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1944

From Internet Movie Firearms Database - Guns in Movies, TV and Video Games
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1944
1944est.jpg
Movie Poster
Country EST.jpg Estonia
FIN.jpg Finland
Directed by Elmo Nüganen
Release Date February 20, 2015
Language Estonian
German
Russian
Studio Taska Film
Matila Röhr Productions (MRP)
Distributor Atlantic Film
Main Cast
Character Actor
Aino Tammik Maiken Schmidt
Karl Tammik Kaspar Velberg
Jüri Jõgi Kristjan Üksküla
Captain Evald Viires Ain Mäeots
Ants Saareste Gert Raudsep
Prohhor Sedõhh Rain Simmul


1944 is a 2015 Estonian war drama film directed by Elmo Nüganen (Names in Marble). In occupied Estonia, Karl Tammik, stationed at the Tannenberg Line, fights in the Waffen-SS while Jüri Jõgi has to serve as an officer in the Red Army. Like thousands of their compatriots, the young Estonians somehow want to survive the war and they have no choice. Either they go for the Russian occupiers to arms or stand under Hitler's banner in the Waffen-SS. The fate of the two soldiers exemplifies the story of a whole country that was almost crushed between the mills of two great powers, forced into a war. It was selected as the Estonian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards but it was not nominated.


The following weapons were used in the film 1944:


Handguns

Walther P38

The Walther P38 is briefly used by Leonhard "Talu" (Kristo Viiding) after he has no more machine gun ammunition.

Walther P38 WWII dated with black grips - 9x19mm
The Walther P38 lies under the MG42.
Talu takes the pistol as Soviet soldiers approach his position.

Tokarev TT-33

The Estonian NKVD commissar Kreml (Peeter Tammearu) is armed with a Tokarev TT-33.

Tokarev TT-33 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev. Pre-1947 version.
The TT-33 cleaned by Kreml during a meeting with Jüri Jõgi.
Kreml is about to take aim his pistol at Captain Viires for disregard of a command.

Submachine Guns

MP38

The MP38 is used by Estonian SS soldiers including Karl, Raadik, and Voldemar 'Piir' (Henrik Kalmet).

Maschinenpistole 38 - 9x19mm.
Piir aims his MP38 and waits to open fire.
A close up of Raadik firing his MP38.
After reaching the Soviet trench Piir holds his submachine gun at the ready.

MP40

An MP40 is very briefly seen being reloaded by the medic SS-Oberschütze (Private 1st class) Elmar 'Säinas' (Pääru Oja). Due to a continuity error, the MP40 turns into an STG-44 when he gives it to Ants Saareste.

Maschinenpistole - 9x19mm
The MP40 in his hands. Note the different charging handle and muzzle.

PPSh-41

Soviet Soldiers are armed with PPSh-41 submachine guns while Estonian SS soldiers use captured ones.

PPSh-41 with 71-round drum magazine - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Ants Saareste and other Estonians soldiers infiltrate a trench with their trophy PPShs.
The brother of Anton Käärid (Priit Pius) with PPSh-41.
"Heraus! Hände hoch!"
Jüri Jõgi (Kristjan Üksküla) forces German soldiers to surrender.
Jüri and Captain Evald Viires with PPSh-41s during the search for German soldiers in the woods.
Captain Evald Viires (Ain Mäeots) takes aim at commissar Kreml.

PPS-43

The PPS-43 is also used by Vladimir Kamenski (Karl-Andreas Kalmet), Abram Joffre (Kristjan Sarv), Alfred Tuul (Martin Mill), and several Soviet soldiers.

PPS-43 - 7.62x25mm Tokarev
Vladimir Kamenski rests his PPS-43 after a Soviet assault.
Soviet Soldiers resting in Tallinn. The soldier in the center is armed with a PPS-43.
Abram Joffre taking cover behind a T34/85 with his PPS-43.
After shooting three surrendering German soldiers he changes the magazine.
The PPS in his hands while searching for Germans.
During the dispute with the commissar he takes aim with his PPS.

Rifles

Karabiner 98k

Karl Tammik (Kaspar Velberg), Anton Käärid (Märt Pius), Raadik (Priit Strandberg), and several other Estonian soldiers wield Karabiner 98k equipped with hooded front sights. German soldiers can also be seen with Kar98ks.

Karabiner 98k - German manufacture 1937 date - 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karl Tammik runs through trenches to repair a telephone cable. Note the hooded front sight.
Anton Käärid's Karabiner next to him.
Raadik reloading his Karabiner during a firefight.
Anton aims the Karabiner at Soviet soldiers.
German soldiers with Kar98ks flee from approaching Soviet forces.

Mosin Nagant M91/30

Soviet soldiers and members of the Estonian civil defense squad are armed with Mosin Nagant M91/30 rifles. A scoped Mosin Nagant is used by Prohhor Sedõhh (Rain Simmul).

Full-length Mosin Nagant M91/30 - 7.62x54mmR
The bolt is seen on the left which means that the scene is reversed.
The leader of the Defense squad encountering the soldiers carries the rifle over his shoulder.
Anton Käärid aims the rifle while in a German trench.
A closer view of the bolt and the hex receiver.
Mosin Nagant M91/30 sniper rifle with PU 3.5x sniper scope and bent bolt handle - 7.62x54mmR
Prohhor Sedõhh aims the rifle at an Estonian soldier.
He holds his rifle at Alfred and wonders if he lost his mind.

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine

A Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine is briefly seen carried by Rudolf Kask (Ivo Uukkivi).

Mosin Nagant M44 Carbine, with attached side-folding bayonet - 7.62x54mmR
Rudolf Kask with the Carbine in Tallinn.
Another view of the barrel.

Mosin-Nagant M/28-30

Some Soviet soldiers are armed with Finnish Civil GuardM/28-30 rifles. These rifled are also seen carried by Estonian Civil Guard members.

Mosin Nagant M/28-30 - 7.62x54R
Clear shot of the front sights.
Four Civil Guards with slung rifles are given captured weapons.
Soviet soldiers marching in Tallinn with their shouldered Mosins.

Tokarev SVT-40

Tokarev SVT-40 rifles are seen by carried Soviet soldiers. Estonian SS-Oberschütze Vladimir Kamenski (Karl-Andreas Kalmet) uses an SVT equipped with a PU sniper scope to defend the Tannenberg Line.

Tokarev SVT-40 with PU sniper scope - 7.62x54mmR
Vladimir Kamenski targets an advancing Soviet soldier.
A view through the scope.
Tokarev SVT-40 - 7.62x54mmR
A dead Soviet soldier with Tokarev SVT-40.
Another soldier wields the SVT during a charge.

Assault Rifles

Sturmgewehr 44

The Sturmgewehr 44 is used by Estonian soldiers, especially the leader of the squad SS-Oberscharführer (Technical sergeant) Ants Saareste (Gert Raudsep) and SS-Rottenführer (Corporal) Kristjan 'Põder' (Hendrik Toompere Jr. Jr.) during the trench fighting. After his Sturmgewehr 44 runs empty he exchanged it with a PPSh-41.

Sturmgewehr 44 - 7.92x33mm.
Estonian soldier on the left aims his STG-44.
The medic is filling empty magazines with new 7.92x33 cartridges.
Ants Saareste takes a sip from his hip flask before he goes over the top during the night.
Later on, he is seen unlocking the assault rifle.
He empties his STG-44 during the trench raid.

Machine Guns

MG42

The MG42 is used by Danish and Estonian SS soldiers. Near the end of the movie, German soldiers use this machine gun as well.

MG42 Light Machine Gun 7.92x57mm Mauser
Karl Tammik loads a 7.92x57mm Mauser belt in the MG42.
SS-Sturmmann Leonhard awaits Soviet soldiers with his prepared machine gun.
Danish SS-Rottenführer Carl Madsen (Magnús Mariuson) of the Division "Nordland" mans an MG42.
A German soldier fires the MG42 at approaching Soviets. Note the unhooded front sight of the Kar98k on the right.
The front view of the same soldier firing at Soviet soldiers is clearly reversed.

MG34

An abandoned MG34 is briefly seen in a German trench.

MG34 with front and rear sights folded down - 7.92x57mm Mauser.
The MG34 next to its dead user while Soviet soldiers passing by.

Degtyaryov DP-27/28

The Degtyaryov DP-28 is used by the support gunner Oskar Lepik (Andero Ermel) in the Estonian-Soviet squad.

Degtyarov DP-28 machine gun - 7.62x54mmR
Oskar holds his DP on a Lend-Leased American 1943 GMC CCKW 353 Cargo Truck.
During the heat of battle, he deploys the bipod...
... and suppresses German soldiers.
A Soviet soldier next to Capt. Viires carries a DP-27/28.
Having cleared out the German position, Oskar fires at retreating German soldiers.

Maxim M1910

A Maxim M1910 is also briefly seen as some Civil Defense Guards desert.

Maxim 1910 with 'Sokolov' wheel mount, w/o shield - 7.62x54mmR
The Maxim in the center towed by the deserters.

Degtyaryov DT

Soviet T-34/85 tanks are armed with Degtyaryov DT machine guns.

DT machine gun - 7.62x54mm R
A T-34/76 rolls toward the Estonian position.

Handgrenades

Model 24 Stielhandgranate

Estonian and German soldiers use Model 24 Stielhandgranates.

Model 24 Stielhandgranate "Potato Masher" High-Explosive Fragmentation Hand Grenade
Leonhard readies a Stielhandgranate.
A box of stick grenades being towed by Raadik. Note the different types of the sticks.
Karl unscrews the cap before the trench raid. His collar matches an SS-Sturmmann (Acting Corporal).
A German soldier throws a grenade.

F-1 hand grenade

Some F-1 hand grenades are thrown by Soviet soldiers including Anton Käärid.

F-1 High-Explosive Fragmentation hand grenade
An F-1 thrown by a Soviet soldier in the front of the Estonians.

Model 39 Eihandgranate

A German soldier commits Suicide with a Model 39 Eihandgranate.

The Model 39 Eihandgranate hand grenade
The German shows Alfred a parting gift.

Other

Panzerfaust

Various Estonian soldiers can be seen with Panzerfausts.

Panzerfaust - 44mm with 149mm warhead.
Firing the Panzerfaust at a Soviet tank.
Ants Saareste with a shouldered Panzerfaust.

Panzerschreck

A German soldier fires a Panzerschreck to knock out a T34/85.

RPzB 54 "Panzerschreck" rocket launcher - 88mm
The rocket launcher being fired by the soldier.

Stockmine M43

The Estonian SS squad has to cross a field during the night where several Stockmine mines are buried in the ground.

Stockmine M43 "Betonmine".
1944 mine 1.jpg

5 cm Pak 38

A 5 cm Pak 38 is operated by Dutch SS soldiers at the beginning.

5 cm Pak 38 anti-tank gun - 50x419mm R
A flyover shot of the AT-Gun.
Note the "Nederland" wristband on the SS-Rottenführer's uniform.
Ejecting a spent shell.
A clearer view of the receiver.

45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K)

A 45 mm anti-tank gun M1937 (53-K) is also seen manned by SS soldiers.

M1937 (53-K) Soviet anti-tank gun - 45mm (1.77 in)
1944 m37 1.jpg
1944 m37 2.jpg

82-PM-41 mortar

Two 82-PM-41 mortars (BM-41, further development of BM-37) can very briefly be seen fired by Estonian soldiers.

Soviet 82mm BM-37 Mortar. BM-41 has generally the same outlook except for the removable wheelbase and the arched construction base plate.
1944 mortar.jpg

122 mm Howitzer M1938

Soviet soldiers are supported by 122 mm M1938 Howitzers.

Soviet 121.92 mm (4.8 inch) howitzer
1944 howitzer.jpg

T-34/85

1944 t34.jpg

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