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The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom)

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The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom)
Velikiy perelom Poster.jpg
Original Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Fridrikh Ermler
Release Date 1945
Language Russian
Studio Lenfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Gen. Col. Kirill Stepanovich Muravyov Mikhail Derzhavin
Gen. Col. Vladimir Vikentyevich Vinogradov Pyotr Andriyevsky
Gen. Maj. Lavrov Yuriy Tolubeev
Gen. Lt. Pyotr Mikhailovich Krivenko Andrei Abrikosov
Gen. Lt. Ivan Anisimovich Panteleyev Aleksandr Zrazhevsky
Lt. Fyodorov Vladimir Maryev
Starshina (Sgt. Maj.) Minutka Mark Bernes
Yefreytor Stepan Pavel Volkov

The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom, literally "The great turning point") is a Soviet 1945 B&W war drama directed by Fridrikh Ermler and depicting the events of Battle of Stalingrad. The film was Palme d'Or winners of 1946.

The following weapons were used in the film The Turning Point (Velikiy perelom):


Nagant M1895

A Nagant M1895 is a personal sidearm of Starshina (Sgt. Maj.) Minutka (Mark Bernes), a driver of the Commander of the Front Gen. Col. Muravyov. Some other Sovier NCOs also carry Nagants.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. This example was dated 1939 manufacture and was a War time issued weapon. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
A telephon operator carries a Nagant in holster.
Starshina Minutka carries a Nagant in holster.


Tokarev TT-33

Soviet officers and Generals carry TT-33 holsters. The only pistol that can be seen belongs to Gen. Lt. Ivan Anisimovich Panteleev (Aleksandr Zrazhevsky).

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
Gen. Panteleev draws his pistol...
...and puts it on the table.
Lt. Fyodorov (Vladimir Maryev) carries a TT in holster.

Submachine Guns


A PPD-40 is seen in headquarters of the commander of 21st Army Gen. Lt. Pyotr Mikhailovich Krivenko.

PPD-40 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
A PPD-40 is seen on the wall.
Same PPD is seen in another scene.


PPSh-41 SMGs are widely used by Soviet soldiers and officers, notably Lt. Fyodorov (Vladimir Maryev) and scout Yefreytor Stepan (Pavel Volkov). Most SMGs have drum magazines but some stick magazines also can be seen.

PPSh-41 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
PPSh-41 with 35-round box magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
A PPSh is seen when Lt. Fyodorov's soldiers break the enemy encirclement.
Stepan escorts a captive German Major.
Stepan with PPSh.
A soldier holds a PPSh with stick magazine.
Another soldier with a PPSh.
A sentry with a PPSh at the Soviet headquarters.
Lt. Fyodorov with a PPSh. Note a knife on his belt; this is a so-called "Finnish knife", or just "Finka", styled after Finnish national knife puukko but less general purpose and more combat.
Stepan uses a PPSh in close combat.
Fyodorov in action. He also carries a holstered TT pistol.
Soldiers with PPSh-41s, a Maxim machine gun and PTRD AT rifle defend the buiding.

Suomi M31

Lt. Fyodorov (Vladimir Maryev) is at first seen with a Suomi M31 that later switches to PPSh-41. In the scene in German headquarters of Gen. von Klaus Fyodorov and Stepan (Pavel Volkov) carry Suomi SMGs.

Suomi KP/-31 - 9x19mm
Lt. Fyodorov with a Suomi SMG. Later in the same scene it switches to PPSh.
Velikiy perelom-Suomi-2.jpg
Velikiy perelom-Suomi-3.jpg
In the scene in Klaus' headquarters Fyodorov and Stepan hold Suomi SMGs.


Most German soldiers are armed with MP40s.

MP40 - 9x19mm
German infantry and artillery soldiers with MP40s. Note that an artilleryman carries his MP40 with unfolded stock.
Velikiy perelom-MP40-2.jpg
Velikiy perelom-MP40-3.jpg
Velikiy perelom-MP40-4.jpg
German soldiers with MP40s in street combat in Stalingrad.
Artillerymen carry MP40s.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30

A Mosin Nagant M1891/30 is seen in hands of a Soviet soldier when Lt. Fyodorov and his remaining soldiers break the enemy encirclement.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
A soldier rests with his rifle at hand.

Karabiner 98k

Some German soldiers carry Karabiner 98k rifles.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A German soldier at the left holds a 98k rifle (note the turned down bolt handle).
Another view of the same gun.
One of the soldiers at the left holds a 98k rifle.

Mauser Rifle

Some German soldiers carry Mauser rifles that aren't seen clear enough to identify the exact model.

German soldiers (at the right) under fire of Soviet DP machine gun. One of the Germans holds a full length Mauser rifle that may be a Mauser Gewehr 1898.
What appears to be pre-98k Mauser carbine, like Karabiner 98AZ, is seen in center.

Machine Guns

Degtyaryov DP-27

During the battle in a house in Stalingrad Lt. Fyodorov (Vladimir Maryev) and Yefreytor Stepan (Pavel Volkov) use DP-27 machine gun.

Degtyaryov DP-27 machine gun - 7.62x54mm R
Velikiy perelom-DP-1.jpg
Lt. Fyodorov with DP-27.
Stepan holds a DP-27.
Stepan fires.
Stepan mans a DP-27 in another moment of the battle. Note that here the machine gun lacks the flash hider.

Maxim M1910/30

Soldiers of Lt. Fyodorov's unit use Maxim M1910/30 machine guns.

Maxim 1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim on positions.
A close view.
A Maxim in action.
Stepan mans the Maxim.
Another view of the scene.
Soldiers with PPSh-41s, a Maxim machine gun and PTRD AT rifle defend the buiding.

Degtyaryov DT

Degtyaryov DT machine guns are mounted on Soviet T-34 tanks.

DT machine gun - 7.62x54mm R
A frontal machine gun on T-34-85 tank is seen.

Browning M1919A4E1

Browning M1919A4E1 machine guns are mounted on M4A2 Sherman tanks, lend-leased to USSR.

Browning M1919A4E1 - .30-06 Springfield
A frontal machine gun on Sherman tank is seen.

Other Weapons


Soviet soldiers use PTRD-41 AT rifles.

PTRD-41 Anti-tank rifle - 14.5x114mm
A PTRD is seen when Lt. Fyodorov's soldiers break the enemy encirclement.
Soldiers of Fyodorov's unit carry a PTRD.
A mortar and two PTRDs are seen at the background.
Velikiy perelom-PTR-3.jpg
Soldiers with PPSh-41s, a Maxim machine gun and PTRD defend the buiding.

BM-37 Mortar

A 82mm BM-37 Mortar is seen on positions of Lt. Fyodorov's unit.

Soviet 82mm BM-37 Mortar
A mortar and two PTRD AT rifles are seen at the background.

RG-42 Hand Grenade

What appears to be an RG-42 hand grenade is used by Lt. Fyodorov (Vladimir Maryev).

RG-42 Soviet fragmentation hand grenade
Fyodorov carries an RG-42 on his belt.
He readies to throw a grenade.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

Model 24 Stielhandgranate hand grenades are carried by numerous German soldiers. Stepan (Pavel Volkov) is also seen with an M24 grenade.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate "Potato Masher" high-explosive fragmentation hand grenade
Velikiy perelom-Grenade-3.jpg
Velikiy perelom-Grenade-4.jpg
German soldiers carry grenades.
Stepan carries a grenade tucked in his belt.
Stepan holds a grenade.



Soviet signal officer carries a Nagant holster.
Lt. Fyodorov's (Vladimir Maryev) TT holster is seen.
German officers carry holsters for Luger P08.


A 76.2mm ZiS-3 field gun is seen at the background.
A destroyed ZiS-3 on battlefield.
An AA gun on march (at the left).
A 152mm ML-20 gun-howitzer on march (at the background).
Soviet troops also use a captured German AT gun, likely a 5 cm Pak 38 or 7.5 cm Pak 40.
German troops deploy an AT gun against Soviet tanks. The gun appears to be a 37mm Bofors (identified by the "waved" shape of gun shield), probably a Polish wz.36 (Wehrmacht index 3.7cm Pak 36(p)).
A row of 76.2mm M1927 regimental guns are firing salute in Moscow.


Velikiy perelom-Tank-2.jpg
Velikiy perelom-Tank-3.jpg
German Pz.IV Ausf. E/F/G tanks.
Soviet T-34 tanks. Both -76 and -85 versions are seen.
Velikiy perelom-Tank-6.jpg
Soviet T-34-85 tanks. This version didn't exist in Winter 1942/43.
KV tank advances on a German AT gun.
Lend-lease M4A2(76) Sherman tank.

Documentary Footage

ML-20 gun-howitzers.
Katyusha rocket launchers in action.
T-34-76 in attack.
Il-2 in attack.
Ju 88 bomber.

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