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The Road to Calvary: Gloomy Morning (Khozhdenie po mukam: Khmuroe utro)

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The Road to Calvary: Gloomy Morning
(Khozhdenie po mukam: Khmuroe utro)
KhPM-Khmuroe utro-DVD.jpg
Modern DVD Cover
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigoriy Roshal
Release Date 1959
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Darya Dmitrievna Telegina Nina Veselovskaya
Ekaterina Dmitrievna Roshchina Rufina Nifontova
Ivan Ilyich Telegin Vadim Medvedev
Vadim Petrovich Roshchin Nikolai Gritsenko
Aleksey Krasilnikov Leonid Parkhomenko
Nestor Ivanovich Makhno Vitaliy Matveev
Chugai Boris Andreyev

Gloomy Morning (Khmuroe utro) is the third film of The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) three-part film series, adapted from the novel by eponymous historical novel trilogy by Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy. It depicts the fate of main characters in 1919-1920s, during and after the events of Russian Civil war.

The following weapons were used in the film The Road to Calvary: Gloomy Morning (Khozhdenie po mukam: Khmuroe utro):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are used by Ivan Ilyich Telegin (Vadim Medvedev), Vadim Petrovich Roshchin (Nikolai Gritsenko), Nestor Ivanovych Makhno, known as Bat'ka Makhno (Vitaliy Matveev), and numerous Reds, Whites and "Greens" (personnel of Makhno's army). The revolvers are of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. This example was dated 1939 manufacture and was a War time issued weapon. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
Nestor Makhno sits on a carousel and entertains himself by firing a pair of Nagant at live targets.
Another view on Makhno's Nagant.
Makhno draws one of his revolvers.
Roshchin holds a Nagant.
An Ekaterinoslav worker (at the left) holds a Nagant.
Mortally wounded Commissar Ivan Gora (Viktor Avdyushko) tries to raise his revolver.
Chairman of village counsil Yakov (Semyon Svashenko) holds a Nagant.
Telegin carries a Nagant in holster (at the left).


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are often seen during the events of Russian civil war, notably used by Bolshevik Chugai (Boris Andreyev) and brigand Aleksey Krasilnikov (Leonid Parkhomenko).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Chugai carries a Mauser in holster.
Makhno's foot soldier runs with a Mauser C96 in hand.
Chugai with Mauser in hand.
Sailor Shurygin (Oleg Golubitsky) holds a Mauser in center.
Aleksey Krasilnikov raises his Mauser on Katya.

Pocket pistol

Lyova Zadov (Vladimir Belokurov), Makhno's chief of counterintelligence, has an FN Model 1905-style pocket pistol, possibly some Spanish or Czech version.

For comparison: Unceta Victoria 1911 Model, Spanish version of FN 1905 - .25 ACP. The safety is placed similar to the screen gun.
Lyova interrogates Roshchin: "I will torture you, you will answer me".
Note the position of safety in front of the grip that doesn't match original FN 1905 but can be seen on some clones.
Lyova puts the pistol in small holster.


Mosin Nagant M1891

Historically correct Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are widely used during the events of Russian Civil war.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
White troops in attack with M91 rifles, M38 Carbines and anachronistic SKS carbines (see below).
Makhno's army foot and mounted soldiers with M91 rifles in attack.
Uprising workers of Ekaterinoslav with rifles.
Anisya Nazarova (Lyubov Sokolova) holds an M91 rifle.
Soldiers of Kachalinskiy regiment with rifles and carbines.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are also seen throughout the movie.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
White troops in attack with M91 rifles, M38 Carbines and anachronistic SKS carbines (see below).
A Makhno's cavalryman (Anatoliy Sobolev) carries an M38 Carbine.
A Red soldier carries an M38 Carbine.
Marusya (Natalya Kustinskaya) holds an M38 Carbine (at the left).
Red soldiers of Kachalinskiy regiment with M38 Carbines.
Latugin (Anatoliy Solovyov) holds an M38 Carbine during the funeral of his comrade-in-arms.
Chugai (Boris Andreyev) carries an M38 Carbine.
Roshchin (Nikolai Gritsenko) carries an M38 Carbine.
Roshchin fires.
Shurigin (Oleg Golubitsky (at the right) carries an M38 Carbine.
Soldiers of Kachalinskiy regiment with rifles and carbines.

Mauser Gewehr 98

Several of Makhno's men carry Mauser Gewehr 1898 rifles.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A man at the left carries a full-length Mauser.
The barrel of Mauser rifle is seen in center.
A man at the left carries a Mauser rifle. It has straight bolt handle and tangent-leaf rear sight that matches Weimar Republic era G98s.

Simonov SKS

Incredibly out of time Simonov SKS carbines are seen in battle scenes in hands of White soldiers.

Simonov SKS - 7.62x39mm
White troops in attack with a mix of M91/30 rifles, M38 Carbines and SKS carbines with unfolded bayonets.
Numerous SKS are seen at the background.
White soldiers hold SKS in action.
An SKS is seen on the body of White soldier.

Assault Rifles


In one scene wounded Telegin, being in fever, has a surrealistic nightmare of attacking White troops, armed with nothing less that AK-47 assault rifles.

AK-47 with cleaning rod removed and laminated stock - 7.62x39mm

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910/30

Maxim M1910/30 machine guns, standing for original M1910s, are seen in several scenes.

Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim in Lyova Zadov's "office".
Red troops deploy a Maxim during the battle for Ekaterinoslav.
Chairman of Ekaterinoslav revolutionary committee (Nikolay Gladkov) mans the machine gun.
Sailor Chugai (Boris Andreyev) mans the Maxim.

Other Weapons

Dummy Training Grenade

Dummy training grenades are used instead of RG-14s by Red troops and uprising workers of Ekaterinoslav.

Training stick grenade. Such cast aluminum dummies were widely used in USSR for basic training.
RG-14 Russian hand grenade
Uprising workers carry grenades...
...and use them in action.
Sailor Latugin (Anatoliy Solovyov) carries a pair of grenades on his belt (at the right).



Makhno carries a pair of holstered Nagants. The holster appears to be of Soviet 1930s pattern.
Telegin's Nagant holster.

76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

The 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902 are seen in battle scenes.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
Telegin and his artillerymen at the gun.
3-inch guns in action.

76.2mm M1902/30 L40 field guns are seen in Telegin's dream.

76.2mm M1902/30 L40 Divisional Gun. A drawing from original service manual.
Longer barrel of M02/30 L40 is seen at the right.

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