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The Road to Calvary: 1918 (Khozhdenie po mukam: Vosemnadtsatyy god)

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The Road to Calvary: 1918
(Khozhdenie po mukam: Vosemnadtsatyy god)
KhPM-Vosemnadtsatyy god-DVD.jpg
Modern DVD Cover
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Grigoriy Roshal
Release Date 1958
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Darya Dmitrievna Telegina Nina Veselovskaya
Ekaterina Dmitrievna Roshchina Rufina Nifontova
Ivan Ilyich Telegin Vadim Medvedev
Vadim Petrovich Roshchin Nikolai Gritsenko
Aleksey Krasilnikov Leonid Parkhomenko
Agrippina Chebrets Mayya Bulgakova
Dmitriy Stepanovich Bulavin Vladimir Muravyov

1918 (Vosemnadtsatyy god) is the second film of The Road to Calvary (Khozhdenie po mukam) three-part film series, adapted from the novel by eponymous historical novel trilogy by Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy. It depicts the fate of main characters in 1918, during the events of Russian Civil war.

The following weapons were used in the film The Road to Calvary: 1918 (Khozhdenie po mukam: Vosemnadtsatyy god):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are used by Ivan Ilyich Telegin (Vadim Medvedev), Vadim Petrovich Roshchin (Nikolai Gritsenko), Aleksey Krasilnikov (Leonid Parkhomenko) and numerous Reds and Whites. All revolvers are of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. This example was dated 1939 manufacture and was a War time issued weapon. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
White officers execute captured Reds.
Telegin fires a Nagant from a handcar.
Vasiliy Rubtsov (Sergey Yakovlev), Commissar of Varnavskiy regiment, carries a Nagant in holster.
Praporshchik Valerian Onoli (Mikhail Kozakov) fires a Nagant, holding an M91 rifle in other hand.
Aleksey Krasilnikov (Leonid Parkhomenko) holds a Nagant and a Mauser C96.
Agrippina Chebrets (Mayya Bulgakova) holds a Nagant.
Roshchin holds a Nagant, thinking about a suicide.


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are often seen during the events of Russian civil war, used by Red Glavkom (Commander-in-Chief) Ivan Sorokin (Evgeniy Matveev), other Red commanders, and Makhno's brigands, including Aleksey Krasilnikov (Leonid Parkhomenko).

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Glavkom Sorokin carries a Mauser in holster.
Sorokin draws a Mauser during the conflict.
Gymza (Mikhail Gladysh), commander of Red Varnavskiy regiment, carries a Mauser in holster.
Aleksey Krasilnikov holds a Nagant M1895 and a Mauser C96.
Makhno's brigands with Mauser C96 pistols.

FN Model 1900

During the events in Samara Semyon Semyonovich Govyadin (Konstantin Nemolyayev), the chief of local militsia, carries an FN Model 1900 pistol.

FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
Govyadin breaks in Dr. Bulavin's house with pistol in hand.

Various pistols

Samara militsioneers, subordinates of Semyon Govyadin, carry various pistols that are seen too unclear to be identified for sure.

One of Govyadin's men holds a large pistol that can be some M1911-style model.
A man at the right holds a pistol that seems to be hammerless and is possibly an FN Model 1903 (or TT-33, used as a substitution for FN 1903).


Mosin Nagant M1891

Historically correct Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are widely used during the events of Russian Civil war.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Bolshevik Ivan Gora (Viktor Avdyushko) carries an M91 rifle.
White troops on march.
Roshchin (Nikolai Gritsenko) in ranks of attacking White troops.
Red artillerymen carry M91 rifles.
White firing squad with M91 rifles.
Red soldiers in action.
Roshchin and Valerian Onoli (Mikhail Kozakov) (at the right) in action.
Agrippina Chebrets (Mayya Bulgakova) carries an M91 rifle.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are also seen throughout the movie.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Cossacks of personal guard of White Army Commander-in-chief Gen. Denikin. The one at the left carries an M38 Carbine while the one at the right has an outdated Berdan carbine (see below).
A Red sailor with M38 Carbine.
A brigand holds M38 Carbine.

Berdan No.2 Carbine

In one scene a Cossack of personal guard of White Army Commander-in-chief Gen. Denikin carries a carbine that appears to be outdated Berdan No.2 Carbine.

A family of Berdan No.2 rifles: 1 - Infantry rifle, 2 - Dragoon rifle, 3 - Cossack rifle, 4 - carbine. Drawing from Strelkovoye orujie ("Firearms") by Aleksandr Juck.
A Cossack at the right carries a Berdan carbine. Note the shape of the stock and the position of bolt handle.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910/30

Maxim M1910/30 machine guns, standing for original M1910s, are seen in several scenes. Some of them are of post-1940 version.

Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim in headquarters of Red regiment.
A Maxim on tachanka cart.
Maxim 1910/30, post 1940 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim at the entrance of Smolny, the headquarters of Bolsheviks. Note the top hatch on cooling jacket.

Other Weapons

RG-14 Hand Grenade

In one scene commander of Varnavsliy regiment Gymza (Mikhail Gladysh) gives a top secret dispatch, tied to an RG-14 or RG-14/30 hand grenade, to Telegin (Vadim Medvedev).

RG-14 Russian hand grenade
Gymza gives a top secret dispatch, tied to a grenade, to Telegin.
Another view of the grenade with tied letter.
Telegin raises the grenade.

Dummy Training Grenade

Dummy training grenades are used instead of RG-14s by Red troops.

Training stick grenade. Such cast aluminum dummies were widely used in USSR for basic training.
RG-14 Russian hand grenade
A Red soldier carries a grenade.



A White officer at the right carries a holster for TT-33.
Red Chief of Staff Belyakov (Grigori Kirillov) carries a holster for FN Model 1910.
Melshin (Viktor Yakovlev) carries a Nagant holster.

76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902 are seen in several battle scenes.

76.2mm M1902 Field Gun
Red artillery in action in snow-covered field.
Red field battery under command of Telegin opens fire on Whites.
Red 3-inch fires during the battle for Ekaterinodar.

76.2mm M1902/30 L40 field guns are also seen in same scenes.

76.2mm M1902/30 L40 Divisional Gun. A drawing from original service manual.
M1902/30 L40 is seen at the background, identified by its longer barrel.

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