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Pearl Harbor

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Pearl Harbor (2001)

Pearl Harbor is a 2001 World War II film that stars Ben Affleck and Josh Hartnett as childhood friends who became pilots for the US Army Air Corps and find themselves in the middle of the Japanese surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. Directed by Michael Bay and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, the film was released to coincide with the 60th anniversary of the actual event and the production was allowed to shoot sequences on the actual naval base at Pearl Harbor as well as stage several explosions aboard actual decommissioned vessels (primarily a line of mothballed 70s-era Spruance-Class destroyers) in the harbor. Pearl Harbor also re-uses some of the modified "Japanese" aircraft created for Tora! Tora! Tora!, though thirty years of attrition had reduced that film's fleet of 36 aircraft to just 9 in flyable condition.

The following weapons were used in the film Pearl Harbor:


Webley Mk IV

While serving the British Royal Air Force's Eagle Squadron early in the film, Lt. Rafe McCawley (Ben Affleck) carries a Webley Mk IV revolver as his sidearm. He is seen only using it once when he tries to shoot out the canopy of his Supermarine Spitfire fighter while trying to bail out after suffering critical damage during a dogfight with German fighters during the Battle of Britain.

Webley Mk IV - WW2 British Army model - .38 S&W
Lt. Rafe McCawley draws his Webley Mk IV while trying to escape his doomed Supermarine Spitfire.

Colt M1911A1

After crashing in Japanese-occupied China, the surviving B-25 Mitchell crews are armed with only Colt M1911A1 pistols to defend themselves. A few M1911A1s can also be seen in the hands of U.S. military personnel during the attack on Pearl Harbor, most notably when several soldiers inspect a crashed Japanese plane.

Colt M1911A1 - .45 ACP
Capt. Rafe McCawley (Ben Affleck) and other B-25 crash survivors are armed with M1911A1s as they try to repel the Japanese forces.
A close-up of Capt. Rafe McCawley's M1911A1 as he grabs it to shoot Imperial Japanese Army soldiers.

Nambu Type 14

When the Imperial Japanese Army soldiers attempt to capture the B-25 Mitchell survivors, one of the soldiers can be briefly seen armed with a Nambu Type 14 pistol, but isn't shown firing it in the ensuing shootout.

Nambu Type 14 - 8x22mm Nambu
A Japanese soldier brandishes a Nambu Type 14 pistol on the left.

Aircraft Machine Guns

MG15 Machine Gun

During the Battle of Britain, Heinkel He-111 bombers can be seen armed with MG15 machine guns as defensive armament, though these prove no match for the RAF Spitfires, which simply attack the German planes from angles where the machine guns cannot engage them. These aircraft are pure CGI, with the exception of an He-111H seen in stock footage. At the time there was just one airworthy He-111 airframe in the world, a Spanish CASA 2.111, which was later destroyed in a crash in 2003.

MG15 machine gun - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A German Heinkel He-111 with a nose-mounted MG15 machine gun during the Battle of Britain.

MG17 Machine Gun

During the Battle of Britain, Lt. Rafe McCawley becomes engaged in a dogfight with German Bf-109 fighters equipped with MG17 machine guns as their primary armament. As is common in war films, these aircraft are actually Hispano AviaciĆ³n Ha-1112-M1L "Buchon" fighters, a Spanish license-built copy of the Bf-109. These particular examples have had their 20mm Hispano cannons removed and so are actually completely unarmed: the gunfire is pure CGI.

MG17 machine gun - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A Ha-1112-M1L (on the right) firing its MG17 machine guns at Rafe's Spitfire. Note the rounded wingtips and lack of struts supporting the aircraft's horizontal tail surface, which were features of later variants of the Bf-109 starting with the Bf-109F, and would be out of place on a Battle of Britain-era Bf-109E.
A tracer from the "Bf-109's" MG17 machine gun flashes past Rafe's Spitfire.

Browning M2 Aircraft

The Browning M2 Aircraft heavy machine gun appears in the film as the primary armament of U.S. aircraft, specifically the P-40 Warhawk fighters and the B-25 Mitchell bombers, the latter of which have some removed and replaced with black-painted broomsticks to reduce weight and maximize fuel economy. In the real raid, this was a visual deception aimed at discouraging Japanese fighters from attacking the bombers from behind rather than a direct replacement (as the B-25B did not actually have a tail gun position): the weight saving came from removing the entire remote-controlled ventral Bendix turret, a notoriously useless periscope-sighted system. This was not a panicked last-ditch idea as shown in the film: the fake tail guns were already in place when the USS Hornet departed Alameda for Tokyo.

Browning M2 Aircraft heavy machine gun - .50 BMG
A group of Browning M2 heavy machine guns being test-fired in a P-40 Warhawk. This is probably a prop wing with gas-firing guns: note the oversized muzzles. Also note there are three guns in the wing: this is anachronistic, as period P-40s were B or C models which only had a pair of .30 caliber machine guns in each wing and a pair of synchronized .50 caliber guns mounted on the engine cowling. The flying Warhawks in the film are later E and N models.
Rafe (Ben Affleck) and Danny (Josh Hartnett) taxi in their P-40 Warhawks during the attack on the service airfield. In this sequence, they are effectively taking on the roles of Second Lieutenants George S. Welch and Kenneth M. Taylor. In a case of the truth being more unbelievable than the fiction, these two, still wearing tuxedos from a night at the officer's club and having only slept for an hour and a half, actually did make a daring dash for their airfield in Taylor's brand-new Buick while being strafed by Japanese aircraft, took off, shot down several attacking planes, landed at a different airfield to have their .50 cals loaded, took off again, and shot down several more. After landing they encountered their squadron commander, who had no idea what they had just done and berated them for their attire, asking if they knew there was a war on.
A Browning M2 heavy machine gun lying discarded on the deck of the USS Hornet after being pulled out of a B-25 Mitchell.
A B-25 Mitchell flown by Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle (Alec Baldwin) is seen armed with Browning M2 heavy machine guns in the nose, dorsal turret and two on the sides of the fuselage (the barrels of the latter are visible above and below the middle of the propeller). The location of the dorsal turret and the presence of fuselage-mounted guns shows this to be an anachronistic H-or-later variant (it is actually a B-25J) rather than the B-25Bs used in the Doolittle Raid. This did save the film the expense of removing the remote turrets, since by the J model they were no longer fitted.

.30 AN/M2

At the start of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the tail gunner on a Japanese B5N "Kate" torpedo bomber can be seen firing at people below with a .30 AN/M2 machine gun on a flex mount. This is highly inaccurate, as the Kate was equipped with a Type 92 light machine gun, Japanese model of the Lewis Gun, for the tail gunner. It is all the more curious because earlier on in the attack scene, a shot shows a correctly-armed "Kate" in close-up.

.30 AN/M2 - .30-06
The tail gunner of a Japanese B5N Kate opens fire with a Browning AN/M2 machine gun.

Hispano-Suiza HS.404 20mm Cannon

During Lt. Rafe McCawley's service the Eagle Squadron during the Battle of Britain, his Supermarine Spitfire can be seen armed with Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannons. This is somewhat anachronistic as most Spitfires during the Battle of Britain were only armed with 8 machine guns and no cannon, since the early cannon-armed Spitfires were buggy and unreliable.

Four actual Spitfires appeared in the film, three Mark Vs (marked as RF-C, RF-Y and RF-M) and one Mark VIII (marked RF-T). One replica was made for ground shots.

A pair of Hawker Hurricanes also appear during the ground sequence at the RAF base: one is a Sea Hurricane Mk Ib, G-NKTH (marked as 7-L which would make it part of No. 12 Radio School, a training unit which did not exist until 1943), which might well have ended up armed with Hispano cannons but is only seen briefly in the background, while the other, a Canadian Mk XIIb marked XR-T (a correct code for an Eagle Squadron, though No. 71 squadron stopped flying Hurricanes in August 1941) is only armed with .303 Brownings. This would not have happened in real life as Spitfires and Hurricanes did not operate in mixed units, nevermind that neither variant was actually in service at the time of the Battle of Britain.

Hispano-Suiza HS.404 with ammo drum - 20x110mm
Lt. Rafe McCawley firing his Spitfire's Hispano cannon (which acts like a Browning Mk 2) during the Battle of Britain. Note the squadron code on the plane is "RF", which very badly incorrect: this code is for the feared No. 303 Polish Fighter Squadron. The Eagle Squadrons were XR (No. 71), AV (No. 121) and MD (No. 133). None were operating during the period considered to be the Battle of Britain by UK historians, 10th July - 31st October 1940. It would have been impossible for a USAAF pilot to join such a squadron before the attack on Pearl Harbor without deserting, as it would violate the on-paper neutrality of the US.

Browning .303 Mk II*

The Spitfires are also armed with Browning .303 Mk II* machine guns, the British model of the American Browning M1919 machine gun, chambered for the .303 British cartridge instead of the American .30-06 cartridge. Most Spitfires during the Battle of Britain were only armed with 8 machine guns and no cannon, however, as the early cannon-armed Spitfires were buggy and unreliable.

One of the two Hawker Hurricane fighters that appear during the sequence at the RAF airbase, a Canadian Mk XIIb marked XR-T, is also armed with .303 Brownings.

Browning Mk II* machine gun - .303 British
The Spitfires seen during the Battle of Britain are armed with Browning Mk II* machine guns, the British model of the American Browning M1919 machine gun.

Type 92 Light Machine Gun

During the attack on Pearl Harbor, Japanese D3A "Val" dive bombers and B5N "Kate" torpedo bombers can be seen with Type 92 light machine guns, a Japanese copy of the Lewis Gun for the tail gunners.

The non-CGI models of these aircraft, three of each, were all originally created for Tora! Tora! Tora!. The "Val" dive bombers were made from Vultee BT-13 and BT-15 training aircraft, while the "Kate" torpedo bombers are stretched SNJ Texan Navy training aircraft with the tail of a Vultee BT-13 grafted onto them.

Type 92 Light Machine Gun - 7.7x58mm Arisaka
A group of Japanese B5N "Kate" torpedo bombers fitted with Type 92 light machine guns prepare to attack Pearl Harbor.

Type 97 Aircraft Machine Gun

A brief cockpit view of a Mitsubishi A6M3-22 Zero reveals one mounted Type 97 aircraft machine gun.

Type 97 aircraft machine gun - 7.7x56mm R
The rear box of the Type is visible.

Type 99 Cannon

Japanese "Zero" fighters are also armed with Type 99 cannons mounted in the wings. While many shots of in-flight aircraft are CGI, three actual flying Zero fighters were present for the production. They are not the A6M2 model that were actually present for the raid, however: the aircraft are N46770, a late-war A6M5-52 from 1943, N712Z, an A6M3-22 (a model first produced in December 1942), and N553TT, a replica A6M3 built in Russia in 1997. These aircraft are also painted green, which was not done with Zeros until 1943: the aircraft that attacked Pearl Harbor were painted light grey.

Type 99 cannon aircraft variants, top an earlier Type 99 Mark 1 Model 3 - 20x72mm RB, bottom a later Type 99 Mark 2 Model 3 - 20x101mm RB
A Japanese "Zero" uses its Type 99 cannons to strafe the airfield during the attack. The Type 97 light machine guns are mounted in the nose in front of the cockpit, and fire through the propeller using a gun synchronizer. The Type 97 machine guns do not appear to be firing in this particular image.

Prop Machine Guns

In one sequence, pilots on the ground are seen being strafed from a Japanese plane's machine gun point of view. These are probably supposed to be the fuselage mounted twin machine guns of a Japanese Zero, but the propeller and fuselage would be visible from this view. In reality, these are probably prop gun barrels mounted on a camera helicopter or crane / wire-mounted camera rig.

The "Japanese plane" strafes the airfield with its machine guns.

Machine Guns

Browning Automatic Rifle

During the attack on Pearl Harbor, several Browning Automatic Rifles can be seen wielded by U.S. military personnel. All BARs used in the film were WW2/Korea M1918A2 fitted with WW1 era handguards and buttstocks to make them look like the older model. Although most WW1 era BARs were modernized, the handguard was usually the first thing that was replaced or converted. The real M1918 that would have been correct for the time would have been in a highly blued finish without bipod. Furthermore, the sight would have been different.

M1918A2 Browning Automatic Rifle without carry handle - .30-06
Joe (Matthew Davis) holds the BAR.
Joe and another man inspect a crashed Japanese plane while holding Browning Automatic Rifles.
A U.S. Army soldier fires a Browning Automatic Rifle at the pursuing Japanese planes.

Browning M2HB

The Browning M2HB heavy machine gun makes several appearances in the film, most notably during the attack on Pearl Harbor where Mess Attendant Third Class Doris "Dorie" Miller (Cuba Gooding Jr), incorrectly referred to as a Petty Officer by the film (this status was not extended to sailors in the Messman / Steward Branch until 1950), uses a pair of M2HBs in a twin naval anti-aircraft mounting aboard the USS West Virginia to shoot down several Japanese aircraft. Lt. Gooz Wood (Michael Shannon) also mans one to defend the auxiliary airfield. The former is not historically accurate: the real Doris Miller took control of a single-mounted water-cooled M2 (as was shown in Tora! Tora! Tora!), not a twin M2HB. There are also some inconsistencies in the scene, with one of the "Tombstone" drums vanishing in one shot and then returning in the next, and the drums switching from closed to open for no apparent reason.

Browning M2HB in vehicle mount - .50 BMG
Lt. Billy Thompson (William Lee Scott) mans a Browning M2HB heavy machine gun.
Lt. Gooz Wood (Michael Shannon) mans a Browning M2HB heavy machine gun. Note the missing front and rear sights.
Mess Attendant Third Class Doris Miller mans the Browning M2HBs in a twin naval anti-aircraft mounting (specifically, a twin 20mm Oerlikon gun mount) aboard the USS West Virginia (in actuality the USS Missouri). Alongside the ship can be seen the mast of an anachronistic 1965 Knox-Class frigate: West Virginia was actually flanked by her sister USS Tennessee to starboard and no ship to port, the latter being why she took so many torpedo hits during the attack.
Doris Miller (Cuba Gooding Jr) lets out a cheer after shooting down a Japanese plane. Miller is shown shooting at approaching planes: the real Miller took over the starboard gun and was shooting mostly at planes that had already flown overhead. This is a product of the Missouri being berthed facing in the opposite direction to the ships during the actual attack: he is on the correct side of a ship which is the wrong way around.

Submachine Guns

M1928A1 Thompson

During the attack on Pearl Harbor, several M1928A1 Thompsons can be seen wielded by Rafe, Danny and several of the other pilots. These Thompsons are fitted with 50-round drum and 30-round box magazines. The usage of the 30-round box magazines is anachronistic due to the fact that it was not in use until its debut together with the M1 Thompson in 1942. The 20-round magazine would have been accurate.

M1928A1 Thompson with 50-round drum magazine - .45 ACP
A production image of Josh Hartnett as Lieutenant Danny Walker wielding an M1928A1 Thompson with a 50-round drum magazine.
The pilots take cover behind sandbags while holding M1928A1 Thompsons. Both Rafe and Danny have their Thompsons fitted with drum magazines, but the Thompson held by Joe (Matthew Davis) is loaded with the anachronistic 30-round box magazine.
While in the tower, Lt. Red Winkle (Ewen Bremner) holding an M1928A1 Thompson fitted with a drum magazine.
M1928A1 Thompson with 30-round box magazine - .45 ACP
Lt. Red Winkle (Ewen Bremner) takes cover with an M1928A1 Thompson fitted with the anachronistic 30-round box magazine. He's seen later with the more accurate drum magazine loaded.


M1903 Springfield

During the attack on Pearl Harbor, the majority of U.S. soldiers, sailors, and Marines are seen armed with M1903 Springfield bolt-action rifles.

M1903 Springfield - .30-06
U.S. Navy sailors return fire at attacking Japanese planes with M1903 Springfield rifles.

M1 Garand

Following the attack on Pearl Harbor and President Franklin D. Roosevelt's (Jon Voight) famous "Day of Infamy" speech, newsreel footage of America's military response is shown, wherein U.S. Army soldiers can be briefly seen marching with M1 Garand rifles.

M1 Garand - .30-06
Newsreel footage of U.S. Army soldiers marching with M1 Garand rifles following the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Arisaka Type 38

After crashing in Japanese-occupied China, the surviving B-25 Mitchell crews are captured by Japanese soldiers armed with Arisaka Type 38 rifles.

Arisaka Type 38 rifle - 6.5x50mmSR Arisaka
Imperial Japanese Army soldiers brandishing their Arisaka Type 38 rifles while capturing surviving B-25 Mitchell crewmen.
A Japanese soldier points his Arisaka Type 38 rifle at Capt. Danny Walker's (Josh Hartnett) head.


Winchester Model 1897 "Trench Gun"

During the attack on Pearl Harbor, Sergeant Earl Sistern (Tom Sizemore) can be seen wielding a militarized model of the Winchester Model 1897 "Trench Gun" shotgun retrieved from the saddlebag of his Indian motorcycle, firing off several rounds at passing Japanese aircraft. In a goof, he fires eleven shots from a six-shot magazine.

Winchester Model 1897 "Trench Gun" - 12 Gauge
Sgt. Earl Sistern fires his Winchester Model 1897 shotgun at passing Japanese planes.
In the director's cut, Sgt. Earl Sistern (Tom Sizemore) with the militarized model of the Winchester Model 1897 shotgun.
Sgt. Earl Sistern (Tom Sizemore) fires his shotgun.


Type 97 Hand Grenade

During the shootout between the surviving B-25 Mitchell crews and the Imperial Japanese Army soldiers, Lt. Gooz Wood (Michael Shannon) grabs a Type 97 hand grenade from a dead soldier, using it to kill the remaining Japanese soldiers.

Type 97 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
A Type 97 hand grenade on a dead Japanese soldier.

20mm Type 98 Anti-Aircraft Cannon

When the B-25s attack Tokyo, Japanese forces are seen opening fire at the bombers with their Type 98 20mm cannon. The exaggerated, fiery muzzle flashes however reveal these to be acetylene prop weapons.

Type 98 AA gun at the Chinese People's Revolution Military Museum in Beijing - 20x142mm
A Japanese soldier mans a Type 98 anti-aircraft gun during the raid on Tokyo. Why the soldier on the left is holding two loose rounds for this magazine-fed weapon is unclear.

Oerlikon 20mm Cannon

Oerlikon 20mm Cannons are seen mounted on US battleships during the attack sequence. They are anachronistic, as the US had only produced 379 of these guns at the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor and had yet to begin any widespread rearmament of warships with them: the ship actually in the film, USS Texas, did not receive Oerlikons until her refit in early 1942.

US Navy Mark 4 single pedestal mount Oerlikon L70 Cannon with early-war eyepiece / ring anti-aircraft sight - 20x110mm RB
A 20mm Oerlikon cannon is visible in the foreground on a US battleship (this is actually the stern of the USS Texas) as the attack begins. While the crewman behind the Oerlikon seems to actually be on top of it, this is an optical illusion caused by his shirt matching the color of the gun. Presumably, given the ship with a tripod mast alongside, this is supposed to be the USS Maryland alongside USS Oklahoma, though if so both ships are facing in the wrong direction. The only other option would be that this is the USS Vestal and the ship alongside is the USS Arizona, but Vestal was a repair ship, not a battleship.

1.1"/75 caliber gun

These small and ineffective quad guns were the primary AA gun mounted on US warships in the early stages of WW2, but are only seen in a sequence of real-life archive footage after President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Jon Voight) stands up following the "Day of Infamy" speech.

1.1"/75 caliber "Chicago piano" quad mount aboard the USS Pennsylvania - 28x199mm
This particular footage was actually shot in May 1942, and shows the firing of the 1.1" gun mounts aboard USS Hornet (CV-8).

Phalanx CIWS

During a pan across her bow prior to the Doolittle Raid launch, one of the three Phalanx CIWS installations on the USS Constellation can be seen.

Phalanx Block 1 baseline 2 / Block 1A CIWS - 20x102mm
A Phalanx installation is visible immediately below the B-25 on the side of the USS Constellation's hull. The white-painted radome of another is just about visible on the escorting Arleigh Burke-Class destroyer in the background.

Bofors 40mm

In various scenes in Pearl Harbor, Bofors 40mm guns, usually in quad installations, can be seen on the American battleships: this is somewhat anachronistic, since before 1942 most US warships had a light AA armament consisting of the unreliable and already more-or-less obsolete 1.1in / 75 cal AA gun, often backed up by batteries of water-cooled Browning M2s. Bofors guns are also seen on the USS Hornet during the Doolittle Raid launching sequence, and single ground mounts can be seen during the attacks on the airfield.

In the film, USS Hornet (CV-8, a Yorktown-Class carrier sunk by Japanese aircraft during the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands in October 1942) is played by either the museum ship USS Lexington (CV-16, an Essex-Class carrier) or the USS Constellation (CV-64, a Kitty Hawk-Class supercarrier) depending on the scene: the takeoff sequence involved four real B-25Js taking off from the Constellation. The 40mm guns being shown indicate that the ship on screen is the Lexington. The real CV-8 Hornet did not carry 40mm guns (of the three Yorktowns only CV-6 Enterprise did): at the time of the Doolittle Raid, she had eight 5in / 38 cal dual-purpose guns in four twin mounts, sixteen 1.1in / 75 cal AA guns in four "Chicago piano" quad mounts, and thirty 20mm Oerlikons replacing her original twenty-four Browning M2s. This error is probably a result of confusing her with the second USS Hornet to serve in the war (CV-12, named in honor of the first) which was an Essex-Class like Lexington.

The same two American carriers also stand in for the Japanese flagship IJN Akagi.

Bofors 40mm L/60 quad mounting - 40x311mmR
A Bofors 40mm gun is seen in the foreground as a tripod mast on an American battleship collapses. This is historically inaccurate: the tripod masts on all battleships that had them were still standing after the attack. The ship shown here is USS Texas, whose only tripod mast is the one attached to her bridge superstructure: this second mast is more typical of the modernized Pennsylvania-Class (Pennsylvania and Arizona) and Nevada-Class (Nevada and Oklahoma).
A Bofors 40mm gun is seen on a ground mount as Japanese planes begin their attack on the service airfield.

Naval Guns

14"/45 caliber gun

The USS Oklahoma (BB-37) and USS Arizona (BB-39) are armed with 14"/45 caliber guns. The vessel that stands in for all US battleships with these guns in non-CG shots which are not on purpose-built sets (three full-scale battleship bow sets were built for the film) is the New York-Class dreadnought battleship USS Texas (BB-35), the third-oldest preserved battleship in the world after the Japanese pre-dreadnought Mikasa and the British first-rate ship of the line HMS Victory. While no New York-Class battleships were in Pearl Harbor at the time of the raid, she is the world's only surviving dreadnought and so the production had little choice in the matter.

A Japanese bomb about to hit the Arizona. This particular image appears to have been paid homage to in Michael Bay's 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi.
The explosion that follows is a CG paint-over of footage of the sinking of the Australian destroyer escort HMAS Torrens with a Mark 48 Mod 4 torpedo during an exercise in 1999. Unaltered footage of the Torrens also appears later in the film during the propaganda montage after the "Day that will live in infamy" speech.

16"/50 caliber Mark 7 gun

The Iowa-Class battleship USS Missouri (BB-63) is used to stand in for American battleships in some shots, mostly playing the role of the USS West Virginia (BB-48), a Colorado-Class battleship that mounted eight of the older 16"/45 caliber gun in four twin turrets, and was scrapped in 1959. Rather obviously this is anachronistic, as the Missouri was not commissioned by the US Navy until June 1944 and is shown with the refit she received in the mid-80s.

The 16-inch guns of Missouri are visible as some sailors are rather bizarrely shown jumping from the roof of "A" turret onto the structure in front of "B". Note the attempt to disguise the triple-turret USS Missouri as the dual-turret USS West Virginia by changing the name on the life ring.

5"/51 caliber gun

These guns formed the secondary armament of the battleships.

The Oklahoma going down as she is about to hit by a torpedo. The bow section up to the triple-gun turret was a full-scale set on an enormous gimbal mount so it could capsize in the massive water tank located in Rosarita, Mexico (this facility is also known as the "Titanic water tank"). The remainder of the ship was rendered with CGI.

5"/38 caliber gun

These guns formed the secondary armament of the USS Missouri.

As a Japanese plane is about to fly between the USS Missouri and a Knox-Class frigate, presumably the USS Whipple as below, two of Missouri's twin 5"/38 cal gun turrets are visible to the right of the twin 50 cal in the foreground. The gun battery shown has been set up on top of the Missouri's bridge, and includes twin Browning M2s, a single-mount Browning M2, and a twin Bofors 40mm on the top right.

5"/54 caliber Mark 42 gun

This gun, developed in 1953, can be seen mounted on Knox-Class frigates during the attack sequence.

A Japanese plane flies between the USS Missouri and the USS Whipple (FF-1062, formerly DE-1062 before the abolition of the Destroyer Escort classification in 1975), a Knox-Class frigate commissioned in 1970 which had been decommissioned at the time of filming and was sold to Mexico in 2002, where she is now known as ARM Mina (F-214). Note the UNREP (UNderway REPlenishment) crane on Missouri, part of her 1984-1986 reactivation refit.

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