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Operation Trust (Operatsiya "Trest")

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Operation Trust (Operatsiya "Trest")
Operatsiya Trest DVD.jpg
DVD Cover
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Sergey Kolosov
Release Date 1967
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Aleksandr Yakushev Igor Gorbachyov
Artur Artuzov Armen Dzhigarkhanyan
Maria Zakharchenko Lyudmila Kasatkina
Eduard Staunitz Donatas Banionis
Aleksey Zubov Artyom Inozemtsev
Vladimir Styrne Aleksey Safonov
Sidney George Reilly Vsevolod Yakut
Gen. Kutepov Grigoriy Gai

Operation Trust (Operatsiya "Trest") is a Soviet 1967 adventure 4-part mini series directed by Sergey Kolosov. The story, based on real events, depicts the counterintelligence Operation "Trust", implemented by the Soviet OGPU in 1921-26 against the anti-Soviet organisation under the leadership of general Aleksandr Kutepov. The ultimate success of the operation was the arrest of British secret agent Sidney George Reilly who was lured in Soviet Russia.

The following weapons were used in the film Operation Trust (Operatsiya "Trest"):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely seen throughout the series. All Nagants in the movie are of anachronistic post-1930 version.

Nagant M1895 - 7.62x38N
Artur Khristyanovich Artuzov (Armen Dzhigarkhanyan), the chief of Soviet counterintelligence service, fires the Nagant on shooting range.
Vladimir Andreevich Styrne (Aleksey Safonov), Artuzov's deputy, fires the Nagant on the shooting range.
OGPU agent (in center) holds the Nagant during the arrest of Birk (Bruno O'Ya).
Col. Zhukovskiy (Viktor Shulgin) uses the Nagant in addition to his Mauser C96 (see below) when breaking across the border.
Aleksey Zubov (Artyom Inozemtsev), disguised as Red Army soldier, holds the Nagant during the robbery of the State Bank in Moscow.
A conspirator fires the Nagant during the shootout with OGPU agents.
OGPU agent holds his revolver in the same scene.
Zubov fires his Nagant in the scene on the villa near Moscow.

Smith & Wesson .44 Double Action

During the robbery of the State Bank in Moscow Staff Capt. Georgiy Radkevich (Anatoli Adoskin) is armed with Smith & Wesson .44 Double Action revolver. Possibly it's the same nickel plated revolver, seen in several Mosfilm productions.

Orbea Hermanos nickel plated revolver with pearl grips, a Spanish version of Smith Wesson Double Action - .44 Russian
Operatsiya Trest-SW-1.jpg
The revolver seems to be bright enough for nickel plated but it's not for sure.


Mauser C96 M1930

Mauser C96 M1930 pistols are widely used by OGPU personnel, including Artur Artuzov (Armen Dzhigarkhanyan), and by numerous conspirators, notably Rotmistr (Capt.) Maria Zakharchenko (Lyudmila Kasatkina), Staff Capt. Eduard Staunitz (Donatas Banionis), Col. Zhukovskiy (Viktor Shulgin), and Poruchik (Lt.) Voznesenskiy (Anatoly Katsynsky). These C96s have stepped barrels and belong to M1930 model that is out of time for 1920s.

Mauser C96 M1930 - 7.63x25mm Mauser. Note the stepped barrel.
Col. Zhukovskiy holds the Mauser C96 when crossing the Soviet-Lithuanian border.
Zhukovskiy fires. The stepped barrel is seen.
Zakharchenko kills OGPU agent Zubov. The stepped barrel of her Mauser can be seen.
Staunitz holds two Mausers during the conflict with other conspirators.
Staunitz holds Zakharchenko at gunpoint. Note that the lanyard ring is attached in the same plane as the handle, contrary to original version of C96 that had the ring perpendicularly to the handle.
A close view of Maria Zakharchenko's Mauser during the shootout with OGPU personnel.
Zakharchenko fires.
OGPU agent fires the Mauser with attached holster-stock.
Artuzov has the holstered Mauser at his side.
OGPU agent holds the Mauser.
A good view of Zakharchenko's Mauser.

FN Model 1910

In several scenes FN Model 1910 pistols are seen in hands of Maria Zakharchenko (Lyudmila Kasatkina) and Eduard Staunitz (Donatas Banionis).

FN Model 1910 - .380 ACP
Operatsiya Trest-FN1910-2.jpg
Zakharchenko holds her FN 1910.
Staunitz loads the pistol.

FN Model 1922

Vladimir Styrne (Aleksey Safonov) uses the FN Model 1922 during the arrest of Birk (Bruno O'Ya). In the scene on a villa near Moscow Eduard Staunitz (Donatas Banionis) holds the FN 1922 instead of previously seen FN 1910.

FN Model 1922 with wood grips - .32 ACP
Stirne aims his pistol. Note the longer barrel of Model 1922.
Operatsiya Trest-FN1922-2.jpg
Staunitz holds the FN 1922.
The pistol seems to have wooden grips.

Astra 300

Maria Zakharchenko (Lyudmila Kasatkina) uses the Astra 300 pistol during the robbery of State Bank in Moscow. Aleksandr Yakushev (Igor Gorbachyov) carries two Astra pistols that are gifts to him and Gen. Potapov from Second Department of Polish General Staff (intelligence and counterintelligence service). Later, in the scene in Paris, Gen. Kutepov (Grigoriy Gai) holds Yakushev's pistol.

Astra 300 - .380 Auto
Zakharchenko holds her pistol.
Two Astra pistols in the box.
Operatsiya Trest-Astra-4.JPG
Vladimir Styrne (Aleksey Safonov) examines one of the pistols.
Yakushev holds his Astra in the scene in Paris.
The pistol on the table.
Gen. Kutepov takes Yakushev's pistol.
He gives the pistol back to Yakushev.

Femaru 37M

When Eduard Staunitz (Donatas Banionis) retreats from Moscow, he readies anachronisic Femaru 37M pistol.

Femaru 37M - 9 x 17mm Browning Short
Staunitz loads the pistol.
The typical outlook of Femaru 37M.
The spur on the grip is seen perfectly.
The pistol on the table.

Ortgies Pocket Pistol

Ortgies Pocket Pistol (probably the same prop is reused) is seen in several scenes.

Ortgies Pocket Pistol - .32 ACP
An OGPU agent at the right aims his pistol during the arrest of Birk (Bruno O'Ya).
Zoya Kavalerova (Olga Gobzeva), a conspirator and would-be terrorist, draws her pistol.
Another view of Kavalerova's pistol.
Operatsiya Trest-Ortgies-4.jpg
OGPU agent Kolesnikov (Villor Kuznetsov) loads the pistol.
Kolesnikov grabs the pistol from below the peaked cap during the arrest of Sidney George Reilly (Vsevolod Yakut). According to the story, this pistol belongs to Reilly but the character isn't seen with the gun.


Mosin Nagant M1891/30 Rifle

One scene of the movie depicts the spiritual connection of 1920s and 1960s by showing Red Guards and Red Army soldiers in 1960s Moscow. The soldiers carry Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifles.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mmR
A Red Army soldier on Moscow Yaroslavsky railway terminal of late 1960s.
Operatsiya Trest-Mosin-3.jpg
Red Guards on patrol.


Mauser Rifles

In the documentary footage of the funeral in Warsaw in June 1927 Polish soldiers march with Mauser rifles with attached bayonets. These rifles are most likely Karabinek Wz. 1898 (Polish version of Mauser 98AZ), as it was main Polish service rifle before Wz.29 was adopted.

Karabinek Wz. 1898, a Polish version of Mauser 98AZ - 7.92x57mm Mauser. Early production version had a turned-down bolt handle while late version had a straight bolt handle.
Soldiers on march.
Barrels are seen.
Attached bayonets are seen.
Bolt handle can be seen.

Berthier Rifle

A rifle with bayonet that best matches French Mle 1892 Berthier Carbine bayonet is seen in the same documentary footage. It was issued for Mle 1890 Cavalry Carbine, Mle 1892 Artillery Carbine and Mle 1916 Carbine.

The French-style bayonet is seen at the far right.

Mosin Nagant M1891

A Red Army soldier carries the Mosin Nagant M1891 rifle in the documentary footage of the funeral of Vladimir Lenin in January 1924.

See Also

  • Sindikat-2, Soviet 1981 mini-series about another Soviet counterintelligence operation that also was hold in early 1920s.
  • Reilly: Ace of Spies, British 1983 mini-series about the life of Sidney George Reilly that shows a view on the events from another side.

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