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Afghan Breakdown

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Afghan Breakdown (Afganskiy Izlom)
DVD Cover
Country SOV.jpg USSR
ITA.jpg Italy
Directed by Vladimir Bortko
Release Date 1991
Language Russian
Studio Clemi Cinematografica
Lenfilm Studio
Russkoye Video
Ladoga Film Studio
Main Cast
Character Actor
Maj. Mikhail Bandura Michele Placido
Katya Klimova Tatyana Dogileva
Lt. Colonel Mikhail Zhigalov
Sgt. Aleksandr Aksyonov Aleksey Serebryakov
Sr. Lt. Nikita Steklov Filipp Yankovskiy
Tatyana Nina Ruslanova
Pvt. Ivanov Artur Uvarov
Gulakhan Khoshim Rakhimov

Afghan Breakdown (Afganskiy izlom) is a 1991 Soviet-Italian co-production war drama directed by Vladimir Bortko. It depicts the story of a Soviet paratrooper unit just before the Soviet pull-out in 1988. Michele Placido appears in the role of Maj. Bandura, war-burned officer who is highly respected by his soldiers but disliked by commanders.

The following weapons were used in the film Afghan Breakdown:


Makarov PB

Major Bandura (Michele Placido) carries a Makarov PB pistol. It is seen only in holster but a typical integral suppressor allows to identify the gun.

Makarov PB with integral suppressor - 9x18mm Makarov
Bandura carries PB in standard PM holster with a cut for long barrel.

Makarov PM

A Makarov PM is seen in hands of helicopter pilot Shchup (Yuriy Kuznetsov) when he wants to show his marksmanship. Some other officers are seen carrying PM holsters but it's impossible to say if they contain pistols or are empty.

Makarov PM - 9x18mm Makarov
Shchup, being drunk, draws his PM.


In the scene in Gulakhan's house a mujaheddin draws his M1911A1 at Gulakhan, accusing him to be a traitor.

World War II Colt M1911A1 - .45 ACP. This was an issued U.S. Army pistol with parkerized finish, thus the official designation of M1911A1
The mujaheddin draws his pistol.
A side view of 1911.

Walther P38

The mujaheddin leader (Bakhadur Miralibekov) carries a Walther P38.

Walther P38 WWII dated with black grips - 9x19mm
Wounded mujaheddin leader reaches his pistol.
He aims Walther at Adil (Muso Isoyev), another warlord.


Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model

Three ancient revolvers are seen in Maj. Bandura' room. One of them is a Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model that Bandura gifts to rookie Sr. Lt. Steklov (Filipp Yankovskiy).

Smith & Wesson No.3 Russian Model - .44 Russian
Three revolvers together with equally ancient sword bayonet are seen on the wall.
Afganskiy izlom-Revolver-2.jpg
Steklov is very fond with his new toy.
Steklov raises the revolver, trying to lead his soldiers in attack in WW1-era style.

Iver Johnson Revolver

A small nickel plated revolver, possibly an Iver Johnson, is also seen in Bandura's room.

Iver Johnson - .32 S&W
Nickel plated small frame revolver is seen at the left.

Saxon M1873 Revolver

The third revolver in Bandura's collection appears to be a Saxon M1873 Revolver.

Saxon M1873 Army revolver - 10.6mm
The Saxon M1873 is seen in center.

Submachine Guns


Some mujaheddins carry PPSh-41 submachine guns. Both drum and stick magazines are seen.

Soviet PPSh-41 Submachine Gun with 35-round box magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Soviet PPSh-41 Submachine Gun - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
A stick magazine of PPSh is seen.
A barrel of PPSh is seen at the right. A man at the left holds a Tokarev SVT-40.
Mujaheddin, including a man with a PPSH-41, ambush Soviet convoy.

Sa 23

During the ambush on Soviet convoy a mujaheddin who mans DShK machine gun also carries an Sa 23 SMG.

Sa 23 - 9x19mm
Afganskiy izlom-SA23-1.jpg


Dragunov SVD

A sniper of Maj. Bandura's unit is armed with a Dragunov SVD sniper rifle.

SVD Dragunov sniper rifle - 7.62x54mm R
A sniper with SVD stands atop BMP-2.
A sniper aims his SVD during the battle.

Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III*

Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III* rifles are carried by several of the mujaheddin fighters.

Lee-Enfield No.1 Mk.III* - .303 British
A No.1 Mk.III* is seen at the left.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I rifles are also carried by mujaheddin fighters.

Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I - .303 British
A wounded mujaheddin drops his rifle.
An elderly mujaheddin fighter prepares to fire his Lee-Enfield No. 4 Mk I rifle at Soviet forces.

Lee-Enfield No. 5 Jungle Carbine

What appears to be a Lee-Enfield No. 5 Jungle Carbine is seen in hands of a mujaheddin.

Lee-Enfield No. 5 Jungle Carbine - .303 British
A man at the background carries a Lee-Enfield No. 5 Jungle Carbine.
A better view of the barrel.


Tokarev SVT-40 rifles are carried by several mujaheddin, and is most clearly seen when the paratroopers ambush a group of rebels in the film's introduction.

Tokarev SVT-40 - 7.62x54mm R
A dead mujaheddin fighter lies next to a SVT-40 rifle.
A barrel of SVT is seen at the right during the ambush on Soviet convoy.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30

A Mosin Nagant M1891/30 rifle is seen in hands of a mujaheddin.

Mosin Nagant M1891/30 - 7.62x54mm R
An M91/30 is seen at the background.

Assault Rifles


The AKS-74 is the standard weapon of the Soviet paratroopers, notably St. Lt. Steklov (Filipp Yankovskiy), Sgt. Arsenyov (Aleksey Serebryakov), Pvts. Ivanov (Artur Uvarov), Popov (Rinat Ibragimov) and Sedykh (Sergei Isavnin). Some of the rifles are fitted with GP-25 grenade launchers. Most of the rifles have two magazines taped "jungle-style" with blue electrical tape, a common practice among Soviet and Russian soldiers.

AKS-74 - 5.45x39mm
A good view of side-folding stock.
Pvt. Ivanov (Artur Uvarov) carries an AKS-74 with jungle-taped magazines. The personal first-aid kit is attached to the folding stock.
St. Lt. Steklov (Filipp Yankovskiy) holds an AKS-74 during the attack on the convoy.
A closeup of Sgt. Arsenyov's AKS-74. Rubber band and first aid kit are attached to the folding stock.
Soviet paratroopers on patrol. Sgt. Arsenyov (Aleksey Serebryakov) holds his AKS-74 at the right.
Arsenyov fires his AKS-74.
A paratrooper returns fire with his AKS-74.
Radioman Pvt. Popov (Rinat Ibragimov) with an AKS-74.


A Soviet tank crew member fires an AKS-74U when a convoy is ambushed by the mujaheddin, wounding one of the fighters who is promptly crushed by the tank.

AKS-74U - 5.45x39mm
The crew member fires a AKS-74U.


AKMS rifles are commonly used by the Soviet paratroopers in conjunction with the AKS-74, with most having orange bakelite magazines taped together "jungle-style". Major Bandura (Michele Placido), the leader of the airborne unit, carries an AKMS with a 75-round RPK drum magazine throughout much of the film, before switching to standard metal magazines during the finale.

AKMS, stamped steel receiver w/ slant muzzle brake and under-folding stock - 7.62x39mm
Pvt. Popov (Rinat Ibragimov) fires his AKMS at a pack horse loaded with ammunition.
Major Bandura (Michele Placido) climbs aboard a BMP-2 IFV, AKMS in hand.
Pvt. Ivanov (Artur Uvarov) holds an AKMS during the scene on Afghan bazaar.
Ivanov fires his AKMS in the same scene, taking a beggar for a saboteur.
Bandura returns fire with his AKMS during an ambush.
A closeup of Bandura's AKMS with drum magazine.
Bandura hides behind a wall during the film's finale. His AKMS is loaded with a standard magazine.


AKM rifles are occasionally seen in the hands of Soviet troops and Afghan mujaheddin, most notably during a scene when a crate of the rifles is given by the Soviets to a local warlord Adil (Muso Isoyev).

AKM, Stamped Steel Receiver w/ slant muzzle brake - 7.62x39mm
A paratrooper at the background holds an AKM, fitted with PBS sound suppressor.
A crate of AKM rifles that is given to Adil as a goodwill gift.
Adil examines an AKM.
A soldier holds PBS-fitted AKM while dismounting from BMP.
A soldier fires an AKM from below the BMP.
Pvt. Onisimov (Nikolai Ustinov) holds an AKM at the left.
Onisimov carries his AKM during the march across the mountains.

Norinco Type 56

Some of the mujaheddin are armed with Norinco Type 56 rifles with under-folding bayonets, which is realistic considering many fighters in real life were supplied with Chinese weapons. A Type 56 with a broken handguard, fixed with a blue electric type, is a personal weapon of Gulakhan's son (Kiem Yakub) who uses his gun in the final scene.

Norinco Type 56 (fixed stock variant) with under-folding bayonet ("pig sticker") which was standard on PLA-issue Type 56s - 7.62x39mm
A mujaheddin fires his Type 56 during the ambush of a Soviet convoy.
Gulakhan's son patrols the road to the village. The "pig-sticker" bayonet is seen.
Gulakhan's son clutches his Type 56 after his village is destroyed by Soviet helicopters. In this scene the folding bayonet is removed.


What appear to be a Romanian AIM, identified by its typical foregrip, is seen in hands of a mujaheddin.

AIM - 7.62x39mm
An AIM is seen at the left.

Heckler & Koch G3A3

Adil (Muso Isoyev) carries a Heckler & Koch G3A3 rifle (possibly a Pakistani licensed copy G3P3). A G3 is also seen in hands of another mujaheddin but it is probably the same movie prop, reused in another scene.

Heckler & Koch G3A3 with wide handguard - 7.62x51mm NATO
Adil carries a G3 on sling.
A closer view of Adil's rifle.
A mujaheddin at the left runs with a G3 in hands under heavy fire.

Machine Guns and Autocannons


RPK-74 light machine guns are briefly seen in several scenes.

RPK-74 light machine gun with 45-round box magazine - 5.45x39mm
A paratrooper at the right carries an RPK-74.
A paratrooper at the left carries an RPK, most likely the same RPK-74.


PKM machine guns are widely used by the paratroopers and the mujaheddins. Both models with long and short flash hiders are seen.

PKM with classic (most seen) version of the flash hider - 7.62x54mm R
PKM with latest version of Flash hider - 7.62x54mm R
A paratrooper holds a PKM while mounting on BMP-2.
A PKM is seen over the front of the BMP-2.
A PKM is top mounted on BMP-1.
Mujaheddins fire PKM during the ambush on Soviet convoy.
Pvt. Popov (Rinat Ibragimov) stands at his PKM.
Popov fires his PKM.
A paratrooper carries a PKM during the raid.
A PKM in action during the battle in the village.


A PKT is mounted on Mi-8 hepicopter. Such usage of PKT was quite common during the Afghan war and local conflicts of 1990s-2000s. PKTs are also mounted on BMP-2 IFVs and BTR-80 APCs.

PKT machine gun with 250-round ammo drum - 7.62x54mm R
Afganskiy izlom-PKT-1.jpg
A PKT is nose-mounted on Mi-8.


The DShK heavy machine gun is used by Soviet and mujaheddin forces.

A Russian DShKM in 12.7x109mm on Tripod
A DShK is mounted on a pickup truck, captured from mujaheddins.
A mujaheddin fighter fires on a Soviet convoy with a DShK machine gun.
A DShK machine gun at a Soviet outpost.
A view from the rear. Spade grips of DShK are seen.
Pvt. Onisimov (Nikolai Ustinov) fires a DShK.

Yakushev-Borzov Yak-B

Yakushev-Borzov Yak-B machine guns are mounted on Mi-24 helicopters.

Yakushev-Borzov Yak-B mounted on Mi-24 Hind-D - 12.7x108mm
A Mi-24 with Yak-B machine gun on airfield.
The top Mi-24 is armed with Yak-B machine gun.


KPVT heavy machine guns are mounted on BTR-80 APCs.

KPVT heavy machine gun - 14.5x114mm
Afganskiy izlom-KPVT-1.jpg


In one scene a ZU-23 is seen mounted in destroyed pickup truck.

ZSU-23-2 mounted on pickup truck - 23x152mm
Afganskiy izlom-ZU23-1.jpg

Afanasev-Makarov AM-23

Twin Afanasev-Makarov AM-23 autocannon is mounted in tail mounting of An-12 cargo plane.

Afanasev-Makarov AM-23 - 23x115mm
Afganskiy izlom-AM23-1.jpg

Shipunov 2A42

Shipunov 2A42 30mm autocannons are mounted on BMP-2 IFVs.

Shipunov 2A42 automatic cannon - 30x165mm
2A42 autocannon is mounted on BMP-2. Coaxial PKT machine gun is shadowed by the barrel.
The muzzle brake is seen.
2A42 in action, firing tracer ammunition.

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-2K

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-2K autocannons are mounted on Mi-24P (Hind-F) helicopters.

Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-30-2 30mm automatic cannon with unfired rounds - 30x165mm
A front view. GSh-30-2K is mounted on the left board of Mi-24.
A side view.

Other Weapons


Mujaheddin fighters use RPG-7 rocket launchers to destroy gasoline tankers when they ambush a Soviet convoy.

RPG-7V1 with PGO-7 scope - 40mm
A closeup of PGO-7 scope.
Another closeup of RPG-7.
A mujaheddin fighter fires his RPG-7.
RPG-7 after the shot. A PG-7 grenade is seen at the right.


Major Bandura commandeers an AGS-17 grenade launcher in the film's finale, using it to suppress the mujaheddin that are hiding in a village.

AGS-17 - 30mm
Pvt. Onisimov (Nikolai Ustinov) mans the AGS.
Bandura fires the AGS-17.


GP-25 underbarrel grenade launchers are seen in several scenes.

GP-25 40mm grenade launcher mounted on an AKM (7.62x39mm)
A paratrooper carries an AKM with GP-25 UBGL.

F-1 Hand Grenade

F-1 hand grenades are brifely seen in several scenes, notably in hands of Maj. Bandura (Michele Placido) and Pvts. Ivanov (Artur Uvarov) and Popov (Rinat Ibragimov).

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
Maj. Bandura holds an F-1 during the scene on bazaar.

Recoilless Gun

What appears to be a disassembled recoilless gun is seen among the weapons, captured from mujaheddins.

A supposed recoilless gun is seen next to the pickup truck.

AT Mines

A pair of AT mines is seen among the weapons, captured from mujaheddins.

Two large AT mines are seen next to the soldier at the right.

Tucha Smoke Mortar

81-mm 902V Tucha smoke mortars are mounted on BMP-2 IVF. Three barrels are installed on each side of the turret.

Tucha smoke grenade launchers are seen.


Paratroopers ride atop BMP-1 IVF, identified by the relatively short and thick barrel of 73mm gun.
T-62 MBT.
Two UB-32M launchers for 57mm S-5 rockets are mounted on Mi-8 helicoper.
B-8V20A launcher for 80mm S-8 rockets is mounted on Mi-24 helicoper.

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