¡Ay, Carmela! (internationally released under the original title, with or without the inverted exclamation mark in the beginning) is a 1990 Spanish drama directed by Carlos Saura and based on the theater play by Jose Sanchis Sinisterra. The plot depicts the story of a trio of travelling vaudeville performers during the Spanish Civil War - singer and dancer Carmela (Carmen Maura), her husband, comedian Paulino (Andrés Pajares), and their mute assistant Gustavete (Gabino Diego). The trio gives performances for the Republican troops but are captured by Nationalist forces after inadvertently entering Nationalist-controlled territory. The price of their life and freedom is a show that mocks the Republic. Paulino readily agrees, but for Carmela, it would be a betrayal of ideals.
The film was the winner of the 1990 Goya Awards in 13 categories, including Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, and Best Actress.
The following weapons were used in the film ¡Ay, Carmela!:
A Nationalist artillery Captain (José Sancho) in charge of the unit that detains the performers carries an Astra 600 pistol. In the final scene, a Nationalist officer draws and fires an Astra 600 pistol.
Star Model B
A Nationalist artillery Alférez (Ensign rank) (Antonio Fuentes) carries a Star Model B pistol. A Star pistol is also seen in hands of a Nationalist official who chooses Republican POWs for execution.
Italian Teniente (Lt.) Ripamonte (Mauricio De Razza) and some other officers and NCOs carry Beretta M1934 pistols in holsters.
A Nationalist Cabo (Corporal rank) Cardoso (Emilio del Valle) carries a Bergmann MP35/I submachine gun.
An Italian soldier who escorts the performers carries a "Naranjero", a Spanish-made copy of the Haenel MP28/II submachine gun chambered in 9x23mm Largo.
Spanish Mauser M1893
Many Republicans and Nationalists are armed with Spanish Mauser M1893 rifles. Some rifles used by Nationalist soldiers are fitted with Modelo 1913 bayonets that were adopted for M1916 short rifles (the bayonet Modelo 1893 for the M93 rifle has a 10-inch blade while the Modelo 1913 has a 15.6-inch blade).
Garate El Tigre
Several Garate El Tigre lever action rifles are seen in the hands of Republicans.
Double Barreled Shotgun
Some Republicans are armed with Double Barreled Shotguns.
Single Barreled Shotgun
Some Republicans are armed with Single Barreled Shotguns.
A Republican Maxim MG08 is seen during the opening credits.
Maxim M1910 or M1910/30
Hotchkiss Mle 1914
A Tiznao armored car is armed with a Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine gun in the turret (the Spanish version of the Hotchkiss is known as the Modelo 24). In one scene, Requetés carry a Hotchkiss.
One of the Republicans watching the show in the opening scene holds a light machine gun. Only the large conical flash hider on the barrel is seen. Judging by the position of the front sight at the base of the flash hider, the machine gun can be identified as a Hotchkiss M1922. Among the machine guns that were used in the Spanish Civil War, a similar conical flash hider can also be seen on the Degtyaryov DP-27 and Breda Modello 30, but both have differently placed front sights.
Tiznao armored car
A replica of a Tiznao armored car of Republican troops is seen in the opening scene (Tiznao is a general term for improvised armored trucks and buses of the Spanish Civil War). It is fitted with a turret containing a Hotchkiss Mle 1914 machine gun.
A Nationalist T-26 tank is seen in the recently taken town. More then 280 T-26s were supplied to the Spanish Republic from the USSR, and many of them were captured by Nationalists during the late part of the war. The tank is a T-26 mod. 1933, armed with a 45mm 20-K main gun and a Degtyaryov DT machine gun. The surviving tanks in post-war Spain had their DTs replaced with Hotchkiss machine guns, so the screen vehicle is most likely one of many T-26s preserved in Spanish museums and may also be armed with a Hotchkiss.