In the late 19th century, German gunsmith Louis Schmeisser designed a line of early semi-automatic pistols, which were produced by Theodor Bergmann.
(1892 - 1900, various models) & (1901 - 1914) & (1922 - 1935)
- Type: Pistol
- Caliber: 7.5mm Swiss Revolver (M1892/1893, No. 1), 5mm Bergmann (No. 1, No. 2), 6.5mm Bergmann (No. 1, No. 3), 8×22mm Bergmann (No. 1, No. 4), 7.8mm Bergmann (M1897), 8x18mm Simplex (Simplex), 9x23mm Largo (Bergmann-Bayard)
- Length: 10 in (25.4 cm) (Bergmann-Bayard)
- Barrel length(s): 4 in (10.1 cm) (Bergmann-Bayard)
- Capacity: 5-round clip-loaded fixed magazine, 10-round detachable magazine (M1897 and subsequent models), 5, 8 or 10 (Simplex), 6 or 10
- Action: Blowback
- Weight (Unloaded): 470g, 2.2 lbs (1.0 kg) (Bergmann-Bayard)
- Fire Modes: Semi-Auto (Single-Action)
The Bergmann Pistols and variants can be seen in the following films, television series, video games, and anime used by the following actors:
The Bergmann 1893 was a prototype Bergmann pistol that was never commercially offered. The pistol was originally designed and patented in 1892 by Hungarian watchmaker Otto Brauwetter, and the design was refined by Louis Schmeisser and developed into the model 1893. The pistol was apparently designed with a Swiss military trial in mind, but it was unsuccesful when it participated in these trials. There are no known surviving examples of the model 1893.
|Assassin's Creed Syndicate||Self-Loading Pistol Model 1868||anachronistic appearance||2015|
Bergmann 1894, also known as Bergmann No. 1, was the first commercially offered Bergmann pistol. It was a significantly modified version of the model 1893, using simple blowback instead of the prototypes' delayed blowback. The Bergmann 1894 was made in a few different calibers.
|The Mandalorian||Pedro Pascal||The Mandalorian aka Din Djarin||Modified as a Blastech IB-94 blaster pistol||2019|
The Bergmann 1896 is an improved version of Bergmann No. 1, and encompasses three pistol models: the small-framed Bergmann No. 2 chambered in 5mm Bergmann, and the large-framed Bergmann No. 3 and Bergmann No. 4 models chambered in 6.5mm Bergmann and 8×22mm Bergmann respectively.
|Hunt: Showdown||Bornheim No. 3||Added in Update 5.0||2018|
The Bergmann 1897, also known as the Bergmann No. 5, was the first locked-breech Bergmann pistol, and also the first Bergmann pistol using a detachable magazine instead of a fixed magazine loaded with Mannlicher-styled clips. Aimed at military contracts, the Bergmann 1897 used a more powerful round known as the 7.8mm Bergmann. The pistol was reviewed by the Swiss and British militaries, but failed to get any contracts. A few pistols came with a 12 inch barrel and detachable stock, intended to be used as pistol carbines.
|Game Title||Appears As||Mods||Notes||Release Date|
|Hot Dogs, Horseshoes & Hand Grenades||Bergmann No. 5||2016|
|Bergmann No. 5 Carbine||Carbine version with 12" barrel|
The Bergmann Simplex was a civilian pocket pistol derived from the experimental Bergmann 1899. The Simplex utilized simple blowback instead of the locked-breech system of the previous prototypes, and fires a proprietary 8x18mm cartridge.
|Game Title||Appears as||Mods||Notation||Release Date|
|Hot Dogs, Horseshoes & Hand Grenades||"Bergmann Simplex"||2016|
|The Mystic Archives of Dantalian||Robber||2011|
The Bergmann Mars is a version of the Bergmann pistol that uses a scaled-down version of a locking mechanism developed by Schmeisser in 1901, which is primarily used on Bergmann heavy machine guns. With the stronger locking system, Bergmann introduced a new cartridge for the Mars, the 9mm Bergmann, better known as 9mm Largo. The pistol was adopted by Spain in 1905, who ordered 3,000 Bergmann Mars pistols.
|The Witch (Noita palaa elämään)||Hanging on the wall of Baron's castle||1952|
|X-Men: First Class||Division X agent||Visually modified||2011|
|Kino's Journey: The Beautiful World||Slaver||2003|
After Spain ordered 3,000 Bergmann M1903 Mars pistols in 1905, Bergmann faced a production issue; their subcontractor, V.C. Schilling, Suhl, was purchased by Krieghoff in 1904, who ended the factory's relationship with Bergmann, and Bergmann didn't want to immediately invest in new tooling for the modest contract of 3,000 pistols (they ended up only making a portion of the M1903 contract with their limited production facilities). They spent two years looking for a new subcontractor before finding the Belgian company Anciens Etablissements Pieper (AEP) to serve as their new subcontractor in 1907.
However, before AEP's production began, the Spanish government made requests for some tweaks to the M1903's design. Bergmann and AEP adjusted the design based on the requests, and the new model was designated Bergmann 1908, which constituted the vast majority of the pistols delivered to Spain. In 1910, the Danish government also adopted the Bergmann pistol, who also had their own list of tweaks. This second adjusted model was designated the Bergmann 1910. In 1921, Denmark, still using the Bergmann 1910, began to produce the pistol domestically, as they needed more pistols and replacement parts and AEP did not offer them. These pistols were further refined and are known under the designation Bergmann 1910/21. These would be the last produced version of the Bergmann automatic pistol.
As a part of Bergmann and AEP's agreement, AEP was licensed to produce the gun commercially, and they did so under the trade name Bayard. As a result, the 1908, 1910, and 1910/21 models are commonly known under the name "Bergmann-Bayard".
|Flame and Citron||Mads Mikkelsen||Jørgen 'Citron' Haagen Schmith||M1910/21||2008|
|April 9th||Pilou Asbæk||Second Lieutenant Sand||M1910/21||2015|
|Land of Mine||Roland Møller||Sgt. Carl Rasmussen||M1910/21||2015|
|Game Title||Appears as||Mods||Notation||Release Date|
|Deadfall Adventures||"Mars"||Incorrectly fires in full-auto; uses 10-round magazines||2013|
|World of Guns: Gun Disassembly||Bergmann-Bayard Model 1910||M1910/21||2014|