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Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad)

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Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad)
Krasnaya ploshchad Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Vasili Ordynsky
Release Date 1970
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Dmitriy Amelin Stanislav Lyubshin
Nikolay Kutasov Vyacheslav Shalevich
Natalya Kutasova Valentina Malyavina
Volodya Koltsov Sergey Nikonenko
Uno Parts Uno Loyt
Karpushonok Pavel Kormunin
Vladimir Lenin Sergey Yakovlev
Yakov Sverdlov Aleksandr Kutepov

Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad; full title Red Square. Two Stories About Workers' and Peasants' Army) is a Soviet 1970 two-part historical moive directed by Vasili Ordynsky. The movie is in 1917-1919 during the Russian revolution and civil war. The main characters are Commissar Dmitriy Sergeevich Amelin (Stanislav Lyubshin) and Russian Army Podporuchik (Jr. Lt.) Nikolay Pavlovich Kutasov (Vyacheslav Shalevich) who later becomes the division commander in Red Army.

The following weapons were used in the film Red Square (Krasnaya ploshchad):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are seen in several scenes, notably used by Podporuchik Nikolay Kutasov (Vyacheslav Shalevich), Commissar Dmitriy Amelin (Stanislav Lyubshin) and Anarchist sailor Volodya Koltsov (Sergey Nikonenko).

Russian Nagant 1895, produced 1920s. The rounded front sight is a sign of revolvers produced from 1890s until 1930 - 7.62x38N cartridge (aka 7.62 Nagant ammo).
Krasnaya ploshchad-Nagant-1.jpg
Krasnaya ploshchad-Nagant-2.jpg
Kutasov cleans his Nagant.
Koltsov, disguised as station master, fires at a German officer.
Amelin holds a Nagant, commandeered from Rotmistr (Capt.) Fortunatov (Valeri Babyatinsky).
Amelin holds a Nagant during the battle for bridge in 1919.


FN Model 1910

Dmitriy Amelin's (Stanislav Lyubshin) personal handgun in the first part of the movie is an FN Model 1910 pistol.

FN Model 1910 - .380 ACP
Amelin carries holstered pistol. The holster is of German pattern.
Amelin holds his pistol during the soldiers meeting.
Another view of the scene.
Amelin fires his pistol in action.

Mauser C96

When serving in Red Army, Nikolay Kutasov (Vyacheslav Shalevich) carries a Mauser C96 pistol in wooden holster.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Krasnaya ploshchad-MauserC96-1.jpg
Kutasov carries his Mauser C96 in various scenes.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30

Soldiers of a grenadier regiment of Russian Army (in 1918) and of Red Army (in 1919) are armed with Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles, standing for original M91s.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
Soldier Myasoyedov (Igor Surovtsev) (in center) and other soldiers with M91/30 rifles.
Uno Parts (Uno Loyt) holds his rifle (at the right).
A soldier (Viktor Lakirev) on guard.
A soldier (Vladimir Protasenko) carries a rifle.
Uno Parts fires.
Uno Parts breaks a door with the buttstock of his rifle.
Pet'ka (Pyotr Trifonov) with M91/30 rifle.
Krasnaya ploshchad-Mosin-9.jpg
Red soldiers on parade on Red Square.
A number of M91/30 rifles with bayonets.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are seen in several scenes.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Koltsov (Sergey Nikonenko) (at the left) carries an M38 Carbine.
Red soldiers carry M38 Carbines.

Karabiner 98k

Anachronistic Karabiner 98k rifles are seen among the weapons, captured from Imperial German troops.

Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Krasnaya ploshchad-98k-1.jpg
Several Karabiner 98k rifles are seen in a pile of weapons.
A Red soldier holds a 98k rifle.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are used by Red soldiers throughout the movie.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Karpushonok (Pavel Kormunin) fires a Maxim.
A closeup.
Another view of Karpushonok's Maxim.
Pet'ka (Pyotr Trifonov) and Karpushonok man a Maxim, installed on pump-house.
A close view of firing Maxim.
A damaged Maxim is seen on a flatcar of armoured train.

Maxim M1910/30

Anachronistic Maxim M1910/30 machine guns are seen in the scenes of 1919, used by Red Army soldiers and also mounted on armoured train and armoured cars.

Maxim 1910/30 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Red soldiers with a Maxim M1910/30 during the battle for bridge.
Red soldiers with a Maxim on positions.
A Maxim M1910/30 is seen when Red soldiers cross a river.
Another view of the same scene.
Maxim machine guns are mounted on Austin armoured car.
Maxim M1910/30 machine guns are mounted on armoured train Krasny Varyag.
Amelin (Stanislav Lyubshin) fires a Maxim, mounted on Krasny Varyag.
Maxims inside the armoured train.
Maxim 1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket allowing it to be filled more quickly or with snow - 7.62x54mmR
Two Maxims on armoured train (at the right) are of post-1941 version.

Other Weapons

F-1 Hand Grenade

F-1 hand grenades are seen in hands of Volodya Koltsov (Sergey Nikonenko) and Uno Parts (Uno Loyt).

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
Koltsov holds an F-1.
Uno Parts extracts the fuze from F-1, planning to use it to break the lock.



AKM assault rifles are seen in hands of Soviet infantry in the documentary footage of the military parage in honor of the October Revolution on Red Square in Moscow.

AKM - 7.62x39mm
Krasnaya ploshchad-Parade-1.jpg


In the same documentary footage Soviet paratroopers march with AKMS assault rifles.

AKMS - 7.62x39mm
Krasnaya ploshchad-Parade-2.jpg


Pistol Holsters

German officers carry holsters for Luger P08 pistols.
A German officer (at the left) carries a holster for anachronistic Walther P38.
A White Army officer (at the right) carries a holster for anachronistic TT-33.
Komandarm (Commanding of the Army) Mikhail Frunze (Roman Khomyatov) carries a holster for FN Model 1910.


In one scene in Winter 1917-18 German troops are seen using Soviet 76.2mm M1902/30 L/40 field guns.

Krasnaya ploshchad-Artillery-1.jpg
Horse-drawn 3-inch guns on snow-covered road are seen through the binoculars. Note the long barrel that allows to differ these guns from original M1902 guns with L/30 barrels.
Two 3-inch guns are seen.

An original 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902 (or M1902/30 with L/30 barrel) gun is also seen.

M1902 Field Gun - 76.2x385mm R
An abandoned 3-inch M1902 gun.

In the scene, set in 1919, Red troops use anachronistic 76 mm divisional gun M1942 (ZiS-3).

ZiS-3 (M1942) divisional gun - 76.2x385mm R
Krasnaya ploshchad-Artillery-5.jpg

Armoured Cars

Modern replicas of Austin Armoured Cars are seen in several scenes.

Austin armoured cars in snow-covered Moscow Kremlin.
Armoured cars on parade.
Krasnaya ploshchad-ArmCar-3.jpg
Austin armoured cars of Kutasov's division.

Armoured Train

Red Army armoured train Krasny Varyag under the command of Koltsov (Sergey Nikonenko) plays a significant role in the second part of the movie, during the events in 1919. The armoured train is a full size replica, made for this movie and later appearing in a number of Soviet movies, including Beg (1970), I na Tikhom Okeane... (1974), Fiery Childhood (Ognennoye detstvo) (1976), Dni Turbinykh (1976), Ognennyy most (1976), Poedinok v tayge (1978), Dachnaya poezdka serzhanta Tsybuli (1979), and Lyudmila (1982). It consists of a genuine locomotive and two armoured railcars, one of OB-3 pattern (WW2 era) with a gun turret and another one of "2nd Siberian" pattern (Russian Civil war era) with a gun in an open shield mount. Both main guns are 76.2mm ZiS-3 with removed muzzle brakes (to make them look more like early 20th century models), also the train is armed with several Maxim machine guns.

A turret with ZiS-3.
A close view of ZiS-3 in turret.
Maxim M1910/30 machine guns.
A general view.
A ZiS-3 in shield mount.
Koltsov tries to repair stuk gun.
Another view of gun turret.
Maxims inside the armoured train.

Military Vehicles on Parade on Red Square

BTR-60PA. This early modification lacks turret that appeared on later BTR-60PB version.
Towed artillery.
ASU-85 airborne self-propelled gun.
Temp-S (SS-12 Scaleboard) battlefield range ballistic missile.
Luna (FROG-3/5) short range ballistic missile.
Luna-M (FROG-7) short range ballistic missile.

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