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The Red and the White (Csillagosok, katonák)

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The Red and the White
(Csillagosok, katonák)
Csillagosok katonak poster.jpg
Original Hungarian Poster
Country HUN.jpg Hungary
Directed by Miklós Jancsó
Release Date 1967
Language Hungarian
Studio Mafilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
István József Madaras
András Tibor Molnár
László András Kozák
Janos Juhász Jácint
Shtabs-Captain Nikolay Fyodorovich Chelpanov Anatoli Yabbarov
Cossack Podkhorunzhiy Sergey Nikonenko
Chingiz Bolot Beyshenaliev
Nestor Mikhail Kozakov
Elizaveta Tatyana Konyukhova
Red sailor Viktor Avdyushko

The Red and the White (original Hungarian title Csillagosok, katonák, Russian title Zvyozdy i soldaty; both titles literally mean "Stars and soldiers") is a 1967 Hungarian-Soviet war drama directed by Miklós Jancsó. The story is set during the Russian Civil war. Several Hungarian volunteers, former Austro-Hungarian soldiers who were in Russian captivity, join Red Army and fight against the Whites. In 1919 an international Red detachment is defeated in battle. Victorious Whites mercilessly execute prisoners. Several men, including Hungarians András and Laszlo, try to hide in Whites field hospital. At the very edge of death, the escapees are saved by appeared Red troops and join them in a new attack.

The following weapons were used in the film The Red and the White (Csillagosok, katonák):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used throughout the movie, notably by White officers Shtabs-Captain (a "sub-Captain" rank) Nikolay Fyodorovich Chelpanov (Anatoli Yabbarov), Praporshchik (Ensign rank) Glazunov (Nikita Mikhalkov) and unnamed Cossack Podkhorunzhiy (Warrant officer rank) (Sergey Nikonenko) and Army Podporuchik (2nd Lt. rank) (Vladimir Prokofyev).

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
The Podkhorunzhiy escort a Red captive.
A White Lt. Colonel (Vitaliy Konyaev) holds a Nagant.
A White officer at the left holds a Nagant.
Cossack Savva (Saveliy Kramarov) holds a Nagant.
A Red Army commander holds a Nagant.
A Podporuchik (Vladimir Prokofyev) at the right holds a Nagant. At the left Shtabs-Capitan Chelpanov of Whites counterintelligence service draws his revolver from holster.
Chelpanov draws his Nagant.
The abovementioned Podporuchik uses two revolvers, his and Chelpanov's, to execute wounded Reds.


Mauser C96

Red Army commander Nestor (Mikhail Kozakov) and several White officers carry Mauser C96 pistols. Nestor uses his C96 with attached holster-stock.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
A White Podporuchik (at the left) carries a Mauser C96 in holster.
The said officer holds his Mauser at the left. An officer at the right holds a Nagant revolver.
Another White officer holds his pistol in action.
A close view of the Mauser of Podporuchik.
The pistol is seen from another side.
Mauser C96 fitted with holster/stock combo - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Nestor holds a Mauser with attached holster-stock.
A side view of Nestor's pistol.
Another view of Nestor's pistol.
Nestor fires.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Reds and Whites widely use Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, standing for original M91s.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
László (András Kozák) aims his rifle.
Another view of László's rifle.
László reloads.
Chingiz (Bolot Beyshenaliev) and one of Hungarians hold M91/30 rifles at the right. Later Chingiz is seen with original M91.
White officers with rifles; Podporuchik (Evgeniy Karelskikh) and Praporshchik Glazunov (Nikita Mikhalkov) at the right.
White officers with rifles; a Podporuchik (Vladimir Prokofyev) is at the right.
Praporshchik Glazunov with a rifle.
Reds with rifles.
Chingiz fires.
A good view of Chingiz' M91/30 in hands of Nestor (Mikhail Kozakov).

Mosin Nagant M1891

Some original Mosin Nagant M1891 rifles are also seen.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Infantry Rifle in original configuration - 7.62x54mm R
Chingiz holds M91 Infantry rifle. In earlier and later scenes he is armed with M91/30 rifle.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Out of time Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are used by White Cossacks, including the Podkhorunzhiy (Sergey Nikonenko).

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
The Podkhorunzhiy carries M38 Carbine. Note that the rifle lacks the hood over front sight.
Same character carries an M38 Carbine in another scene.
A Cossack with M38 Carbine.
Cossacks shoot at full gallop.
Csillagosok katonak-Mosin38-5.jpg
A pair of Cossacks carry M38 Carbines.

Mannlicher M1895

András (Tibor Molnár) holds a Mannlicher M1895 rifle in one scene. Later he is seen with M98 (see below).

Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1895 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher
András (in center) holds a Mannlicher M95.
A closer view of András' Mannlicner M95.

Mannlicher M1888-90

Red Hungarians István (József Madaras), András (Tibor Molnár) and Janos (Juhász Jácint) are seen with Mannlicher M1888-90 rifles.

Austro-Hungarian Steyr Mannlicher M1888-90 - 8x50mmR Mannlicher.
Janos (at the right) holds a Mannlicher M88-90.
The magazine of Janos' Mannlicher M88-90 is seen.
András with an M88-90, instead of previously seen M95 (see above).
A good view of András' rifle. This rifle is different from the one, seen in previous scene, as it has a flat rear sight. Possibly it's a WW1 era conversion of an M88 or M88-90, fitted with M95 rear sights.
István, the commander of Red Hungarians, carries his and András' Mannlicher rifles.
István and András with Mannlicher rifles.
István holds his Mannlicher. Again it's a rifle with flat rear sight.
Another view of István's rifle.

Machine Guns


A Maxim (M1910 or M1910/30) is mounted on Red tachanka horse cart.

Maxim on Sokolov wheel mount with shield - 7.62x54mmR
Csillagosok katonak-Maxim-1.jpg
A Maxim on tachanka. It's hard to differ the exact model.



A White Colonel (Nikolai Parfyonov) carries an early pattern holster for Walther P38.
Two more officers carry holsters for P38. The holsters are flat and empty.
An officer at the left, firing a Mauser C96, carries a holster for Makarov PM.


A training biplane Polikarpov Po-2 (also known as U-2) stands for a Great War era aircraft.


A DVD cover for English language edition

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