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The Novitsky-Fyodorov (Граната Новицкого-Фёдорова; Granata Novitskogo-Fyodorova, slang: десятифунтовка, desyatifuntovka, which means "ten-pounder") is an Imperial Russian hand grenade. The first version was designed by Capt. Novitsky and appeared in 1914; in 1916, it was improved by Praporshchik (2nd Lt.) Fyodorov. Due its extremely large weight (10 pounds) and very long fuse (12 seconds) it could not be used against soldiers, but was an ideal weapon against all sorts of stationary military equipment, such as pillboxes, etc. For effective destruction of barbed wire, the grenade was fitted with 0.8m (2 ft, 7.9 in) weighted ropes that tangle with wire and ensure detonation in the center of the wire rather than on the ground. Later, these qualities (long delay and very high explosive power) made it popular among safecrackers.
It is hard to estimate the full number of produced grenades, but there were no less than 90,000 M1914s and no less than 350,000 M1916s produced. Production stopped in 1918, and the stores were expended only in the late 1920s.
Note: As very few samples survived to the present day, Novitsky-Fyodorov grenades are more likely to appear in old movies, filmed in early decades of the 20th century.
- State: Russian Empire
- Full weight: 5 lbs (2.3 kg) (M1916)
- Explosive charge weight: 3.6 lbs (1.7 kg) (M1916)
- Body Length: 5.3 in (13.5 cm)
- Full Length: 13.7 in (34.9 cm)
The Novitsky-Fyodorov Grenade and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:
|Young Eagles (Noored kotkad)||Arnold Vaino||Tammekänd||1927|