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Type 100 submachine gun

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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Nambu Type 100/40 - 8x22mm Nambu
Nambu Type 100/40 Paratrooper - 8x22mm Nambu
Nambu Type 100/44 (1944-1945 model) with magazine removed - 8x22mm Nambu

The Type 100 (一〇〇式機関短銃, Hyaku-shiki kikan-tanjū) is a Japanese submachine gun, the only submachine gun produced in Japan during World War II in any significant quantity. Japan, unlike the powers of Europe and the Americas, were slow to develop submachine guns, instead relying on small quantities of imported European submachine guns like the SIG Bergmann and S1-100 during their invasion of China. While several submachine gun types were tested throughout the 1930s, none were found suitable for combat. It was not until 1939 that Japan sought to produce a domestic submachine gun once more, with Kijirō Nambu designing the first Type 100 prototypes. The weapon was accepted for service in 1940, but was not mass produced as the Imperial Japanese Army felt it had no use for submachine guns in its tactical doctrine.

From 1940 - 1943, no significant production of the Type 100 took place. The early version of the Type 100 made during this period features a bipod, bayonet lug, muzzle brake, and a tangent sight that could be calibrated for 1,500 meters. About 200 were modified with folding stocks for Japanese paratroopers. In 1944, in an effort to simplify production amidst a sharp rise in demand for submachine guns, the Type 100 was simplified significantly. The tangent sight was replaced with a fixed rear sight, the bipod was eliminated, and the overall standard of quality was reduced greatly, resulting in a much rougher finish. The 8x22mm Nambu cartridge, while providing low recoil that resulted in a weapon with excellent full-auto controllability, was considered much less powerful than .45 ACP or 9x19mm Parabellum. Despite the increased demand towards the end of the war, Japan's infrastructure was already strained and, even with corner-cutting and simplification measures, their industry simply could not produce and field submachine guns to the level their foes did.

No more than about 9,000 Type 100s were ever made, though it is often depicted in media as much more common than it ever was in the Pacific. In video games, this is usually to give Japanese forces more firepower to balance them against the British or American forces, or to add variety to their arsenal.

Specifications

(1940 – 1945)

  • Type: Submachine Gun
  • Caliber: 8x22mm Nambu
  • Weight: 8.4 lbs (3.8 kg)
  • Length: 35 in (90 cm)
  • Barrel length: 9 in (22.8 cm)
  • Capacity: 30
  • Fire Modes: Full-Auto

The Type 100 submachine gun and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:

Anime

Title Character Notation Release Date
The Cockpit Private Kodai Ep. 3 "Knight of the Iron Dragon" 1993
Neon Genesis Evangelion Kensuke Aida Ep. 4 1995 - 1996
The Skull Man Ōtomo City Police 2009
The Magnificent Kotobuki air pirates, "Elite Industries" men 2019

Video Games

Game Title Appears as Mods Notation Release Date
Deadly Dozen Pacific Theater "Type 100 Submachine Gun" 2002
Forgotten Hope 2003
Medal of Honor: Rising Sun Unusable; only seen during one cutscene 2003
Medal of Honor: Pacific Assault 2004
The History Channel: Battle for the Pacific 2007
Call of Duty: World at War "Type 100" 2008
Call of Duty: World at War - Final Fronts "Type 100" 2008
Battlefield 1943 2009
Battlefield: Bad Company 2 2010
7554 "Type 100" 2011
Glorious Missions Non-player weapon, used by Imperial Japanese Army Officers and Terrorists 2012
Red Orchestra 2: Rising Storm 2012
Tomb Raider "WWII Submachine Gun" w/ various upgrades 2013
Hot Dogs, Horseshoes & Hand Grenades "Type100" 2016
Call of Duty: WWII "Type 100" 2017
Battlefield V "Type 100" added with the "War in the Pacific" chapter (2019) 2018
Call of Duty: Vanguard "Type 100" 2021
Enlisted Nambu Type 100/40 2021
Nambu Type 100/40 Paratrooper
Nambu Type 100/44
Sniper Elite 5 2022



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