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Hostile Whirlwinds (Vikhri vrazhdebnye)

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Hostile Whirlwinds (Vikhri vrazhdebnye)
Vikhri vrazhdebnye Poster.jpg
Original Theatrical Poster
Country SOV.jpg USSR
Directed by Mikhail Kalatozov
Release Date 1957
Language Russian
Studio Mosfilm
Main Cast
Character Actor
Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky Vladimir Yemelyanov
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Mikhail Kondratyev
Yakov Mikhaylovich Sverdlov Leonid Lyubashevsky
Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin Vladimir Solovyov
Lemekh Ivan Lyubeznov
Vera Ivolgina Alla Larionova
Kovalyov Viktor Avdyushko
Balandin Georgiy Yumatov

Hostile Whirlwinds (Vikhri vrazhdebnye; the title is a line in the popular Polish and Russian revolutionary song "Warszawianka") is a Soviet 1957 (filmed 1953) historical drama directed by Mikhail Kalatozov. The movie portrays several episodes of the biography of Felix Dzerzhinsky in the first years of the Soviet Power, notably the suppression of the uprising of Left Socialist Revolutionary Party (Left SR) against the Bolsheviks in July 1918 (in the storyline the rebels are called "Anarchists" instead of correct "Left SRs"), the organisation of orphanages for street children in 1921, and the management of Soviet heavy industry in 1925.

The following weapons were used in the film Hostile Whirlwinds (Vikhri vrazhdebnye):


Nagant M1895

Nagant M1895 revolvers are widely used by rebellious Left SRs.

Nagant M1895 Revolver - 7.62x38R Nagant. Note the angular front sight which was used from 1930s.
A Nagant is seen in hands of a Left SR in center in the scene when Dzerzhinsky visits the headquarters of the rebels.
A rebel at the far right holds a Nagant in a way as if he plans to pistol-whip somebody.
The counterrevolutionary Schroeder (Nikolai Gritsenko) draws his Nagant from holster.
Schroeder raises the revolver.
The commandant of the staff of Left SRs (Leonid Pirogov) (in light brown leather jacket) and another Left SR (uncredited Boris Lyoskin) (in striped cap) hold Nagants in center.
A rebel (Yevgeny Morgunov) holds a Nagant. He also carries a Mauser C96 in his belt (a small part of the grip is seen).
Same character fires at a soldier (Yuriy Bogolyubov) who agitates against the rebellion.
A former rebel holds a Nagant.
During the events of 1920s Schroeder, disguised as a railway worker, holds a Nagant.
Vikhri vrazhdebnye-Nagant-11.jpg
During the events of 1920s Schroeder attempts on the life of Vera Ivolgina.


Mauser C96

Mauser C96 pistols are seen in hands of Chekist Lemekh (Ivan Lyubeznov) and rebellious Left SRs.

Pre-War dated Mauser C96 "Broomhandle" Commercial Version - 7.63x25mm Mauser
Lemekh, accompanying Dzerzhinsky, carries a Mauser C96.
The commandant of the staff of Left SRs (Leonid Pirogov) holds a Nagant M1895 and a Mauser C96.
Another view of a Mauser in hands of same character.
The commandant holds his Mauser in another scene.
A rebel (Stanislav Chekan) holds a Mauser in the scene of Left SRs headquarters.
The commandant aims his Mauser and Nagant at Dzerzhinsky.
A rebel at the right holds a Mauser.
Vikhri vrazhdebnye-MauserC96-9.jpg
Left SRs with Mauser pistols.
Lemekh grabs a Mauser from a rebel.

Unidentified pistol

A member of Left SRs Central Committee Komkov (Pavel Tarasov) carries a pistol that bears resemblance with CZ 38 but most likely is a different gun.

For comparison: CZ 38 - 9x17mm (.380)
Vikhri vrazhdebnye-Pistol-1.jpg
The back of the slide and the barrel look similar to CZ 38 but the grip has different shape.


Mosin Nagant

Many Red Guards and Left SRs are armed with Mosin Nagant Rifles that appear to be a mix of original M91 Dragoon and M91/30 models.

Mosin Nagant M1891 Dragoon Rifle - 7.62x54mm R
Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
Red Guard Kovalyov (Viktor Avdyushko) carries a rifle with bayonet.
Kovalyov holds his rifle during the grapple with Shroeder.
A Red Guard at the right holds a rifle with bayonet.
A Red Guard on the Fifth All-Russian Congress of Soviets holds a rifle with bayonet, attached backwards. The bayonet is of original M91 version.
Sentries at the gates of Left SRs headquarters (Pyotr Kiryutkin at the left, Vladimir Kolchin at the right).
Rebels with rifles.
Dzerzhinsky agitates soldiers.
Soldiers turn against the leaders of the rebellion. The rifle at the right is an M91/30.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine

One of the Left SRs holds an out of time Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine.

Mosin Nagant M1938 Carbine - 7.62x54mm R
An M38 Carbine is seen at far left.

Machine Guns

Maxim M1910

Rebellious Left SRs use Maxim M1910 machine guns.

Maxim 1910, simplified version with smooth water jacket - 7.62x54mmR
A Maxim is seen at the left.
A Maxim is seen at the left.
A Maxim in Left SRs headquarters.
A Maxim of rebels.

Other Weapons

Hand Grenade

Some of Left SRs carry hand grenades. They appear to be mockups of RG-14 grenades.

For comparison: RG-14 hand grenade
A sentry (Vladimir Kolchin) at the gates of Left SRs headquarters carries a pair of hand grenades.
A rebel carries several grenades.
Komkov (Pavel Tarasov) and a rebel behind him (Boris Lyoskin) carry hand grenades.
A rebel (Yevgeny Morgunov) carries several grenades.


76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902

Rebellious Left SRs use 76.2 mm divisional gun model 1902.

76.2mm M1902 Putilov Field Gun
The muzzle is seen.
A 3-inch gun on street.

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