Pattern 1861 Musketoon (Modern Replica) - .577 Minié Ball
A laid down musketoon is seen on the left (Ep. 4).
A soldier cleans the percussion cap mechanism (Ep. 6).
A closer view of the muzzle.
The third soldier from the right and the one on the far right hold Enfield Musketoons (Ep. 7).
A promotional image of the charge of the 8th Brigade.

Lorenz Model 1854

Various Danish soldiers are seen with Austrian Lorenz Model 1854 rifled muskets. Notably, during the ambush at Sankelmark on February 6, 1864. This is the only sign of Austrian involvement, when the aftermath is seen, only Prussian soldiers can be seen; despite the fact, that the battle was fought exclusively by Austrians and Danes. While not in the series, Wilhelm Dinesen is seen on a promotional image with a Lorenz rifled musket.

Infanteriegewehr M1854/I, System Lorenz - .54 Caliber
Wilhelm Dinesen aims a Lorenz Model 1854 on a promotional image.
The muzzle with the two barrel bands are seen on the right.
Peter aims a Lorenz at one of his fellow soldiers portraying a bayonet charging enemy during training.
A close up of inserting the black powder.
Finishing off the reload by sending the ramrod home (Ep. 4).
A Danish soldier aims his Lorenz during the battle of Sankelmark (Ep. 5).

Dreyse Model 1841

The primary weapon of the Prussian infantrymen including Heinz (Ludwig Trepte) and Ludwig (Roland Schreglmann) is the Dreyse Model 1841 rifle which is the first breechloading bolt-action rifle in history. Some Danish soldiers are also briefly seen carrying Dreyse rifles. It is historically correct to see this Dreyse model; the improved Model 1862 was only tested in limited numbers during this conflict. In addition, the M/57 carbine and the Füsiliergewehr M/60 were also used.

It was the second time that the Prussian army used the Dreyse rifle against Denmark. During the First Schleswig War from 1848 to 1852, some fusilier battalions were armed with it but were unable to play this trump card. However, it was not until the Second Schleswig War in 1864, that the rifle was widely issued, although the assessment remained inconsistent. This was due to the fact that only small skirmishes were fought on the open field in this war, as most of the fighting involved the defense or storming of fortifications.

Dreyse Infanteriegewehr Modell 1841 - 15.43mm
Prussian soldiers under the command of Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshal) Friedrich von Wrangel (Hans-Michael Rehberg) and Prince Friedrich Karl (Barnaby Metschurat) cross the Eider River into Schleswig on February 1, 1864. This river separates the duchies Schleswig and Holstein and was the southern border of Denmark at that time.
Heinz philosophizes about Karl Marx to convince Ludwig of his intentions (Ep. 4). Both have shoulder insignias which are similar to the Kaiser Alexander Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 1 (1st (Emperor Alexander) Guards Grenadiers), a regiment that did not take part in the war.
Prussian soldiers shout before going over the top accompanied by the Yorckscher Marsch under the direction of Gottfried Piefke (Rainer Reiners). Note the 48 on the shoulder insignia, which means that the soldiers belong to the Infanterie-Regiment von Stülpnagel (5. Brandenburgisches) Nr. 48. This regiment did fight in this war, but only until the capture of the island of Fehmarn in March. Thus, this regiment did not participate in the Battle of Dybbøl but in the decisive Battle of Königgrätz two years later.
Ludwig carries his Dreyse during the charge on the Danish Skanse IV.
Heinz presses in the handle of the locking spring in order to fire while taking cover behind a Cheval de frise. He is then seen taking a paper cartridge out of his pocket, the reloading itself is done off-screen.
Prussian soldiers surround a Danish officer officer begging for mercy.
Prussian soldiers fire at charging Danish soldiers on Als after the battle of Dybbøl.
Another slightly different shot of the same scene shows that the cocking piece of the first rifle pops out after firing which is atypical; it stays in place and the needle goes in.
A shoulder view of one Prussian soldier firing his Dreyse rifle (Ep. 7).

Dreyse Model 1857/67

Some Danish and Prussian soldiers are also seen with anachronistic Dreyse Model 1857/67 needle rifles which were converted from the Württembergian Vereinsgewehr Model 1857. This variant can be recognized by the larger ring mounted on the stock, no cheekpieces, and a different receiver from the Jägerbüchse M/65. The used rifles have the improved bigger frame sight of the Model 1862. Despite this, the front sights of the muzzle barrel bands are removed; this is because the silver barrel bands have been replaced with gold ones. Presumably, to make them look like the Model 1841.

Zündnadelgewehr Modell 1857/67 U-M - 15.43mm
A promotional image of exhausted and shocked Prussian soldiers resting with Württembergian Dreyse Needle Guns after the Battle of Mysunde (Ep. 4). Note the white armbands worn by the soldiers; after the first engagements with Danish troops, these were issued to distinguish themselves from the Danes, whose uniforms were already similar (this can be seen in the first two pictures of the Model 1841 which are set at the beginning of the war).
A Württembergian rifle carried by a Danish soldier (Ep. 5). Note the stepped straight bolt and the improved frame sight instead of the earlier quadrant one. If there is a screw through the bolt, it would be an 1873 Beck modification.
A Prussian soldier in the background charges with the needle gun.
Prussians soldiers unleash a hail of bullets on the Danish 8th Brigade. The bayonet seen on the far right appears to be a Füsilier-Seitengewehr M/1860.
After Heinz and his comrades have made it behind the Skanse VII, he aims his Dreyse at a Danish soldier. Ludwig to the right struggles to pull back the bolt handle to reload his rifle which he fails to do and simply leaves it in the closed position. Shortly afterward he takes a new paper cartridge to reload, which would not work because the chamber is still closed.
Ludwig takes aim with his rifle. Note the lack of a front sight which would be on the first muzzle band. The Klett & Cie marking can barely seen on Heinz's rifle (Ep. 7).
Ludwig, Heinz, and other Prussian soldiers march in a column in June, 1866 (Ep. 8). In this war (Austro-Prussian War), the 1st Guards Grenadiers' deployment is documented.

Charleville Musket Replica

Charleville Musket replicas made by Denix are wielded by several soldiers. These are seen in the background.

Charleville Musket (Denix reproduction) - 69 caliber
At least two replicas are seen in the center at the level of Jespersen moustache. Note the front barrel band and the longer muzzle.


12 Punds Granatkanon

Several 12 Punds Granatkanon field guns are used by Danish soldiers. This field gun variant was a part of the 1834 weapon system developed by the Danish artillery Major General Jacob Scavenius Fibiger.

Like in the actual events, these field guns were seen in the series during the battle of Mysunde, the evacuation of Danevirke, and the battle of Dybbøl.

Danish soldiers next to Granatkanons at a roadblock in front of the Prinsens Palæ at Schleswig as Major Schell (Jan Novotný) and Capitän Striegel (Thomas Zielinsky) on the way to deliver a message to the Danish high command on January 15, 1864.
"This is a canister shot cylinder. It can be a bag full of iron bullets. Or pebbles, nails, or broken bottles. As soon as you put it into this it rips through everything."
"We load it into the canon instead of a ball or grenade. The ammunition shoots out of the canon and explodes in a fury of death and destruction. Use whatever you like, just make sure the enemy bleeds. The artillerist keeps the string tight. Pull it out and let the cannon go off"
Sergent Jespersen describes the Granatkanon to the recruits (Ep. 3).
Two abandoned field guns are examined by Generalleutnant (lieutenant general) Edwin von Manteuffel (Peter Benedict) in dense fog near Mysunde.
Four field guns stationed inside a Skanse at the Danevirke (Ep. 4).
A closer view of the rear part of one field gun at Dybbøl (Ep. 6).

84 Punds Granatkanon

The Danish redoubts at the Danevirke and Dybbøl are equipped with several 84 Punds Granatkanon howitzers and are also part of the 1834 weapon system. In some sources, these howitzers are referenced as a "M1862-1863 Rifled Fortress Artillery Gun", for example at the Royal Danish Arsenal Museum in Copenhagen. The gun barrel is mounted on a so-called fortress mount and can only be rotated at a limited angle.

Some could also be the Kuglekanon which looks the same but differ in that they had a smoothbore barrel. Both variants were used during the actual battle.

Multiple Granatkanons are seen at the Danevirke which is shown to King Christian IX (Henrik Prip), Oberst (Colonel) Møller (Rasmus Bjerg), Generalløjtnant Christian de Meza (Søren Sætter-Lassen), Ditlev Gothard Monrad (Nicolas Bro), and other high ranking Danish officers.
Amused Didrich sits on one of the Danevirke howitzers.
Peter runs towards a howitzer to make them unusable for the enemy.
A view of him destroying the priming vent with a hammer (Ep. 4).
Danish soldiers lower the cannon to unleash hell at the approaching Prussians (Ep. 7).

3 Pundig Kuglekanon

A 3 Pundig Kuglekanon is seen stationed at the Danevirke in the fourth episode.

The Kuglekanon is seen between the howitzers to the right.
A rear view of the cannon.

Festungsgeschütz C/61

What appears to be the breech-loading, rifled 12 and 24-pound siege and fortress artillery variant in 150mm caliber of the Krupp Feldkanone C/61 is used by the Prussians during the Battle of Mysunde and later Dybbøl. In the latter, they were seen stationed at Gammelmark (Batterie Nr. 2) on the Broager peninsula to support the infantry's advance.

The two smallest calibers (4- and 6-pounders) are actual field guns and as such are made of Krupp cast steel. The 12-pounders and 24-pounders are only intended for fortress and siege warfare and have barrels made of either bronze or the finest cast iron. The barrel consists of two parts, a rear chamber, smooth on the inside, for holding the projectile and the cartridge, and the long, drawn barrel that connects to it. The "C/" designation stands for a series of different caliber artillery guns that use a single basic design.

"Howitzers! 12 and 24-pound rifled field cannons with breech-loading. They have a range of 5 kilometers with unprecedented precision. Cover your ears, gentlemen, the noise itself is deadly."
General der Infanterie August Karl von Goeben (Karel Dobrý) describes the howitzers to Prince Friedrich Karl and his general staff before the first shelling of the Danish fortifications.
"It is now 4:15 pm and we start with the attrition of the Danish redoubts."
The breech-loading mechanism is seen.
"Meine Herren, Haubitzen!"
The siege howitzer are fired (Ep. 5).
The howitzers are seen during the beginning of the barrage in the morning hours of April 18 (Ep. 5).


Double Barreled Shotgun

A is held by Baron Severin (Bent Mejding) in the first episode. Another shotgun is seen carried by Djargo (Jordan Haj).

J. Stevens and Company Side by Side Shotgun (Circa 1878) - 12 gauge
Two views of the muzzles.
Severin rolls out of the shadow with the shotgun on his lap (Ep. 1).
Didrich encounters Djargo who carries the shotgun (Ep. 2).

Flare Gun

Before the final attack on April 18 in Episode 7, a Prussian soldier fires a Flare Gun to signal the beginning of a massive artillery bombardment.

The flare gun raised into the starry night sky on the last chime at four o'clock in the morning.
Firing reveals more details of the gun.

Weapons Exhibition

The baron's estate contains a room full of weapons. Many of them are Enfield and Springfield muskets.

Didrich walks past Enfield rifled muskets after returning from the First Schleswig War in 1852, which makes the Enfield anachronistic for one year.
A stand with Springfield musket is seen between Didrich and his friends.
Young Inge, Laust, and Peter admire the weapons.
Another view of the Springfield muskets.
In a modern-day scene, Claudia Henriksen (Sarah-Sofie Boussnina) looks around this dusty room for the owner of the house (Ep. 1).
Two muskets and several pistols are seen behind Didrich.
Another stand with Enfield and Springfields.
Inge Juhl Hans (Marie Tourell Søderberg) enters the room where famous author Hans Christian Andersen (Stig Hoffmeyer) tells a tale to a group.
Claudia looks at a percussion cap musket, which is possible a converted Charleville Musket.
Another shot shows a Flintlock Pistol.
A close up of an authentic Danish Tapriffel M/1848 pillar-breech rifle (Ep. 3).
The muskets can be seen from a distance (Ep. 4).

Dummy Rifles

During the hand-to-hand fighting in the seventh episode, several rubber Dreyse and Springfields are seen.

Danish soldiers with rubber Springfields.
A Prussian gets down while holding his rubber Dreyse without a bolt handle.
Peter runs with a rubber Springfield during melee.

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