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Oleko Dundich

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Oleko Dundich
Oleko Dundich Yugoslav Poster.jpg
Yugoslavian Theatrical Release Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
YUG.jpg Yugoslavia
Directed by Leonid Lukov
Release Date 1958
Language Russian
Studio Gorky Film Studio
Avala Film
Main Cast
Character Actor
Oleko Dundich Branko Pleša
Galya Tatyana Piletskaya
Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov Vladimir Troshin
Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny Lev Sverdlin
Pavle Hodzich Milan Puzic
Gen. Konstantin Konstantinovich Mamontov Boris Livanov
Gen. Andrei Grigoriyevich Shkuro Sergei Lukyanov
Rasovich Stole Arandjelovic
Dragich Ljuba Tadic
Palich Dragomir Felba

Oleko Dundich (Yugoslavian title Aleksa Dundic) is a 1958 Soviet-Yugoslavian historical adventure movie directed by Leonid Lukov. It depicts the life of Oleko (also called Aleksa) Dundich, a prominent Red Army cavalry commander during the Russian Civil war. The biography of Dundich is highly controversial; the movie follows the version that Dundich was born in Austro-Hungary and became a Hussar NCO during the World War 1. In 1916 he was taken prisoner by Russian troops and later volunteered to join the Serbian Volunteer Corps in Russia. In 1917 Dundich joined Red Guards and then became a cavalry commander in 1st Cavalry Army until his death in battle in July 1920.

The following weapons were used in the film Oleko Dundich:


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by numerous characters, both Reds, including Oleko Dundich (Branko Pleša), and Whites.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
A Red commander (Konstantin Sorokin holds a Nagant.
Dundich holds a Nagant. Note the angular post-1930 front sight.
White Army Shtabs-Rotmistr (a "sub-Captain" rank in Russian cavalry) of Caucasian troops (Barasbi Mulayev) holds a Nagant.
An officer (Yuri Leonidov (II)) shoots himself.
A Praporshchik (Ensign rank) with a Nagant.
Dundich in civilian dress holds a Nagant.
Dundich fires at White soldiers in same scene.
Vanya (Yury Solovyov), a Red Army man of Dundich's unit, fires a Nagant in same scene. In previous moment he is seen with a Mauser C96 (see below); it may be a continuity error, or the character could carry two handguns.
Dragich (Ljuba Tadic) dual-wields Nagants in same scene.
Dragich, disguised as a Cossack, surprises a French officer with a Nagant. Palich (Dragomir Felba), also in Cossack dress, holds a barely seen Nagant at the left.


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are seen in hands of several Reds, notably Dragich (Ljuba Tadic) and Palich (Dragomir Felba), Serb cavalrymen of Dundich's international unit. High commanders of 1st Cavalry Army, Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Vladimir Troshin) and Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (Lev Sverdlin), carry Mauser C96 pistols in holsters.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Kliment Voroshilov carries a Mauser C96.
Dragich, disguised as White Cossack, holds a Mauser C96.
Another view of Dragich with Mauser.
Vanya (Yury Solovyov) fires a Mauser. In next moment he is seen with a Nagant revolver (it may be a continuity error, or the character could carry two handguns).
Palich (Dragomir Felba) in disguise of White Army NCO holds a Mauser 96 when Dundich's men surprise sleeping Col. Hodzich. The pistol is probably pulled from below Hodzich's pillow.
Palich points the barrel of the pistol to the phone.
Dragich's Mauser on the table in the same scene.
Semyon Budyonny carries a Mauser.

Unidentified pistols

In one scene Oleko Dundich (Branko Pleša) holds a pistol that resembles an FN Model 1900.

For comparison: FN Model 1900 - .32 ACP
Dundich, wounded in leg in a battle, holds a pistol that seems to be a bright nickel plated FN 1900.
Oleko Dundich-Pistol-5.jpg
Another view of the scene.

In the scene when Dundich (Branko Pleša) poses as French Army Capt. Derville, he holds a pistol that resembles an FN Model 1910 but looks smaller and with slightly different appearance. Similar looking pistol is seen in hands of White Army Col. Bobrov (Evgeniy Samoylov).

For comparison: FN Model 1910 - .380 ACP
Dundich, posing as a French officer, secretly draws a pistol when he meets his archenemy Hodzich. The pisol resembles FN 1910 but seems to be smaller.
Oleko Dundich-Pistol-11.jpg
Dundich fires. The pistol looks slightly different from FN 1910.
Col. Bobrov holds a similar pistol.

In several scenes Lt. Col. (later Col.) Pavle Hodzich (Milan Puzic), the head of White Army counterintelligence service, and some other White Army officers carry pistols that resembles FN Model 1922.

For comparison: FN Model 1922 - .32 ACP
Lt. Col. Hodzich carries a holster that looks like FN Model 1922 pattern.
In another scene Hodzich, now Colonel, draws a pistol from same looking holster.
Hodzich (at the right) holds his pistol that seems to be elongated enough for FN 1922.
Col. Zhilitskiy (uncredited) holds a similar looking pistol.
Another view of Zhilitskiy's pistol.

Several White Army and French Army officers and generals carry pistols in holsters. Some of these pistols are possibly the ones, described above and reused in other scenes.

Officers of the Serbian Volunteer Corps Podporuchik (2nd Lt. rank) Dundich (Branko Pleša) and Hodzich (Milan Puzic) carry pistols in holsters.
Another view of the same scene. Judging by the holster, Hodzich's pistol could be the same supposed FN Model 1922 (see above) but it's very vague.
A French officer carries a pistol in holster.
French Gen. Jaubert (Evgeniy Velikhov) carries a pistol in holster. The holster is for a compact pistol, like FN Model 1910.
Col. Hodzich carries a pistol in holster.
Gen. Shkuro (Sergei Lukyanov) carries a pistol in holster.
A view on Gen. Shkuro's holster. It's a German style holster for compact pistol.
Oleko Dundich-Pistol-17.jpg
In the final scene Dundich leads his cavalrymen in attack, holding an unidentified pistol. The gun is seen very unclear due to fast motion.


Mosin Nagant M91 Dragoon and M91/30

Mosin Nagant Rifles are used by numerous Reds and Whites. These rifles are a mix of M91 Dragoons and M91/30s. Only in some cases the model can be identified exactly.

Imperial Russian Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon - 7.62x54mm R
Soviet Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
Oleko Dundich-Mosin91-1.jpg
Revolutionary soldiers in 1917 carry rifles, often with backwards attached bayonets.
A Red Army man at the left (Pyotr Lyubeshkin) holds a rifle. Next to him Vanya (Yury Solovyov) carries an M1907 Carbine.
A Yunker (cadet) of White Army holds a rifle.
A Red Army man, former French soldier (Valentin Gaft), disguised as a Gipsy, fires a rifle.
An aged Cossack NCO (Stepan Shkurat) holds a rifle.
Rasovich (Stole Arandjelovic), one of the Serbs of Dundich's international unit, carries a rifle.
Dragich (Ljuba Tadic), Palich (Dragomir Felba), Vanya (Yury Solovyov) and Rasovich (Stole Arandjelovic), disguised as White soldiers, hold rifles. Dragich (the one at the foreground) has an M91 rifle, according to the bayonet, while others are armed with M91/30 rifles.
Oleko Dundich-Mosin91-10.jpg
Palich and Vanya aim their rifles at Col. Hodzich. The front sights match M91/30 model.

Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbine

Many Reds, notably Dragich (Ljuba Tadic), Palich (Dragomir Felba), Rasovich (Stole Arandjelovic), Kid Mirko (Zoran Benderic), Vanya (Yury Solovyov) and Dasha (Tatyana Konyukhova), are armed with Mosin Nagant M1907 Carbines. Carbines are also used by Whites in several scenes.

Note: see additional images on talk page.

Mosin Nagant Model 1907 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Vanya carries an M07 Carbine.
Kid Mirko carries an M07 Carbine.
Dragich carries an M07 Carbine.
Dasha, daughter of a Red commander, carries an M07 Carbine.
Dundich's cavalrymen, disguised as White Cossacks, surprise real Cossacks, escorting French Gen. Jaubert.
Kid Mirko and another cavalryman (Nikolai Aparin) with M07 Carbines.
Another view of Dundich's men (Nikolai Aparin and uncredited other) with M07 Carbines.
Rasovich with an M07 Carbine guards captured Gen. Jaubert.
A dead Cossack with M07 Carbine. Next moment he is seen with M38 Carbine (see below).
Dundich, wounded in leg, uses an M07 Carbine as a crutch.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

Anachronistic Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbines are also seen in several scenes.

Mosin Nagant M38 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
Oleko Dundich-Mosin38-1.jpg
Oleko Dundich-Mosin38-2.jpg
Oleko Dundich (Branko Pleša) and Dasha (Tatyana Konyukhova) fire at Whites. The carbines lack hoods over front sights that makes them looking more similar with WW1 era Mosin Nagant rifles.
A dead White Cossack with an M38 Carbine on sling. Earlier this character was seen with an M07 Carbine.

Mauser Gewehr 98

Soldiers of the Serbian Volunteer Corps are armed with Mauser Gewehr 98 rifles.

Mauser Gewehr 1898 - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Oleko Dundich-Mauser-1.jpg
Oleko Dundich-Mauser-2.jpg
Most soldiers carry Gewehr 98 rifles with bayonets. Some Mauser rifles of different models can also be seen (see below).
A mix of Mauser Gewehr 98 rifles, Mauser rifles of another models, and Mosin Nagant M91 rifles in barracks of Serbian Corps.
A Gewehr 98. Lange-Visier rear sight is seen.
Full length Gewehr 98s and short rifles in barracks.
A Red Army man carries a full length Mauser rifle that appears to be a Gewehr 98.
A Red Army man at the right carries a full length Mauser rifle, also most likely a Gewehr 98.

Mauser Rifles

Short Mauser rifles of unidentified model (or various models) can be seen in several scenes. Some of them are possibly anachronistic Karabiner 98k.

For comparison: Karabiner 98k - 7.92x57mm Mauser
A soldier of Serbian Corps in center holds a short Mauser rifle with turned down bolt handle, possibly but not nessessary Karabiner 98k. It is fitted with a long bayonet of Gewehr 98.
Another soldier holds same looking rifle.
A soldier, closing formation, holds a short rifle with straight bolt handle.
A mix of Mauser Gewehr 98 rifles, Mauser rifles of another models, and Mosin Nagant M91 rifles in barracks of Serbian Corps.
Full length Gewehr 98s and short rifles in barracks.
Firing squad takes aim. A rifle at the foreground is a full length model but not a Gewehr 98.
A White Cossack at the right carries a Mauser rifle with turned down bolt handle, possibly a Karabiner 98k.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Maxim M1910 machine guns are seen mounted on Red Army tachanka horse carts (possibly it's a single prop, as all M1910s have very similary battered barrel jackets).

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Red soldier and sailor carry a Maxim.
Maxim M1910 on tachanka.
Maxim M1910 on tachanka.
Maxim M1910 on tachanka.

Maxim M1910/30

Maxim M1910/30 machine guns, standing for M1910s, are seen mounted on Red Army tachanka horse carts, on Red armoured train and on White armoured cars. Both pre- and post-1940 versions are seen.

Maxim 1910/30 - 7.62x54mmR
Maxim 1910/30, post 1941 manufacture with top hatch on cooling jacket - 7.62x54mmR
Maxims on Red armoured train.
A closer view of a Maxim on the armoured train.
Maxims on Austin armoured car of White troops.
Maxim M1910/30 of post-1940 version on tachanka.
Palich (Dragomir Felba) fires a Maxim.
Oleko Dundich-Maxim-8.jpg
Oleko Dundich-Maxim-9.jpg
Maxim machine guns on tachanka carts.
Oleko Dundich-Maxim-12.jpg
A close view of the barrel of post-1940 version.

Other Weapons

RG-14/30 Hand Grenade

In one scene Oleko Dundich (Branko Pleša) uses an RG-14/30 hand grenade.

RG-14/30 hand grenade.
Oleko Dundich-Grenade-1.jpg
Dundich throws a grenade in the window of Col. Hodzich's apartments.



Dundich carries a German style holster for compact pistol. Such pattern is common for 1930s-1940s.
French Gen. Jaubert (Evgeniy Velikhov) carries a holster for Mauser Pocket Pistol. Later he is seen with another holster, likely for FN Model 1910.
Praporshchik Seryozha (Gennadi Karyakin) carries a holster for Makarov PM.
Podporuchik (Aleksey Bakhar) carries a holster for Makarov PM.
White Army officer at the background (Igor Sretensky) carries a Nagant holster.


Red Army troops use various field guns.

Oleko Dundich-Artillery-2.jpg
Two 76.2mm M1909 mountain guns on railway flatcar.
A 122mm M1910/30 howitzer on railway flatcar.
Oleko Dundich-Artillery-4.jpg
A 122mm M1910/30 howitzer is mounted on armoured train.
A 76.2mm M1902 field gun is seen at the left during the march of Red troops.


White Army armoured cars are seen. These are good replicas of Austin armoured cars, the most widely used during the Russian Civil war.

Oleko Dundich-Armour-1.jpg
Oleko Dundich-Armour-2.jpg
Replicas of Austin armoured cars. Each is armed with two Maxim machine guns.

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